Constellation Puppis (Stern)

Puppis
Puppis: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Puppis, the aft deck of the large ship Argo Navis sailing down the Milky Way, lies east of the constellation Canis Maior. Thanks to its location in the band of the Milky Way, the constellation contains a lot of open star clusters. The area of this constellation is 673 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on January 9th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • ζ Pup: Naos, Suhail Hadar
  • ξ Pup: Azmidiske, Asmidiske
Data for constellation Puppis [150]
IAU NamePuppis
IAU GenitivePuppis
IAU Abbr.Pup
English NameStern
Season (47° N)November … February
Right Ascension06h 03m 00s … 08h 27m 58s
Declination-51° 06' 09" … -11° 15' 08"
Area673 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Mon, CMa, Col, Pic, Car, Vel, Pyx, Hya

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

Mythology and History

Puppis is the largest contiguous part that Lacaille has left of the original constellation Argo Navis. The other parts are Carina, Pyxis and Vela. Argo Navis was the ship of the Thessalian hero Jason and his crew, the Argonauts, from the Greek legend. They drove it to Colchis, looking for the fleece of the Aries. It is said that the ship could speak and prophesy.

Die hellsten Sterne der vier Teil-Sternbilder des Argo Navis besitzen immer noch eine durchgehende Bezeichnung mit griechischen Buchstaben, da Johann Bayer das Sternbild vor Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in seine Uranometria aufgenommen hatte. [6, 7, 10]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
2451ν06 37 45.7-43 11 463.17 B8III
2553τ06 49 56.2-50 36 532.93 K1III
2773π07 17 08.6-37 05 512.70 K3Ib 5.369.2
2878σ07 29 13.8-43 18 053.25 K5III 5.322.3
2993107 43 32.4-28 24 404.59 K3Ib 8.926.2
2996307 43 48.5-28 57 173.96 A2Iabe
3009207 45 28.7-14 41 106.89 A8V 0.816.8
3010207 45 29.1-14 41 276.07 A2V 0.816.8
3015407 45 56.9-14 33 505.04 F0V
3029507 47 56.7-12 11 355.48 dF5 1.82.0
3034ο07 48 05.2-25 56 144.50 B0V:pe: v8.027.0
3044607 49 41.2-17 13 425.18 K3III
3045ξ707 49 17.7-24 51 353.34 G6Iab-Ib 9.55.1
3063807 51 40.9-12 49 106.36 F2
3064907 51 46.3-13 53 535.17 G0V: 0.70.4
30731007 52 18.9-14 50 475.69 F1Ia
31021107 56 51.5-22 52 484.20 F7II
31231207 59 05.7-23 18 385.11 cK2
3165ζ08 03 35.1-40 00 122.25 O5f e
31681408 04 41.5-19 43 416.13 B3III
3185ρ1508 07 32.6-24 18 152.81 F6IIpDel Del e10.929.6
31921608 09 01.6-19 14 424.40 B5IV
32021808 10 39.8-13 47 575.54 F6V 6.793.
32111908 11 16.3-12 55 374.72 G9III-IIIb 3.071.0
32292008 13 20.0-15 47 184.99 G5II
32572108 17 23.1-16 17 066.16 A2V
32892208 22 46.8-13 03 176.11 gG7

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 243807 41 50.6-14 44 05PN10.110.81.27planetary, pB, pS, vlE, r, 3s.75 dPK 231+4.2, CS=17.7
NGC 244007 41 55.4-18 12 29PN10.89.41.32planetary, cB, not v well defPK 234+2.1, ESO 560-PN9, CS=14.3
NGC 245207 47 26.2-27 20 06PN12.612.00.48planetary, F, S, lE, am 60 stPK 243-1.1, ESO 493-PN11, CS=19.0
Galactic Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 246707 52 26.0-26 26 12EN+OCL7.1pB, vL, R, er, * 8 MLBN 1065, OCL 668, ESO 493-SC25
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 239607 28 00.0-11 43 00III3p7.410Cl, vL, vlCOCL 579
NGC 240107 29 24.3-13 58 00II3p12.62Cl, S, cRi, cC, st vSOCL 588
NGC 240907 31 36.7-17 11 23OCL7.57.32.5Cl, S but B, st 8…10Bochum 4
NGC 241407 33 12.8-15 27 14I3m7.96Cl, P, lC, st 9, &cOCL 598
NGC 242107 36 12.0-20 36 42I2m8.38Cl, L, cRi, st 11…13OCL 626, ESO 560-SC2
NGC 242207 36 35.0-14 28 47III2m4.425Cl, B, vL, pRi, st L and SM 47, NGC 2478, OCL 596
NGC 242307 37 06.7-13 52 17IV2m6.712Cl, vL, Ri, pC, st vSOCL 592
NGC 242507 38 17.6-14 52 40III2p5Cl, P, S, st vSOCL 599
NGC 242807 39 22.0-16 31 42OCL13Cl, vL, vlC
NGC 243207 40 53.0-19 04 36II1p10.27Cl, pL, pC, E 0°, st L and SOCL 620, ESO 560-SC6
NGC 243707 41 46.8-14 48 36III2m6.120!, Cl, vB, vRi, vL, inv planetaryM 46, OCL 601
NGC 243907 40 45.4-31 41 33II3m6.99Cl, B, pRi, pL, lC, st 9,12…14OCL 688, ESO 429-SC11
NGC 244707 44 30.0-23 51 24IV1p6.210Cl, L, pRi, lC, st 8…13M 93, OCL 649, ESO 493-SC7
NGC 245107 45 24.0-37 57 00II2p2.850Cl, vvL, vlC, 1 * 4·5 mOCL 716, ESO 311-SC8, *Grp ?
NGC 245307 47 34.1-27 11 41I2p8.34Cl, S, pRi, pCOCL 670, ESO 493-SC12
NGC 245507 49 00.0-21 18 06III2p10.215Cl, cL, pRi, lC, st 12OCL 636, ESO 560-SC15
NGC 247707 52 10.0-38 31 48I3r5.820!, Cl, B, Ri, L, lC, st 12OCL 720, ESO 311-SC17
NGC 247907 55 06.0-17 42 28III1m9.611Cl, pL, pRi, pC, st SOCL 623, ESO 561-SC1
NGC 248207 55 12.0-24 15 30III1m7.310Cl, L, cRi, vlCOCL 653, ESO 494-SC3
NGC 248307 55 39.0-27 53 42OCL7.69Cl, L, lCESO 430-SC2, OCL 677
NGC 248907 56 15.9-30 03 51II2m7.95Cl, pL, eRi, pC, st 11…13OCL 690, ESO 430-SC3
NGC 250908 00 47.8-19 03 02II1p9.312Cl, B, pRi, lC, st SOCL 630, ESO 561-SC7
NGC 252708 04 58.1-28 08 46III1p6.510Cl, vL, pRi, lC, st 10…15NGC 2520, OCL 685, ESO 430-SC15
NGC 253308 07 04.0-29 52 00III1p7.66Cl, pL, Ri, C, st 9, 13…14OCL 695, ESO 430-SC19
NGC 253908 10 36.9-12 49 14II1m6.515Cl, vL, Ri, lC, st 11…13OCL 611
NGC 254608 12 24.0-37 37 00III2m6.370Cl, B, L, lC, iE, st 9…12OCL 726, ESO 369-SC7
NGC 256708 18 32.0-30 38 24III2m7.411Cl, pL, pRi, lC, iR, st 11…14OCL 708, ESO 431-SC3
NGC 256808 18 18.1-37 06 19I3p10.73vF, pL, F * invOCL 727, ESO 370-SC5
NGC 257108 18 56.3-29 44 57IV1p7.07Cl, vL, cRi, lC, st 9…OCL 701, ESO 431-SC5
NGC 257908 20 52.7-36 12 58IV1p7.519D * (h 4083) in pS neb, am 70 stOCL 724, ESO 370-*N8, *Grp ?
NGC 258008 21 28.0-30 17 30II2m9.78Cl, cL, pRi, pC, R, st 12OCL 709, ESO 431-SC6
NGC 258708 23 24.0-29 30 31II1p9.210Cl, pmCM, iF, st 9…13OCL 706, ESO 431-SC7
NGC 258808 23 09.5-32 58 30II1p11.82Cl, F, S, R, gbM, st 15OCL 715, ESO 370-SC10
Globular Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 229806 48 59.2-36 00 17VI9.35globular, B, pL, iR, gbM, rrGCL 11, ESO 366-SC22
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 220006 13 17.4-43 39 47SBc14.714.00.9 × 0.6eF, pS, R, vlbM, ? 134° PDESO 254-39, MCG -7-13-6, AM 0611-433
NGC 220106 13 31.4-43 42 18SBb14.113.31.1 × 0.5eF, S, R, pslbM, ? 134° PDESO 254-40, MCG -7-13-7, AM 0611-433
NGC 231006 53 53.8-40 51 49S012.711.84.3 × 0.8pB, pL, vmE 45°, pslbMESO 309-7, MCG -7-15-1, AM 0652-405
NGC 232807 02 36.1-42 04 05E/SB012.812.11.3 × 0.8vF, S, vlE, bM, am stESO 309-16, MCG -7-15-2, IRAS 07010-4159
NGC 242707 36 27.9-47 38 09SBdm12.311.54.9 × 2eF, L, pmE, gmbM, 2 st invESO 208-27, IRAS 07350-4731
NGC 250107 58 30.0-14 21 15S014.413.41.4 × 1cF, S, vlE 90°, glbM, am stMCG -2-21-2, IRAS 07561-1413
NGC 251708 02 47.0-12 19 02SB012.711.81.4 × 1F, vS, R, bet 3 st 13·14MCG -2-21-3, NPM1G -12.0217, CGMW 1-2065
NGC 252508 05 38.0-11 25 39SBc/P12.311.63 × 2cF, pL, R, vgvlbM, am stMCG -2-21-4, UGCA 135, IRAS 08032-1117
NGC 255908 17 06.1-27 27 25SBbc11.710.93 × 1.4F, pL, gmbM, am 60 stESO 494-41, MCG -4-20-3, UGCA 136, IRAS 08150-2718, CGMW 2-3078, VV 475, AM 0815-271
NGC 256408 18 30.0-21 48 58E-S013.412.41.2 × 0.8vF, S, R, gbM, am many stESO 562-1, NPM1G -21.0210, CGMW 2-3167
NGC 256608 18 45.5-25 30 02SBab11.811.02.9 × 1.7vF, cL, erESO 495-3, MCG -4-20-8, UGCA 138, IRAS 08166-2520, AM 0804-252, CGMW 2-3181
NGC 257808 21 24.2-13 19 05SB0-a13.512.62.2 × 1.3F, vlE, gbM, r, am 50 stMCG -2-22-2, IRAS 08191-1310
IC 50008 12 39.5-16 03 04E?13.512.51.3 × 0.5vF, dif, vF * attMCG -3-21-7, CGMW 1-2344
IC 231108 18 45.9-25 22 12E012.511.51.3 × 1.3pB, vS, R, lbM, 6' n of III 288ESO 495-2, MCG -4-20-7, CGMW 2-3182
IC 236708 24 10.0-18 46 33SBb12.711.92.6 × 1.8pB, SMCG -3-22-1, ESO 562-5, PGC 23580, IRAS 08219-1836
IC 237508 26 19.6-13 18 11SBb13.913.11.9 × 0.4F, vS, E 90°, 1st of 3MCG -2-22-14, IRAS 08240-1308
IC 237708 26 26.0-13 18 25SB0-a14.313.40.7 × 0.4eF, vS, 2nd of 3MCG -2-22-15
IC 237908 26 27.7-13 17 36Sa14.613.71 × 0.6vF, vS, 3rd of 3MCG -2-22-16

References

6«Das neue Lexikon; Band 1-10»; Weltbild Verlag; © Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim 1984
7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
10«dtv-Atlas zur Astronomie» von Joachim Herrmann; Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag; ISBN 3-423-03006-2
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)