Constellation Vela (Sails)

Vela
Vela: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Vela, the sail of the great ship, lies in the ribbon of the Milky Way. The stars kappa and delta Velorum together with iota and epsilon Carinae form a large cross that is often confused with the southern cross further west by the ignorant and therefore False cross means. The area of the constellation is 500 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on February 11th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • γ2 Velorum: Suhail Al Muhlif, Al Suhail Al Muhlif, "Spectral Gem Of Southern Skies"
  • λ Velorum: Alsuhail, Al Suhail Al Wazn, Suhail
Data for constellation Vela [150]
IAU NameVela
IAU GenitiveVelorum
IAU Abbr.Vel
English NameSails
Season (47° N)December … March
Right Ascension8h 03m 27s … 11h 05m 50s
Declination-57° 10' 28" … -37° 09' 37"
Area500 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Ant, Pyx, Pup, Car, Cen

History

The stars of the constellation Vela used to belong to the constellation Argo Navis and today they form part of what Lacaille has left from the original constellation. The other parts are Carina, Puppis and Pyxis. Argo Navis was the ship of the Thessalian hero Jason and his crew, the Argonauts from the Greek legend. It helped in the search for the golden fleece of the Aries and could speak and prophesy.

The brightest stars of the four sub-constellations of Argo Navis still have a continuous designation with Greek letters, as Johann Bayer had included the constellation in his uranometria before Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. [6, 7, 10]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
3206γ108 09 29.3-47 20 454.27 B1IV 2.341.2
3207γ208 09 32.0-47 20 121.78 WC8+O9I v2.341.2
3485δ08 44 42.2-54 42 301.96 A1V 3.02.2
3634λ09 07 59.8-43 25 572.21 K4.5Ib-II e12.618.2
3734κ09 22 06.8-55 00 392.50 B2IV-V
3786ψ09 30 42.0-40 28 003.60 F3IV+F0IV 0.50.7
3940φ09 56 51.8-54 34 043.54 B5Ib 8.337.2
4216μ10 46 46.2-49 25 122.69 G5III+G2V 3.71.7

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue», Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
NameRADecTypeBmagVmagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification
NGC 2547 08 10 09.0-49 13 30OCL (II2p)4.725.00Cl, B, L, lC, st 7…16OCL 753, ESO 209-SC18, AM 0808-490
NGC 2626 08 35 31.0-40 40 20EN+RN5.00 × 5.0* 9 inv in pB, pL, R nebESO 313-N*4
NGC 2645 08 39 03.1-46 13 38OCL (II2p)7.03.00Cl, S, st L and SOCL 754, ESO 259-SC14
NGC 2659 08 42 36.0-45 00 00OCL (III3m)8.615.00Cl, L, Ri, pmE, st 11…14OCL 752, ESO 260-SC3
NGC 2660 08 42 38.0-47 12 02OCL (I3m)8.83.00Cl, pS, mC, iR, gbM, st 13…15OCL 759, ESO 260-SC4
NGC 2669 08 46 19.0-52 56 06OCL (II3p)6.114.00Cl, L, P, lC, st 10…13OCL 768, ESO 165-SC5
NGC 2670 08 45 30.0-48 47 30OCL (II2p)7.87.00Cl, pL, P, lC, st 13…OCL 764, ESO 210-SC5
NGC 2671 08 46 12.0-41 52 38OCL (I3p)11.65.00Cl, pRi, lCM, st 12…13OCL 745, ESO 313-SC14
NGC 2736 09 00 17.0-45 56 53SNR20.00 × 2.0! eeF, vL, vvmE 19°ESO 260-N14, Herschel's Ray, Pencil Nebula
NGC 2792 09 12 26.5-42 25 39PN13.511.60.35! planetary, pB = * 9, vS, R, am stPK 265+4.1, ESO 314-PN6, AM 0910-421, CS=13.8
NGC 2845 09 18 36.9-38 00 35Gx (S0-a)12.911.72.30 × 1.2vF, S, R, * 12 att sfESO 314-10, MCG -6-21-2, IRAS 09166-3747
NGC 2849 09 19 22.8-40 31 13OCL (II2m)12.53.00eF, cL, R, vglbM, rrOCL 756, ESO 314-SC13
NGC 2866 09 22 06.5-51 06 08OCL (II2p)20.00Cl, lCOCL 774, ESO 212-SC3
NGC 2899 09 27 03.0-56 06 20PN12.211.81.95 × 1.0F, pL, R, gmbM, am 80 stPK 277-3.1, ESO 166-PN13
NGC 2910 09 30 29.0-52 54 50OCL (I2p)7.26.00Cl, cL, pRi, pC, st 10…14OCL 781, ESO 166-SC17
NGC 2925 09 33 10.9-53 23 45OCL (III1p)8.315.00Cl, pRi, pC, D * takenOCL 783, ESO 166-SC22
NGC 2932 09 35 54.0-46 55 00*GrpCl, eL, vRi, st L and SESO 261-**10
NGC 2972 09 40 11.5-50 19 13OCL (I1p)9.95.00Cl, S, lRi, pC, st 13NGC 2999, OCL 778, ESO 212-SC11
NGC 2982 09 42 00.0-44 01 36OCL (III1p)12.00Cl, P, E, st 10…11OCL 770, ESO 262-SC1
NGC 2995 09 44 00.0-54 35 00*Grp20.00Cl, P, lCESO 167-?4
NGC 2999 09 40 11.5-50 19 13I1p9.95.00Cl, S, lRi, iF, st 12…15NGC 2972, OCL 778, ESO 212-SC11
NGC 3033 09 48 40.0-56 24 42OCL (II3p)8.812.00Cl, pL, pRi, iF, st 11…12OCL 796, ESO 167-SC6
NGC 3105 10 00 39.5-54 47 15OCL (I3p)9.72.00Cl, C, lE, st 13…16OCL 798, ESO 167-SC14, AM 0958-543
NGC 3132 10 07 01.8-40 26 10PN8.29.21.47!! planetary, vB, vL, lE * 9 m, 4s dPK 272+12.1, ESO 316-PN27, AM 1004-401, CS=10.1, Eight-burst planetary
NGC 3201 10 17 36.8-46 24 38GCL (X)6.920.00globular, vL, iR, lCM, st 13…16GCL 15, ESO 263-SC26
NGC 3228 10 21 22.0-51 43 42OCL (I1p)6.05.00Cl, 9 L and a few S stOCL 800, ESO 214-SC1
NGC 3250 B10 27 44.5-40 26 08Gx (SBa)13.712.72.20 × 0.6pB, pL, R, vgpsbM, * 13, 45°ESO 317-29, MCG -7-22-9, AM 1025-401, IRAS 10255-4010
NGC 3256 10 27 51.4-43 54 19Gx (Sb/P)12.211.53.80 × 2.1cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-38, MCG -7-22-10, VV 65, AM 1025-433, IRAS 10257-4338
NGC 3256 A10 25 51.1-43 44 51Gx (SBm)15.014.41.30 × 0.6cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-34, AM 1023-432
NGC 3256 B10 29 01.1-44 24 12Gx (SBbc)13.813.01.90 × 0.5cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-39, MCG -7-22-14, IRAS 10268-4408
NGC 3256 C10 29 05.8-43 51 01Gx (SBcd)13.312.61.70 × 1.2cB, S, R, gmbMESO 263-41, MCG -7-22-16, FAIR 431, AM 1026-433, IRAS 10269-4335
NGC 3261 10 29 01.4-44 39 27Gx (SBbc)12.011.23.50 × 2.8F, S, R, am stESO 263-40, MCG -7-22-15, AM 1026-442, IRAS 10268-4423
NGC 3262 10 29 06.1-44 09 36Gx (SB0)14.213.21.10 × 0.7eF, S, RESO 263-42, MCG -7-22-17
NGC 3263 10 29 13.3-44 07 22Gx (SBc)12.511.95.10 × 1.4F, S, mE 280°, psbMESO 263-43, MCG -7-22-18, AM 1027-435, IRAS 10270-4351
NGC 3283 10 31 11.2-46 15 02Gx (S0)12.511.53.20 × 1.5pF, S, R, gbMESO 263-48, IRAS 10290-4559
NGC 3318 10 37 15.0-41 37 38Gx (SBbc)12.211.62.30 × 1.2cF, pL, pmE, lbMESO 317-52, MCG -7-22-26, AM 1035-412, IRAS 10350-4122
NGC 3318 A10 35 31.2-41 44 25Gx (SBc)15.815.11.30 × 0.4cF, pL, pmE, lbMESO 317-50
NGC 3318 B10 37 33.3-41 27 58Gx (SBc)13.913.21.50 × 1.1cF, pL, pmE, lbMESO 317-53, MCG -7-22-27, AM 1035-411, IRAS 10353-4112
NGC 3330 10 38 46.0-54 06 54OCL (II2p)7.46.00Cl, P, st 9…OCL 806, ESO 168-SC11
NGC 3366 10 35 08.1-43 41 37Gx (SBb)12.011.31.80 × 0.8F, E, gbM, * 6·7 v nrIC 2592, ESO 264-7, MCG -7-22-24, IRAS 10329-4325, SAO 222170 (6.2) 1.5' n
NGC 3446 10 52 12.0-45 09 36OCL6.50Cl, pL, P, lC, iF, st 9…13ESO 264-SC45
NGC 3482 10 58 34.2-46 35 03Gx (SBa)13.212.41.90 × 1.4eF, S, R, gbMESO 264-56
IC 2391 08 40 18.0-52 55 00OCL (II3p)2.660.00Cl, co, incl. ο Velorum 3.7 magOCL 767, ESO 165-SC4, Omikron Vel cluster
IC 2395 08 42 30.0-48 06 30OCL (II3p)4.613.00Cl, coOCL 763, ESO 210-SC3, vdB-Hagen 47
IC 2484 09 26 50.3-42 50 33NFpB, S, R, * 7 nf, D * pESO 261-?8
IC 2488 09 27 27.0-56 57 24OCL (II2m)7.418.00Cl, coOCL 789, ESO 166-SC14
IC 2592 10 35 08.1-43 41 37SBb12.011.31.80 × 0.8F, pL, cE 15°, spir ?NGC 3366, ESO 264-7, MCG -7-22-24, IRAS 10329-4325, SAO 222170 (6.2) 1.5' n

References

6«Das neue Lexikon; Band 1-10»; Weltbild Verlag; © Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim 1984
7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
10«dtv-Atlas zur Astronomie» von Joachim Herrmann; Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag; ISBN 3-423-03006-2
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)