Constellation Carina (Keel)

Carina
Carina: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

The band of the Milky Way runs through the eastern part of Carina and so you can find many star clouds and clusters with binoculars. The stars iota and epsilon Carinae together with kappa and delta Velorum form the false cross, which is often mistaken for the cross of the south further east. In contrast to the real one, the false cross does not point towards the south celestial pole. Carina encloses an area of 494 square degrees in the sky. The center culminates around midnight on January 30th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Car: Canopus, Suhel, Suhail
  • β Car: Miaplacidus
  • ε Car: Avior
  • ι Car: Turais, Tureis, Scutulum, Aspidiske
Data for constellation Carina [150]
IAU NameCarina
IAU GenitiveCarinae
IAU Abbr.Car
English NameKeel
Season (47° N)Not visible
Right Ascension06h 02m 46s … 11h 20m 37s
Declination-75° 41' 02" … -50° 45' 16"
Area494 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Vel, Pup, Pic, Vol, Cha, Mus, Cen

Mythology and History

Carina, the ship's keel, is the southernmost part of what was once the magnificent, sprawling constellation of Argo Navis, the legendary ship of Jason and his Argonauts, who set out in search of the Golden Fleece of Aries. In the middle of the 17th century, however, the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille tore it apart into four parts - Carina, Puppis (aft deck), Pyxis (ship's compass) and Vela (ship's sails). The brightest stars of the four sub-constellations of Argo Navis still have a continuous designation with Greek letters, as Johann Bayer had already included the constellation in his uranometria earlier. [7]

An interesting example where language, myth and modern science intersect: the most recent celestial navigators use Carina's brightest star, Canopus, to keep their space probes on a stable course through the solar system. Canopus is not only suitable for this task because of its brightness (the second brightest fixed star), but it is also almost normal to the plane of the solar system, i.e. close to the southern ecliptic pole. [87]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
2326α06 23 57.1-52 41 45-0.72 F0II
3117χ07 56 46.7-52 58 563.47 B3IVp
3307ε08 22 30.8-59 30 351.86 K3III+B2:V
3685β09 13 12.0-69 43 021.68 A2IV v
3699ι09 17 05.4-59 16 312.25 A8Ib
3890υ09 47 06.1-65 04 193.01 A6Ib 3.05.0
3891υ09 47 06.7-65 04 216.26 B7III 3.05.0
4037ω10 13 44.2-70 02 173.32 B8III t
4199θ10 42 57.4-64 23 402.76 B0Vp v
4210η10 45 03.6-59 41 036.21 pec 0.10.2

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 286709 21 25.4-58 18 40PN9.79.70.4!! planetary = * 8, vS, R, * 15, 59° 13"PK 278-5.1, ESO 126-PN8, CS=13.6
NGC 321110 17 50.4-62 40 12PN11.810.70.32planetary = * 10, R, am 150 stPK 286-4.1, ESO 127-PN15, AM 1016-622
IC 244809 07 06.5-69 56 29PN11.510.40.45Planetary, stellPK 285-14.1, ESO 61-PN1, AM 0906-694, CS=14.0
IC 250109 38 47.3-60 05 29PN11.310.40.03Planetary, stellPK 281-5.1, ESO 126-PN26, CS=14.0
IC 255310 09 20.9-62 36 47PN13.010.30.15Planetary, stellarPK 285-5.1, ESO 127-PN10, CS=12.9
IC 262111 00 20.2-65 14 56PN11.311.20.08Planetary, stell, 10.5 magPK 291-4.1, ESO 93-PN4, CS=13.6
Galactic Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 319910 17 24.0-57 55 18EN20 × 15! vB, vL, falcate, D * invESO 127-EN14
NGC 332410 37 19.3-58 38 03EN16 × 14pB, vvL, iF, D * invESO 128-EN6
NGC 337210 45 06.0-59 52 00EN3.0120 × 120! Great neb, η ArgûsESO 128-EN13, Eta Car nebula
NGC 350311 01 17.2-59 50 50EN+OCL3 × 33 S st 10 m in vF nebOCL 833, ESO 128-EN28, AM 1059-593
NGC 357611 11 32.7-61 21 44EN3 × 3F, lE, 1st of 6ESO 129-EN5, with N 3579
NGC 357911 11 59.6-61 14 35EN20 × 15F, lE, sbM, 2nd of 6ESO 129-EN8, with N 3576
NGC 358111 12 01.9-61 18 06EN* 12 with fan-shaped neb att, 3rd of 6ESO 129-EN9, AM 1109-610
NGC 358211 12 11.9-61 16 24ENB, bM*, 4th of 6ESO 129-EN10
NGC 358411 12 19.8-61 13 42ENF, L, E 0°, bM, 5th of 6ESO 129-EN12
NGC 358611 12 29.9-61 21 08ENeF, S, E 160° ±, 6th of 6ESO 129-EN13
IC 222007 56 51.3-59 07 31EN+*5 × 5!! L, E, spiral, * inv.ESO 124-RN?3, AM 0755-585, Butterfly/Toby Jug nebula
IC 259910 37 27.0-58 44 00EN* 8.5 in neb, 3324 f 6s, 6' spart of NGC 3224
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 251607 58 04.0-60 45 12I3r3.83.822Cl, vB, vL, pRi, st 7…13OCL 776, ESO 124-SC6
NGC 260908 29 30.0-61 06 36OCL6Cl, pS, lRi, lCESO 124-SC17
NGC 303609 49 15.9-62 40 32OCLCl, cL, lCESO 126-SC27
NGC 311410 02 36.0-60 06 00II3r4.235Cl, eL, lC, B, st 9…14OCL 802, ESO 127-SC2
NGC 324710 24 12.0-57 45 48II2p8.07.65st inv in nebOCL 809, ESO 127-SC19, Westerlund 2, in EN
NGC 325510 26 31.3-60 40 42I3m11.02Cl, pS, vC, st 15OCL 817, ESO 127-SC20
NGC 329310 35 51.0-58 13 48I3r4.75Cl, B, Ri, pLOCL 816, ESO 128-SC5, Gem cluster
NGC 349610 59 36.0-60 20 12III1m8.27Cl, pL, pRi, lC, st 13OCL 836, ESO 128-SC26
NGC 351911 04 02.7-61 22 05III2p7.78Cl, pRi, pCOCL 844, ESO 128-SC30
NGC 353211 05 40.0-58 44 00II1m3.23.050!!, Cl, eL, R, lC, st 8…12OCL 839, ESO 128-SC31
NGC 357211 10 26.6-60 14 38I2m6.67Cl, pRi, lCOCL 846, ESO 129-SC1
NGC 359011 12 58.9-60 47 20II1p8.22Cl, pRi, C, EOCL 852, ESO 129-SC14
NGC 360311 15 06.6-61 15 40I1pn9.14globular and neb, st 15…18OCL 854, ESO 129-SC16
IC 258110 27 26.1-57 37 32I3m4.35Cl, around * 5.4 magOCL 811, ESO 168-SC3
IC 260210 42 56.5-64 23 39II3m1.6100Cl, co, incl. θ CarinaeOCL 838, ESO 93-SC2, Southern Pleiades
IC 271411 17 22.0-62 43 18II3m8.215Cl, pCOCL 855, ESO 129-SC18
Globular Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 280809 12 02.6-64 51 45I6.214! globular, vL, eRi, vgeCM 45s d, st 13…15GCL 13, ESO 91-SC1
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 219106 08 23.7-52 30 44SB012.311.41.7 × 0.9pB, vS, E, vsbM, * 9 p 5sESO 160-14
NGC 236907 16 37.7-62 20 38SBa13.212.33.5 × 1.1pB, pL, iE, glbMESO 122-18, AM 0716-621, IRAS 07160-6215
NGC 2369 A07 18 43.5-62 56 12SBbc13.712.91.8 × 1.2pB, pL, iE, glbMESO 88-8, AM 0718-625, IRAS 07182-6250
NGC 2369 B07 20 29.7-62 03 14SBbc14.013.21.5 × 1.4pB, pL, iE, glbMESO 123-5, IRAS 07199-6157
NGC 238107 19 57.4-63 04 01SBa13.612.81.4 × 1.4vF, vS, R, am stESO 88-10, FAIR 266, AM 0719-625, IRAS 07194-6258
NGC 241707 30 12.1-62 15 09Sbc12.812.02.8 × 1.9vF, L, R, gbM, RESO 123-15, AM 0729-620, IRAS 07295-6208
NGC 250207 55 51.5-52 18 25SB013.212.02.1 × 1.3pF, S, R, vgpmbMESO 209-8, AM 0754-521
NGC 264008 37 24.7-55 07 25E/SB012.111.12.2 × 1.9pB, S, R, 3 or 4 vS st p nrESO 165-2, IRAS 08360-5456
NGC 271408 53 29.8-59 13 03E013.912.91.1 × 1.1eF, S, R, pslbMESO 125-7
NGC 278809 09 03.3-67 55 57Sab13.112.31.8 × 0.4vF, vS, mE 105°ESO 61-2, AM 0908-674, IRAS 09083-6743
NGC 282209 13 49.8-69 38 39E311.910.93.3 × 2.2pF, vS, R, glbMESO 61-4, IRAS 09132-6926, Beta Car (1.7) 5' sp
NGC 283609 13 45.3-69 19 59Sbc12.611.82.7 × 2F, pS, R, glbMESO 61-3, IRAS 09131-6907
NGC 284209 15 36.4-63 04 10SB0-a13.412.51.6 × 1.3F, vS, bet 2 stESO 91-4, FAIR 282, IRAS 09144-6251
NGC 288709 23 24.3-63 48 44E-S012.811.72.1 × 1.6F, S, R, pmbM, B * nrESO 91-9, AM 0922-633
NGC 305909 50 08.0-73 55 17SBbc11.711.03.6 × 3.2F, L, iR, glbM, S * invESO 37-7, IRAS 09496-7341
NGC 313610 05 48.2-67 22 39E311.710.73.1 × 2.1pB, pS, R, gbM, * 13 nESO 92-8
NGC 3136 A10 03 33.0-67 26 56IBm15.615.02 × 0.3pB, pS, R, gbM, * 13 nESO 92-7, FGCE 794, AM 1002-671
NGC 3136 B10 10 13.2-67 00 18E412.711.71.4 × 0.8pB, pS, R, gbM, * 13 nESO 92-13, AM 1007-664
IC 220007 28 17.4-62 21 10Sb/P14.113.21.2 × 0.7eF, eS, eE 65°, bet 2 st, suspESO 123-12, AM 0727-621, IRAS 07276-6214
IC 2200 A07 28 06.6-62 21 47E/SB013.712.71.3 × 0.9eF, eS, eE 65°, bet 2 st, suspESO 123-11, AM 0727-621
IC 2554 A10 08 50.5-67 01 54SBbc12.511.83 × 1.2cF, S, cE 10°, N, spirESO 92-12, IRAS 10075-6647
IC 2554 B10 08 51.6-67 01 17SBc14.013.32 × 1cF, S, cE 10°, N, spirESO 92-12A
IC 259610 34 12.2-73 14 24SBab14.613.81.2 × 0.8eF, pS, bMESO 38-2, FAIR 283, IRAS 10329-7258

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
87The Starry Sky: Canopus and Carina the Keel by Deborah Byrd; Astronomy 2/96, p.64
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)