Sternbild Sculptor (Bildhauerwerkstatt)

Sculptor
Sculptor: IAU Sternbildkarte [150]

Eigenschaften

Sculptor liegt südlich von Deneb Kaitos des Sternbilds Cetus und östlich von Formalhaut des Sternbilds Piscis Austrinus. Es ist unscheinbar und besteht nur aus Sternen knapp 4.5ter Größenklasse. Die am Himmel vom Sternbild bedeckte Fläche beträgt 475 Quadratgrad und das Zentrum kulminiert jeweils etwa am 27. September um Mitternacht. [9, 15]

Daten für das Sternbild Sculptor [150]
IAU NameSculptor
IAU GenitivSculptoris
IAU KürzelScl
Deutscher NameBildhauerwerkstatt
Saison (47° N)August … Dezember
Rektaszension23h 06m 44s … 1h 45m 51s
Deklination-39° 22' 22" … -24° 48' 16"
Fläche475 deg2
Nachbarn (N↻)Cet, Aqr, PsA, Gru, Phe, For

Deep-Sky Objektbeschreibungen

Geschichte

Sculptor ist eines der unscheinbaren, fast vergessenen Sternbilder, die 1752 von Lacaille eingeführt wurden. Sein ursprünglicher Name war L'atelier du Sculpteur (Atelier des Bildhauers). Warum es daran erinnern soll bleibt unklar. [7]

Kataloge

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
1300 08 03.5-33 31 465.68 K1III
24κ100 09 21.0-27 59 165.42 F2V 0.21.4
34κ200 11 34.4-27 47 595.41 K5III 13.846.0
35θ00 11 44.0-35 07 595.25 F4V
84ι00 21 31.2-28 58 545.18 G5III
105η00 27 55.7-33 00 264.81 M4III
185λ100 42 42.9-38 27 486.06 A0V 0.30.6
195λ200 44 12.1-38 25 185.90 K1III
280α00 58 36.4-29 21 274.31 B7IIIp
288ξ01 01 18.3-38 55 005.59 K0III
293σ01 02 26.4-31 33 075.50 A2V
462τ01 36 08.4-29 54 275.69 F2V 1.10.9
497π01 42 08.6-32 19 375.25 K0III
514ε01 45 38.8-25 03 095.31 F1V 3.24.9
8863γ23 18 49.4-32 31 554.41 K1III
8937β23 32 58.3-37 49 064.37 B9.5IVpHgMnEu
8975μ23 40 38.2-32 04 235.31 K1III
9016δ23 48 55.6-28 07 494.57 A0V 4.574.3
9091ζ00 02 19.9-29 43 135.01 B4III 8.03.

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue», Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
NameRADecTypBmagVmagDimDreyer BeschreibungIdentifikation
NGC 7 00 08 20.7-29 54 59Gx (SBc)14.413.92.20 × 0.5eF, cL, mE, vgvlbMESO 409-22, MCG -5-1-37, AM 0005-301
NGC 10 00 08 34.3-33 51 28Gx (SBbc)13.312.52.40 × 1.2F, cL, vlE, glbMESO 349-32, MCG -6-1-24, AM 0006-340, IRAS 00060-3408
NGC 24 00 09 56.1-24 57 52Gx (Sc)12.211.65.80 × 1.3vF, cL, mE, gbMESO 472-16, MCG -4-1-18, UGCA 2, AM 0007-251, IRAS 00073-2514
NGC 55 00 15 08.0-39 13 10Gx (SBm)8.47.931.20 × 5.9vB, vL, vmE, triNESO 293-50, MCG -7-1-13
NGC 101 00 23 54.5-32 32 11Gx (SBc)13.412.82.10 × 2.0pB, pL, lE, * 14 fESO 350-14, MCG -5-2-3, IRAS 00214-3248
NGC 115 00 26 46.0-33 40 34Gx (SBbc)13.913.11.90 × 0.9vF, pL, lE, D * 2' npESO 350-17, MCG -6-2-6
NGC 131 00 29 38.1-33 15 37Gx (SBb)13.813.21.80 × 0.6F, pL, pmE, vgbM, p of 2ESO 350-21, MCG -6-2-10, IRAS 00271-3332
NGC 134 00 30 21.8-33 14 42Gx (SBbc)11.210.48.40 × 1.8vB, L, vmE 47°, psbM, f of 2, * 10 np 45"ESO 350-23, MCG -6-2-12, AM 0027-333, IRAS 00278-3331
NGC 148 00 34 15.4-31 47 10Gx (S0)13.112.22.00 × 0.8vB, S, lE 90°, smbM * 11ESO 410-20, MCG -5-2-17, AM 0031-320
NGC 150 00 34 15.7-27 48 18Gx (SBb)12.011.43.90 × 1.9pF, pS, RESO 410-19, MCG -5-2-18, UGCA 7, AM 0031-280, IRAS 00317-2804
NGC 174 00 36 58.8-29 28 40Gx (SB0-a)13.812.91.40 × 0.6eF, S, vlE, am B stESO 411-1, MCG -5-2-28, AM 0034-294, IRAS 00345-2945
NGC 253 00 47 33.1-25 17 15Gx (SBc)8.07.229.00 × 6.8!! vvB, vvL, vmE 54°, gbMESO 474-29, MCG -4-3-9, UGCA 13, Sculptor galaxy, Silver Dollar
NGC 254 00 47 27.5-31 25 19Gx (SB0)12.611.72.60 × 1.7vB, pS, lE, smbM, * 8 nf 5'ESO 411-15, MCG -5-3-5, AM 0045-314
NGC 264 00 48 20.9-38 14 04Gx (S0)14.513.51.10 × 0.3F, S, R, vsm bM * 13ESO 295-6, MCG -7-2-16
NGC 288 00 52 45.5-26 35 51GCL (X)8.113.00globular, B, L, lE, st 12…16ESO 474-SC37, GCL 2
NGC 289 00 52 42.1-31 12 20Gx (SBbc)11.711.05.10 × 3.6vB, L, pmE, gbM, * 11 npESO 411-25, MCG -5-3-10, VV 484, AM 0050-312, IRAS 00502-3128
NGC 300 00 54 53.3-37 41 03Gx (Scd)8.78.119.00 × 12.9pB, vL, vmiE, vgpmbMESO 295-20, MCG -6-3-5, AM 0052-375, IRAS 00528-3758
NGC 314 00 56 52.4-31 57 47Gx (SB0)14.313.40.90 × 0.8eF, vS, R, pB * f 2'ESO 411-32, MCG -5-3-15, IRAS 00544-3214
NGC 334 00 58 49.8-35 06 56Gx (SBb)14.413.61.20 × 0.6vF, S, R, glbM, 2 st 11 sESO 351-26, MCG -6-3-12, IRAS 00564-3523
NGC 365 01 04 18.6-35 07 20Gx (SBbc)14.213.41.00 × 0.6F, S, R, glbMESO 352-1, MCG -6-3-17, IRAS 01019-3523
NGC 378 01 06 12.0-30 10 41Gx (SBc)13.813.11.50 × 1.1vF, S, R, gbMESO 412-5, MCG -5-3-24, AM 0103-302, IRAS 01038-3026
NGC 409 01 09 33.2-35 48 20Gx (E2)14.013.01.30 × 1.1eF, S, R, vS * nrESO 352-12, MCG -6-3-23
NGC 415 01 10 05.5-35 29 25Gx (SBb)14.213.41.50 × 0.8vF, S, R, glbMESO 352-14, MCG -6-3-24, IRAS 01077-3545
NGC 418 01 10 35.6-30 13 16Gx (SBc)13.112.62.00 × 1.7F, pL, R, vglbM, p of 2ESO 412-9, MCG -5-4-2, AM 0108-302, IRAS 01082-3029
NGC 423 01 11 22.1-29 14 04Gx (S0-a)14.413.51.00 × 0.4eF, S, E, glbM, f of 2ESO 412-11, MCG -5-4-4, IRAS 01090-2929
NGC 424 01 11 27.6-38 05 01Gx (SB0-a)13.812.92.30 × 0.8vF, S, R, glbMESO 296-4, MCG -6-3-26, AM 0109-382
NGC 427 01 12 19.2-32 03 40Gx (SBa)14.914.01.00 × 0.63 vS st with neby (?)ESO 412-14, MCG -5-4-7
NGC 438 01 13 34.3-37 54 05Gx (SBb)13.612.81.40 × 1.1pF, S, R, glbMESO 296-7, MCG -6-3-29, IRAS 01112-3810
NGC 439 01 13 47.2-31 44 50Gx (E/SB0)12.511.52.50 × 1.5pB, S, R, gbMESO 412-18, MCG -5-4-15, AM 0111-320
NGC 441 01 13 51.1-31 47 20Gx (SB0-a)13.612.71.40 × 1.1pF, S, R, gbMESO 412-19, MCG -5-4-16
NGC 461 01 17 20.3-33 50 28Gx (SBc)14.013.31.20 × 0.9pB, R, glbM (? 1° wrong)ESO 352-33, MCG -6-4-2, AM 0115-340, IRAS 01150-3406
NGC 491 01 21 20.2-34 03 49Gx (SBb)13.212.51.40 × 1.0B, S, vlE, bM, vS * nrESO 352-53, MCG -6-4-11, IRAS 01190-3419
NGC 491 A01 20 05.0-33 54 02Gx (SBd)14.313.81.90 × 0.8B, S, vlE, bM, vS * nrESO 352-46, MCG -6-4-8, AM 0117-340, PGC 4809
NGC 526 A01 23 54.3-35 03 56Gx (E)14.413.41.20 × 0.6F, S, lE, p of 2ESO 352-66, MCG -6-4-19, AM 0121-351
NGC 526 B01 23 56.9-35 04 09Gx (E)14.013.00.80 × 0.4F, S, lE, p of 2ESO 352-66, MCG -6-4-20, AM 0121-351
NGC 527 01 23 58.0-35 06 55Gx (SB0-a)13.913.01.60 × 0.3F, S, lE, bM, f of 2ESO 352-68, MCG -6-4-21, PGC 5141
NGC 527 A01 23 59.1-35 07 41Gx (S?)15.114.30.60 × 0.1F, S, lE, bM, f of 2MCG -6-4-22
NGC 534 01 24 44.5-38 07 44Gx (SB0)14.313.31.00 × 0.9eeF, S, R, vgbM, 1st of 4ESO 296-21, MCG -6-4-26
NGC 544 01 25 11.8-38 05 40Gx (E/SB0)14.313.31.50 × 1.1eeF, S, R, vgbM, 2nd of 4ESO 296-24, MCG -6-4-28, AM 0122-381
NGC 546 01 25 12.6-38 04 09Gx (SBb)14.513.71.40 × 0.5eeF, S, R, vgbM, 3rd of 4ESO 296-25, MCG -6-4-29, AM 0122-381, IRAS 01229-3819
NGC 549 01 25 07.0-38 00 26Gx (Sa)15.514.60.50 × 0.4eeF, S, R, vgbM, 4th of 4ESO 296-22
NGC 568 01 27 56.9-35 43 03Gx (E-S0)13.612.62.20 × 1.3vF, S, RIC 1709, ESO 353-3, MCG -6-4-37
NGC 572 01 28 36.4-39 18 26Gx (SB0)15.014.00.80 × 0.7eF, S, att to S *, B * nrESO 296-31, MCG -7-4-9
NGC 574 01 29 03.1-35 35 55Gx (SBb)14.113.31.10 × 0.7vS, D * pos 225° invESO 353-6, MCG -6-4-39, IRAS 01268-3551
NGC 597 01 32 14.9-33 29 49Gx (SBbc)14.013.21.40 × 1.3F, S, R, bMESO 353-11, MCG -6-4-44, IRAS 01299-3345
NGC 612 01 33 57.7-36 29 35Gx (S0-a)13.912.91.50 × 0.9F, vS, R, * 12 pESO 353-15, MCG -6-4-46, AM 0131-364, IRAS 01317-3644
NGC 613 01 34 18.4-29 25 07Gx (SBbc)10.710.15.50 × 4.2vB, vL, vmE 118°, sbM, * 10 nfESO 413-11, MCG -5-4-44, VV 824, AM 0132-294, IRAS 01319-2940
NGC 619 01 34 51.7-36 29 22Gx (SBb)14.113.31.50 × 1.0eeF, vS, R, p of 2ESO 353-21, MCG -6-4-51, AM 0132-364
NGC 623 01 35 06.5-36 29 24Gx (E3)13.612.52.00 × 1.5F, S, R, f of 2ESO 353-23, MCG -6-4-52
NGC 626 01 35 11.9-39 08 46Gx (SBc)13.412.72.20 × 1.7pF, S, R, bMESO 297-6, MCG -7-4-18
NGC 630 01 35 36.6-39 21 28Gx (E-S0)12.911.91.60 × 1.4pF, S, R, bMESO 297-9, MCG -7-4-20, AM 0133-393
NGC 633 01 36 23.3-37 19 15Gx (SBb)13.612.81.40 × 1.2pB, S, R, gbM, ** npESO 297-11, MCG -6-4-56, AM 0134-373, IRAS 01341-3734
NGC 639 01 38 59.1-29 55 30Gx (Sa)14.714.11.00 × 0.2vF, vS, p of 2ESO 413-13, MCG -5-5-2, IRAS 01367-3010
NGC 642 01 39 06.2-29 54 55Gx (SBc)13.012.32.00 × 1.1vF, pS, R, gbM, * f, nr, f of 2ESO 413-14, MCG -5-5-3, VV 419, AM 0136-301
NGC 7484 23 07 04.9-36 16 22Gx (E1)12.811.81.80 × 1.7pB, S, R, lbM, * 8·9 att sESO 407-6, MCG -6-50-26
NGC 7507 23 12 07.5-28 32 19Gx (E0)11.410.42.80 × 2.7pB, cS, R, psvmbM, * 10 npESO 469-19, MCG -5-54-22, AM 2309-284
NGC 7513 23 13 13.7-28 21 29Gx (SBb/P)11.410.63.20 × 2.1vF, pL, E, gbMESO 469-22, MCG -5-54-23, UGCA 437, AM 2310-283, IRAS 23105-2837
NGC 7636 23 22 33.1-29 16 51Gx (S0)14.613.60.90 × 0.6eF, S, R, sbMESO 470-2, MCG -5-55-5
NGC 7645 23 23 47.4-29 23 17Gx (SBc)13.612.91.50 × 1.2vF, S, R, glbMESO 470-3, MCG -5-55-7
NGC 7713 23 36 15.3-37 56 20Gx (SBcd)11.511.24.50 × 1.8pB, L, E, vgbMESO 347-28, MCG -6-51-13, AM 2333-381
NGC 7713 A23 37 08.7-37 42 54Gx (SBc)13.012.51.80 × 1.4pB, L, E, vgbMESO 347-30, MCG -6-51-10, AM 2334-375
NGC 7749 23 45 47.5-29 31 04Gx (S0)13.812.81.60 × 1.1vF, S, R, gmbM, * 12 fESO 471-9, MCG -5-56-3
NGC 7755 23 47 51.9-30 31 25Gx (SBc)12.611.93.80 × 2.8B, cL, R, psmbMESO 471-20, MCG -5-56-14, UGCA 443, AM 2345-304, IRAS 23452-3048
NGC 7793 23 57 49.2-32 35 30Gx (Scd)9.69.19.30 × 6.3Like a comet (1850)ESO 349-12, MCG -6-1-9, AM 2355-325, IRAS 23552-3252
NGC 7812 00 02 54.2-34 14 09Gx (Sb)14.013.21.10 × 0.7vF, S, R, am stESO 349-21, MCG -6-1-16, IRAS 00003-3431
IC 1475 23 14 02.0-28 25 18NFNeb *
IC 1531 00 09 35.5-32 16 36Gx (SB0)13.412.41.80 × 1.4vF, vS, R, D * nESO 349-35, MCG -5-1-38
IC 1537 00 15 49.5-39 15 39GxyP15.00.50eeF, vL, vmE, 55 npESO 294-1, part of N 55
IC 1553 00 32 40.0-25 36 32Gx (S?)14.513.61.20 × 0.3vF, vmE 10°ESO 473-26, MCG -4-2-17, IRAS 00301-2553
IC 1554 00 32 50.2-32 01 53NFvF, vS, eE 170°, sbM
IC 1555 00 34 32.8-30 01 03Gx (Scd)14.413.71.30 × 0.9eeF, S, R, 2 st p in lineESO 410-21, MCG -5-2-19, AM 0032-301
IC 1558 00 35 47.1-25 22 28Gx (SBm)12.612.23.30 × 2.4E 160°, * n, perhaps spirESO 474-2, MCG -4-2-24, UGCA 8, DDO 225
IC 1576 00 44 13.8-25 06 33Gx (Sbc)15.514.70.70 × 0.4vF, vS, cE 135°, bet 2 stESO 474-20, MCG -4-2-45
IC 1578 00 44 25.8-25 04 35Gx (Sbc)15.314.50.80 × 0.3vF, vS, vmEESO 474-21, MCG -4-3-1, IRAS 00419-2521
IC 1579 00 45 32.2-26 33 52Gx (SBbc)14.914.10.90 × 0.6eF, eS, cE 15°, gbMESO 474-22, MCG -5-3-2
IC 1581 00 45 46.4-25 55 10Gx (Sbc)16.215.40.90 × 0.2eF, eS, E 45°, gbMESO 474-23
IC 1589 00 51 59.3-34 25 19*2eF, eS, R, like D nebESO 351-**13
IC 1608 00 59 24.2-34 19 47Gx (S0-a)13.312.42.00 × 0.9pB, pS, R, 2 st nf, 2 npESO 351-27, MCG -6-3-13
IC 1616 01 04 56.1-27 25 44Gx (SBbc)13.412.61.60 × 1.4eF, pS, 3 st in line nrESO 412-4, MCG -5-3-22, AM 0102-274, IRAS 01025-2741
IC 1628 01 08 47.5-28 34 56Gx (E-S0/P)13.512.51.10 × 1.1cB, pS, R, 3 st 8 nrESO 412-7, MCG -5-3-27, AM 0106-285
IC 1637 01 11 01.2-30 26 19Gx (SBc)13.512.81.70 × 1.3eF, S, R, suspESO 412-10, MCG -5-4-3, AM 0108-304, IRAS 01086-3042
IC 1657 01 14 06.8-32 39 02Gx (SBbc)13.212.42.40 × 0.6eF, S, vmEIC 1663, ESO 352-24, MCG -6-3-30, AM 0111-325, IRAS 01117-3254
IC 1663 01 14 06.8-32 39 02dup13.212.42.40 × 0.6eF, mE 350° [? PD 45'.1]IC 1657, ESO 352-24, MCG -6-3-30, AM 0111-325, IRAS 01117-3254
IC 1709 01 27 56.9-35 43 03dup13.612.62.20 × 1.3eF, pS, R, v difficNGC 568, ESO 353-3, MCG -6-4-37
IC 1719 01 37 35.8-33 55 27Gx (S0)13.612.61.60 × 1.2vF, S, R, cF * nr nfESO 353-27, MCG -6-4-59
IC 1720 01 40 21.4-28 54 50Gx (Sbc)13.712.91.50 × 1.1eF, eS, R, B * pESO 413-19, MCG -5-5-8, IRAS 01380-2909
IC 1722 01 43 02.7-34 11 17Gx (SBbc)14.713.91.50 × 0.5F, S, cE 45°ESO 353-34, MCG -6-4-67
IC 1724 01 43 09.5-34 14 32Gx (S0-a)13.812.91.30 × 0.5F, S, cE 175°ESO 353-35, MCG -6-4-68
IC 5289 23 11 17.2-32 27 05Gx (RN2)14.413.41.10 × 0.8S Cl, st eF, in nebESO 407-8, MCG -5-54-20, AM 2308-324, IRAS 23085-3243, Pos of bright knot
IC 5326 23 29 35.2-28 49 53Gx (Sbc)14.713.91.00 × 0.4eeF, S, mE, * 8 pESO 470-11, MCG -5-55-15
IC 5332 23 34 27.4-36 06 05Gx (SBcd)11.210.58.90 × 8.2eeF, vL, bet 2 st, D * p 45sESO 408-9, MCG -6-51-12
IC 5349 23 46 22.8-28 00 18Gx (S0)15.214.20.90 × 0.2vF, vS, vmE 200°, ? neb D *ESO 471-11, MCG -5-56-5, DRCG 54-80
IC 5350 23 47 14.7-27 57 29Gx (E-S0)14.413.50.90 × 0.9eeF, eS, R, * 9 nr fESO 471-14, MCG -5-56-9, DRCG 54-77
IC 5353 23 47 28.6-28 06 32Gx (E-S0)13.913.01.50 × 1.0eF, S, R, * 6 fESO 471-17, MCG -5-56-10, AM 2344-282, DRCG 54-56
IC 5354 123 47 28.4-28 08 09Gx (E5)15.014.00.60 × 0.3eeF, S, RESO 471-16, MCG -5-56-11, DRCG 54-58, double system
IC 5354 223 47 29.7-28 08 01Gx (S0-a)16.015.10.30 × 0.2eeF, S, RDRCG 54-57
IC 5358 123 47 45.1-28 08 29Gx (E6)13.612.52.60 × 1.1eF, pS, bi-N 20"ESO 471-19, MCG -5-56-13, DRCG 54-42
IC 5358 223 47 43.3-28 08 37Gx (E-S0)15.514.50.40 × 0.2eF, pS, bi-N 20"DRCG 54-43
IC 5360 23 47 54.1-37 03 33NFeeF, cS, R
IC 5362 23 51 36.8-28 21 55Gx (S0)13.812.81.30 × 1.3eeF, pS, * 8 sfIC 5363, ESO 471-26, MCG -5-56-23, DRCG 55-24
IC 5363 23 51 36.8-28 21 55dup13.812.81.30 × 1.3vF, eS, R, 3 st in line pIC 5362, ESO 471-26, MCG -5-56-23, DRCG 55-24
IC 5364 123 56 25.2-29 01 25Gx (S0-a)14.213.30.70 × 0.7vF, pS, R, * 8 sfESO 471-47A, MCG -5-1-8, AM 2353-291
IC 5364 223 56 24.0-29 01 25Gx (S/P)16.415.60.70 × 0.4vF, pS, R, * 8 sfESO 471-47, MCG -5-1-7, AM 2353-291
IC 5365 23 57 34.0-37 01 30NFpB, cS, vmE, * sf

Quellenangaben

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)