NGC 6822, Barnards Galaxy
This irregular dwarf galaxy was discovered on August 17, 1884 by American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard using the 6 inch Cook refractor at Vanderbilt Observatory in Nashville, Tennessee. Barnard's galaxy was recorded as NGC 6822 by Dreyer in his «New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars», published in 1888. Due to a series of confusions with later observations by Herbert Howe and Max Wolf, who used larger telescopes and did not see the galaxy as a whole, the same object was included in Dreyer's later «Index Catalogue» with the designations IC 1380 for a single H-II region (Hubble-X) and IC 4895 for the whole group of H-II regions in the galaxy.
Like our Milky Way and the Andromeda galaxy, NGC 6822 belongs to the Local Group. At a distance of about 1.6 million light-years, it is closer than the Andromeda galaxy, but measures just 8000 light-years in diameter. Numerous H-II regions heated by young hot stars are evidence of active star formation. The stellar population is comparable to that of the Magellanic Clouds. The image in Fig. 1 was taken with four different filters (B, V, R, and Hα) and measures 34' x 35'. [4, 196, 274, 275]
Fig. 2 shows a Hubble Space Telescope image of the H-II region of the active star-forming region Hubble-X (IC 1308). This glowing cloud of gas is about 110 light-years across and hosts several thousand newly formed stars at its center. Hubble-X is many times larger and brighter than the Orion Nebula, which is about the size of the small, poorly resolved nebula below. The designation Hubble-X refers to Edwin's 1923 study of the H-II regions in this dwarf galaxy and is a Roman ten. 
|NGC 6822||19 44 56.6||-14 48 23||Gx (IBm)||9.3||8.7||15.40 × 14.2||vF, L, E, dif||IC 4895, MCG -2-50-6, DDO 209, IRAS 19421-1455, Barnard's galaxy|
|IC 1308||19 45 05.2||-14 43 17||GxyP||14.0||0.60||eF, eS, lE, gbM, 6822 p 12s||LBN 83, part of N 6822|
|IC 4895||19 44 56.6||-14 48 23||IBm||9.3||8.7||15.40 × 14.2||Group of neb, 25' diam||NGC 6822, MCG -2-50-6, DDO 209, IRAS 19421-1455, Barnard's galaxy|
Neighboring dwarf galaxy NGC 6822 is in the constellation Sagittarius, actually closer to Capricornus. It is slightly west of midpoint between α1/α2 Capricorni and υ Sagittarii. It is best seen from June to August. The apparent size of the dwarf galaxy and the low surface brightness assume a dark southern sky.