Planetary Nebula NGC 6818
This planetary nebula was discovered on August 8, 1787 by the German-British astronomer William Herschel using his 18.7 inch reflecting telescope. He cataloged it as IV 51 (class IV = planetary nebula). In his publication of 1789 he wrote: «A considerably brigth, small, beautiful planetary nebula; but considerably hazy on the edges, of a uniform light; 10 or 15" diameter, perfectly round. I shewed it to M. De la Lande.»  The nebula was added in 1888 by J. L. E. Dreyer as NGC 6818 to his famous catalogue. 
NGC 6818 is sometimes also referred to «Little Gem Nebula», a name which is also used for the planetary nebula NGC 6445.
NGC 6818 is located at a distance of about 6000 light-years and has a diameter of about 0.5 light-years. A fast wind from the hot central star is creating the elongated shape and in fact has caused a «blowout» at the two ends of the major axis. The planetary nebula has an outer spherical envelope, an inner brighter elongated bubble, and it shows a blowout orifice at one end of the major axis. [535, 536]
|Designations||PN G025.8-17.9: NGC 6818, PK 25-17.1, ARO 12, Sa 2-392, VV 241, VV' 511|
|Right Ascension (J2000.0)||19h 43m 58s|
|Declination (J2000.0)||-14° 09' 08"|
|Radial Velocity||-13.0 km/s ± 3.0 km/s|
|Expansion Velocity||27.6 km/s (O-III), 31. km/s (N-II)|
|C-Star Designations||AG82 381|
|C-Star Magnitude||16.90 mag (B filter)|
|C-Star Spectral Type||WNb ?|
The planetary nebula NGC 6818 is located about 40 arc minutes from dwarf galaxy NGC 6822 in the constellation Sagittarius, actually closer to Capricornus. It is best observed in the months from June to August.