Constellation Lepus (Hare)

Lepus
Lepus: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Lepus is located south of Orion, making it easy to find. It stands out in the night sky, especially in winter. The area is 290 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on December 13th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Leporis: Arneb
  • β Leporis: Nihal, Nibal
Data for constellation Lepus [150]
IAU NameLepus
IAU GenitiveLeporis
IAU Abbr.Lep
English NameHare
Season (47° N)October … February
Right Ascension4h 55m 03s … 6h 12m 52s
Declination-27° 16' 44" … -10° 48' 50"
Area290 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Ori, Eri, Cae, Col, CMi, Mon

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

Mythology and History

Lepus is a constellation that was already known to the ancient Greeks. It represents a hare that has cheekily laid down at the feet of the sky hunter Orion. A hare is associated with the moon in many legends: some see the familiar figure of the "man in the moon" as a hare or a rabbit. The hare was the symbol of speed, which was attributed to the Greek god of trade, Hermes. Perhaps Lepus is also another representation of this moon hare. In ancient Egypt, Lepus was Osiris's boat. The god Osiris was identified with the constellation Orion. [7, 21]

The Romans simply called the constellation Lepus, often adding Lepus auritus (The long-eared hare), Lepus levipes (The light-footed hare) and Lepus velox (The agile hare). The Arabs have adopted the classic image of the hare; one finds the names Alarnebet and Elarnebet. [20]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
1634105 02 44.9-22 47 425.75 K1IV
1654ε205 05 27.7-22 22 163.19 K5III v
1696ι305 12 17.9-11 52 094.45 B8V 6.312.7
1702μ505 12 55.9-16 12 203.31 B9IIIpHgMn
1705κ405 13 13.9-12 56 294.36 B9V 2.72.6
1756λ605 19 34.5-13 10 364.29 B0.5IV
1757ν705 19 59.1-12 18 565.30 B7IVnn
1783805 23 30.2-13 55 385.25 B2IV
1829β905 28 14.7-20 45 342.84 G5II 4.52.6
18491005 31 07.6-20 51 495.55 A0V
1865α1105 32 43.8-17 49 202.58 F0Ib 8.535.8
19681205 42 13.9-22 22 255.87 A2
1983γ1305 44 27.8-22 26 543.60 F6V 2.596.5
1998ζ1405 46 57.3-14 49 193.55 A3Vn
2035δ1505 51 19.3-20 52 453.81 K0IIIFe-1.5CH0.5
2085η1605 56 24.3-14 10 043.71 F1III
21481706 04 59.1-16 29 044.93 A2eShell v
2155θ1806 06 09.3-14 56 074.67 A1Vn
21681906 07 41.6-19 09 575.31 M2III

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue», Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
NameRADecTypeBmagVmagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification
NGC 1710 04 57 16.8-15 17 20Gx (E-S0)13.712.71.30 × 1.0vF, vS, R, bMN, * 13 invIC 2108, MCG -3-13-37
NGC 1716 04 58 13.2-20 21 48Gx (SBbc)13.913.11.40 × 1.2pF, pL, R, glbMESO 552-34, MCG -3-13-38, IRAS 04560-2026
NGC 1730 04 59 31.7-15 49 24Gx (SBa)13.212.32.30 × 1.0F, pS, lE, bet 2 F st (O St D, Δ 10")IC 2113, MCG -3-13-43, IRAS 04573-1553
NGC 1738 05 01 46.5-18 09 27Gx (SBbc)13.712.91.30 × 0.7vF, S, E 45°ESO 552-49, MCG -3-13-54, IRAS 04595-1813
NGC 1739 05 01 47.3-18 10 02Gx (Sbc)14.313.51.40 × 0.8eF, vS, lE, in field with lastESO 552-50, MCG -3-13-55
NGC 1744 04 59 57.6-26 01 22Gx (SBcd)11.611.17.40 × 3.5F, vL, vmE, vgvlbMESO 486-5, MCG -4-12-29, IRAS 04579-2605
NGC 1780 05 06 20.7-19 28 01Gx (SB0)14.713.70.90 × 0.5eF, eS, gbMESO 553-1, ESO 552-71, MCG -3-13-70
NGC 1781 05 07 55.1-18 11 24Gx (SB0)13.612.61.30 × 1.1eF, vS, stellarNGC 1794, ESO 553-7, MCG -3-14-2, IRAS 05057-1815
NGC 1784 05 05 27.1-11 52 16Gx (SBc)12.411.74.10 × 2.6pB, pL, vlE, vgbM, am stMCG -2-13-42, IRAS 05030-1156
NGC 1794 05 07 55.1-18 11 24SB013.612.61.30 × 1.1vF, eS, gbM (? = III 268)NGC 1781, ESO 553-7, MCG -3-14-2, IRAS 05057-1815
NGC 1821 05 11 46.0-15 08 04Gx (IBm)13.913.31.20 × 0.8vF, vS, lEMCG -3-14-7, IRAS 05095-1511
NGC 1832 05 12 03.0-15 41 20Gx (SBbc)12.011.32.60 × 1.7pB, iR, mbM, c * nf 1'MCG -3-14-10, IRAS 05098-1544
NGC 1886 05 21 48.2-23 48 36Gx (Sbc)13.512.73.10 × 0.4vF, pL, E 240°, * 8 sp 40"ESO 487-2, MCG -4-13-13, FGCE 485, AM 0519-235, IRAS 05197-2351
NGC 1888 05 22 34.4-11 30 01Gx (SBc/P)12.811.93.00 × 0.8pB, pL, R, rMCG -2-14-13, Arp 123, IRAS 05202-1132
NGC 1889 05 22 35.3-11 29 49Gx (E3)14.113.10.60 × 0.4Makes a close D neb with h 352MCG -2-14-14, Arp 123
NGC 1904 05 24 10.6-24 31 25GCL (V)7.79.60globular, pL, eRi, eC, rrrM 79, ESO 487-SC7, GCL 10
NGC 1906 05 24 47.1-15 56 34Gx (Scd)14.313.60.90 × 0.5eF, pS, E 0°, glbMMCG -3-14-15, IRAS 05224-1559
NGC 1954 05 32 48.3-14 03 44Gx (Sbc)12.411.84.20 × 2.0vF, S, R, smbMMCG -2-15-3, NPM1G -14.0248, IRAS 05305-1405
NGC 1957 05 32 55.1-14 07 57Gx (E3)14.913.91.10 × 0.8eF, pS, R, bMN, * 15 invNPM1G -14.0249
NGC 1964 05 33 21.8-21 56 43Gx (SBb)11.610.85.60 × 1.8F, vS, R, vsvmbM * 12, 3 st invESO 554-10, MCG -4-14-3, IRAS 05312-2158
NGC 1979 05 34 01.1-23 18 37Gx (E-S0)12.911.91.80 × 1.8vF, vS, stellarESO 487-24, MCG -4-14-4, AM 0531-232
NGC 1993 05 35 25.4-17 48 54Gx (E-S0)13.412.41.50 × 1.4eF, vS, stellarESO 554-14, MCG -3-15-3
NGC 2017 05 39 16.2-17 50 59*Grp4.00Cl of L stESO 554-**22
NGC 2073 05 45 53.8-21 59 57Gx (E-S0)13.512.51.50 × 1.4eF, vS, R, gbMESO 554-31, MCG -4-14-24
NGC 2076 05 46 47.4-16 46 58Gx (S0-a)14.013.02.20 × 1.3vF, pS, iE, bMMCG -3-15-12, IRAS 05445-1648
NGC 2089 05 47 51.3-17 36 10Gx (E/SB0)13.012.01.90 × 1.2vF, eS, stellarESO 554-36, MCG -3-15-16, IRAS 05456-1738
NGC 2106 05 50 46.3-21 34 01Gx (SB0)13.112.12.70 × 1.4vF, S, vlE, gbMESO 555-3, MCG -4-14-40
NGC 2124 05 57 52.3-20 05 06Gx (Sb)13.012.22.70 × 0.9eeF, pS, E, rESO 555-16, MCG -3-16-3, IRAS 05557-2005
NGC 2131 05 58 47.2-26 39 11Gx (IBm)14.614.01.10 × 0.5vF, pS, R, gbMESO 488-50
NGC 2139 06 01 08.0-23 40 22Gx (SBc)12.011.62.40 × 1.9F, SIC 2154, ESO 488-54, MCG -4-15-5, AM 0559-234, IRAS 05590-2340
NGC 2179 06 08 02.1-21 44 46Gx (SB0-a)13.212.31.10 × 0.9F, pS, vmE, glbMESO 555-38, MCG -4-15-11, IRAS 06059-2144
NGC 2196 06 12 09.6-21 48 22Gx (Sa)11.811.02.80 × 2.2pF, pS, vlE, pmbM, st nrESO 556-4, MCG -4-15-14, UGCA 121, IRAS 06100-2147
IC 400 05 03 45.6-15 49 10Gx (S)16.015.21.00 × 0.2eF, eS
IC 407 05 17 42.6-15 31 24Gx (Sc)14.213.52.20 × 0.5F, lE nsMCG -3-14-13, IRAS 05154-1534
IC 408 05 19 44.7-25 03 52Gx (SB0)13.312.31.90 × 1.1vF, pS, E, * 8.5 south 5'IC 2121, ESO 486-53, AM 0517-250
IC 411 05 20 18.5-25 19 28Gx (S0)14.013.01.20 × 0.9vF, vS, R, 2 others in fieldESO 486-56, MCG -4-13-11
IC 415 05 21 21.5-15 32 32Gx (S)15.815.00.60 × 0.4vF, vS, R, dif
IC 416 05 23 56.4-17 15 37Gx (SBc)14.013.31.40 × 0.7F, S, gbMMCG -3-14-14, IRAS 05217-1718
IC 418 05 27 28.3-12 41 48PN10.79.30.20Planentary = * 9.2 (gaseous sp)PK 215-24.1, CS=9.6
IC 422 05 32 18.5-17 13 26Gx (E0)14.313.30.70 × 0.7pB, vS, R, sbMIC 2131, MCG -3-15-1, IRAS 05301-1715
IC 433 05 40 31.1-11 39 55Gx (E-S0)14.213.20.70 × 0.7F, S, dif, gbMMCG -2-15-8
IC 437 05 51 37.3-12 33 52Gx (S)15.314.50.90 × 0.4vF, vS, R, difNPM1G -12.0208, IRAS 05493-1234
IC 438 05 53 00.0-17 52 33Gx (SBc)12.611.92.80 × 2.2eeF, pS, E ns, 2 st pESO 555-9, MCG -3-15-25, UGCA 115, IRAS 05508-1753
IC 441 06 02 42.7-12 29 59Gx (SBc)14.413.71.40 × 1.2eF, vS, diffic, vF * closeMCG -2-16-1
IC 2104 04 56 18.9-15 47 52Gx (SBbc)13.813.02.50 × 1.1F, E, gbMMCG -3-13-34, IRAS 04540-1552
IC 2108 04 57 16.8-15 17 20E-S013.712.71.30 × 1.0vF, pS, R, mbM, * 9.5 sf 1'.3NGC 1710, MCG -3-13-37
IC 2113 04 59 31.7-15 49 24SBa13.212.32.30 × 1.0no descrNGC 1730, MCG -3-13-43, IRAS 04573-1553
IC 2119 05 06 50.9-20 20 45Gx (Sb)14.413.61.10 × 0.7eeF, pS, v diffic, 2 st 12.5 nrESO 553-5, MCG -3-13-73
IC 2121 05 19 44.7-25 03 52SB013.312.31.90 × 1.1eef, S, R, v diffic, * 7 p 14s, 3'.6 sIC 408, ESO 486-53, AM 0517-250
IC 2125 05 24 28.1-27 00 57Gx (S0)14.313.31.00 × 0.7eeF, vS, R, v difficESO 487-8
IC 2129 05 31 16.1-23 03 46NFeeF, pS, R, * 7 ssf
IC 2130 05 31 50.3-23 08 44Gx (SBd)13.713.11.80 × 0.9eF, pL, R, * 7.5 nfESO 487-19, MCG -4-14-2
IC 2131 05 32 18.5-17 13 26E014.313.30.70 × 0.7pB, vS, RIC 422, MCG -3-15-1, IRAS 05301-1715
IC 2132 05 32 28.6-13 55 36Gx (Sa)14.213.31.50 × 0.8vF, SMCG -2-15-2, IRAS 05301-1357
IC 2137 05 34 21.5-23 32 00Gx (Sab)13.813.01.20 × 0.8eF, vS, R, * 8 f 10s, III 240 nrIC 2138, ESO 487-27, MCG -4-14-6
IC 2138 05 34 21.5-23 32 00Sab13.813.01.20 × 0.8eF, S, 2 st inv ½' apart, * 7 pIC 2137, ESO 487-27, MCG -4-14-6
IC 2139 05 35 15.2-17 56 02*3Cl, vvS (12"), looks nebsESO 554-*A14
IC 2143 05 46 52.4-18 43 33Gx (SBb)13.312.52.00 × 0.8eF, pS, vmE 45°, 3 st sfESO 554-34, MCG -3-15-13, IRAS 05447-1844
IC 2151 05 52 36.8-17 47 15Gx (SBbc)14.113.31.50 × 0.9eF, pS, nr I.C. 438ESO 555-8, MCG -3-15-24, IRAS 05504-1747
IC 2152 05 57 53.3-23 10 50Gx (SBa)13.512.61.70 × 1.2pB, pS, R, sev B st fESO 488-47, MCG -4-15-1, AM 0555-231, IRAS 05559-2311
IC 2154 06 01 08.0-23 40 22SBc12.011.62.40 × 1.9pF, pS, R, * nf, 2 st np, prop. = II 264NGC 2139, ESO 488-54, MCG -4-15-5, AM 0559-234, IRAS 05590-2340

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
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150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)