Constellation Piscis Austrinus (Southern Fish)

Piscis Austrinus
Piscis Austrinus: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Piscis Austrinus is located south of Aquarius. The most striking feature is the bright star formal skin, otherwise it does not have a particularly distinctive shape. A zigzag line of stars flows from the jug of Aquarius in the direction of the formal skin. The area of the constellation is 245 degrees and the center culminates around midnight on August 25th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α PsA: Fomalhaut, Os Piscis Meridiani, Os Piscis Notii, Difda Al Auwel, The "First Frog
Data for constellation Piscis Austrinus [150]
IAU NamePiscis Austrinus
IAU GenitivePiscis Austrini
IAU Abbr.PsA
English NameSouthern Fish
Season (47° N)July … October
Right Ascension21h 27m 14s … 23h 06m 55s
Declination-36° 27' 33" … -24° 49' 30"
Area245 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Aqr, Cap, Mic, Gru, Scl

Mythology and History

The old constellation, sometimes also called Piscis Australis or Pisces Australis, was often depicted as a fish standing on the water stream of the neighboring Aquarius refreshes - actually strange, since fish don't drink water. The southern fish belongs together with Aquarius, Capricornus and Cetus on the constellations associated with water. He is associated with the Babylonian fish god Oannes and is considered the ancestor of the ecliptic fish. In ancient Greece and Rome, the cult of the Egyptian goddess Isis spread. The name is related to the legend according to which the goddess was saved from drowning by a fish. [7, 21, 64]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
8214521 29 03.8-31 14 196.50 A0
8230621 32 14.6-33 56 415.97 A2IV v7.36.8
8253821 36 11.0-26 10 175.73 A7/8IV 8.218.4
8256721 36 48.9-33 02 536.11 A7Vn
8305ι921 44 56.8-33 01 334.34 A0V 7.020.
8326θ1021 47 44.2-30 53 545.01 A2V 0.10.1
8386η1222 00 50.2-28 27 135.42 B8V e1.01.9
84051322 04 23.9-29 55 006.47 K5III
8431μ1422 08 23.0-32 59 194.50 A2V
8433υ22 08 26.0-34 02 384.99 M1III
8447τ1522 10 08.8-32 32 544.92 F6V
8478λ1622 14 18.8-27 46 015.43 B8III
8570ζ22 30 53.7-26 04 256.43 K1III
8576β1722 31 30.3-32 20 464.29 A0V 3.530.3
8628ε1822 40 39.4-27 02 374.17 B8V e
86371922 42 22.1-29 21 396.17 M5III
86932122 51 20.9-29 32 105.97 G8/K0III
8695γ2222 52 31.6-32 52 324.46 A0III* 3.64.2
8720δ2322 55 56.9-32 32 234.21 G8III 5.05.2
8728α2422 57 39.1-29 37 201.16 A3V
8767π23 03 29.8-34 44 585.11 F0V+F3V

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 710921 41 58.5-34 26 46E014.313.30.7 × 0.7eF, vS, am stESO 403-15, MCG -6-47-11, VV 376
NGC 711021 42 12.0-34 09 46SBb14.013.21.3 × 0.6F, S, R, bMESO 403-16, MCG -6-47-12
NGC 711521 43 39.2-25 21 04Sb14.213.41.7 × 0.4vF, pS, mE 90°, com, 2 st invESO 531-25, MCG -4-51-11, VV 800, IRAS 21407-2535
NGC 713021 48 19.3-34 57 10Sa13.012.11.6 × 1.5pB, S, R, glbMIC 5135, ESO 403-32, MCG -6-47-15, AM 2145-351, IRAS 21453-3511
NGC 713521 49 46.0-34 52 34E-S012.711.72.1 × 1.8pB, pL, R, vgbM, * 14 att pESO 403-35, MCG -6-48-1, AM 2146-350
NGC 715221 53 59.0-29 17 21SBb14.413.61.2 × 0.6eeF, vS (Lassell not found)ESO 466-13, MCG -5-51-20
NGC 715321 54 35.3-29 03 50Sb14.013.21.9 × 0.3eF, S, E or has eF * nrESO 466-16, MCG -5-51-22
NGC 715421 55 21.1-34 48 50SBm12.912.42.2 × 1.8B, pL, iR, glbM, rESO 404-8, MCG -6-48-5, IRAS 21523-3503
NGC 715721 56 56.7-25 21 03SBa14.914.01.1 × 0.5vF, vS, R, sbMN, B D * p 8sESO 532-3, MCG -4-51-15, AM 2154-253
NGC 716321 59 20.3-31 53 01SBab14.513.31.9 × 1.1F, pL, vlE, vglbMESO 466-30, MCG -5-51-35, IRAS 21564-3207
NGC 717222 02 01.7-31 52 12Sa12.911.92.4 × 1.3pB, pL, lE, gbM, 1st of 4ESO 466-38, MCG -5-52-7, HCG 90A, AM 2159-320, IRAS 21591-3206
NGC 717322 02 03.1-31 58 23E313.012.01.2 × 0.9cB, cS, R, sbM *, 2nd of 4ESO 466-39, MCG -5-52-8, UGCA 422, VV 698, HCG 90C, AM 2159-321
NGC 717422 02 05.9-31 59 33Sab14.213.32.3 × 1.2cF, S, R, p of D neb, 3rd of 4ESO 466-40, MCG -5-52-10, VV 698, IRAS 21592-3214, HCG 90D, AM 2159-321
NGC 717622 02 08.2-31 59 26E012.511.40.8 × 0.8B, pL, R, f of D neb, 4th of 4ESO 466-41, MCG -5-52-11, UGCA 423, VV 698, HCG 90B
NGC 717822 02 25.1-35 47 27SBb14.914.11.1 × 0.5eF, S, R, * 8 s 2'ESO 404-22, MCG -6-48-16
NGC 718722 02 44.4-32 48 12S013.512.51.3 × 1.2pF, pS, R, lbMESO 404-24, MCG -6-48-18, AM 2159-330
NGC 720122 06 32.0-31 15 50Sa13.812.91.6 × 0.5F, R, gbM, 1st of 4ESO 467-4, MCG -5-52-26, IRAS 22036-3130
NGC 720322 06 43.8-31 09 48SB0-a13.612.71.6 × 0.9cF, R, stellar, 3rd of 4ESO 467-7, MCG -5-52-27
NGC 7204 A22 06 53.1-31 03 00S0-a14.513.61.6 × 0.8pB, L, lE, gbM, 4th of 4ESO 467-8, MCG -5-52-29, VV 685, AM 2204-311, IRAS 22040-3117
NGC 7204 B22 06 55.0-31 03 13SBab15.014.21.1 × 0.6pB, L, lE, gbM, 4th of 4ESO 467-8A, MCG -5-52-29, VV 685, AM 2204-311
NGC 720822 08 24.7-29 03 05SB014.113.10.9 × 0.6vF, vS, R, almost planetaryESO 467-10, MCG -5-52-32, AM 2205-291, IRAS 22055-2917
NGC 721422 09 07.6-27 48 35SBc/P13.312.72.2 × 1.4globular, pL, iR, rrESO 467-12, MCG -5-52-34, VV 700, IRAS 22062-2803, HCG 91A, AM 2206-280
NGC 722122 11 15.1-30 33 48SBbc12.812.12 × 1.6F, S, R, gbM, r, 2 vS st nrESO 467-18, MCG -5-52-43, AM 2208-304, IRAS 22083-3048
NGC 722522 13 07.8-26 08 54S0-a/P13.212.32 × 1pF, S, lE, bMESO 532-33, MCG -4-52-23, AM 2210-262, IRAS 22103-2623
NGC 722922 14 03.3-29 23 00SBc13.112.51.8 × 1.5F, pL, R, vglbMESO 467-24, MCG -5-52-51, IRAS 22112-2937
NGC 725822 22 58.1-28 20 43Sb14.013.21.4 × 0.6vF, S, E, glbM, ? biNESO 467-49, MCG -5-52-68, IRAS 22201-2836
NGC 725922 23 05.6-28 57 16Sb13.913.11.1 × 0.9eF, pL, R, vlbMESO 467-50, MCG -5-52-69, AM 2220-291
NGC 726222 23 28.4-32 21 53S015.114.10.8 × 0.7eF, S, R, lbMESO 405-17
NGC 726722 24 21.5-33 41 36SBa12.912.21.6 × 1.4cB, pS, vlE, glbM, B *** spESO 405-18, MCG -6-49-3, IRAS 22214-3356
NGC 726822 25 40.6-31 12 04SB014.213.21.1 × 0.6F, cS, vlE, p of 2ESO 467-57, MCG -5-53-1, AM 2222-312
NGC 7268 A22 25 42.2-31 12 01E515.514.51.1 × 0.6F, cS, vlE, p of 2ESO 467-57A, MCG -5-53-2, PGC 68839
NGC 727722 26 10.9-31 08 45Sb14.113.31.5 × 0.6F, cS, vlE, f of 2ESO 467-59, MCG -5-53-4, IRAS 22233-3123
NGC 727922 27 12.6-35 08 24SBc14.313.81.2 × 0.8vF, pS, R, vgvlbMESO 405-21, MCG -6-49-5, IRAS 22243-3523
NGC 728922 29 20.1-35 28 19S014.113.11.3 × 1vF, S, R, gbMESO 405-23, MCG -6-49-6
NGC 729422 32 07.8-25 23 53SB013.512.52 × 1.2vF, vS, RIC 5225, ESO 533-44, MCG -4-53-9, AM 2229-253
NGC 730622 33 16.4-27 14 45Sb13.712.91.7 × 0.7vF, S, lE, * 11 pESO 468-11, MCG -5-53-14, VV 832, IRAS 22304-2730
NGC 731322 35 32.4-26 06 07SBb15.214.40.7 × 0.5eF, EESO 533-52
NGC 731422 35 45.9-26 03 01SBbc11.611.04.6 × 2cF, L, mE 0°, vlbMESO 533-53, MCG -4-53-18, Arp 14, AM 2233-261, IRAS 22330-2618
NGC 736122 42 17.9-30 03 27Sc12.712.33.9 × 1F, pL, vmE 0°, vgvlbMIC 5237, ESO 468-23, MCG -5-53-27, IRAS 22395-3019, UGCA 434, AM 2239-301
IC 513121 47 25.3-34 53 04E/SB013.312.31 × 1vF, vS, RESO 403-27, MCG -6-47-14, AM 2144-350
IC 513921 50 25.6-30 59 42E/SB013.312.32.1 × 1vF, S, lEESO 466-11, MCG -5-51-17, IRAS 21474-3113
IC 514921 58 58.9-27 24 52Sa14.513.61.2 × 0.5eF, S, R, * 6.5 f 63s on parESO 466-27, MCG -5-51-33, AM 2155-273
IC 515622 03 14.5-33 50 13SBab13.012.22.2 × 0.8pF, pS, RESO 404-25, MCG -6-48-19, IRAS 22003-3404
IC 515722 03 27.0-34 56 29E013.012.01.3 × 1.3pB, pS, R, 3 st in line nfESO 404-26, MCG -6-48-20
IC 516822 08 45.5-27 51 24SBc15.514.81.3 × 0.3eeF, vS, mE, Δ 2 F stESO 467-11, MCG -5-52-33
IC 516922 10 10.0-36 05 20SB0-a13.812.91.9 × 0.5eF, eS, stell N, spir or ovalESO 404-36, MCG -6-48-25, IRAS 22072-3620
IC 521422 22 43.4-27 21 20Sc15.114.41 × 0.2eF, pS, R, * 8 pMCG -5-52-67, ESO 467-47, IRAS 22199-2736
IC 522622 32 30.0-25 39 44SBc13.512.62.6 × 2.4eeF, pL, RESO 533-45, MCG -4-53-10, IRAS 22297-2555
IC 5262 122 55 20.5-33 53 17S0-a14.313.41.3 × 0.8eeF, pS, R, v difficESO 406-20, MCG -6-50-9, IRAS 22525-3409
IC 5262 222 55 22.3-33 53 41S015.214.20.5 × 0.4eeF, pS, R, v difficMCG -6-50-10, AM 2252-340
IC 526922 57 43.4-36 01 36SB013.212.21.7 × 0.8vF, pS, R, np of 2ESO 406-32, MCG -6-50-17
IC 5269 B22 56 36.5-36 15 00SBc13.212.44 × 0.7vF, pS, R, np of 2ESO 406-26, MCG -6-50-12
IC 5269 C23 00 48.2-35 22 11SBcd14.213.52.1 × 0.9vF, pS, R, np of 2ESO 406-41, MCG -6-50-23, AM 2258-353
IC 527022 57 55.0-35 51 28SBc12.912.23.2 × 0.6vF, pS, mE, sf of 2ESO 406-33, MCG -6-50-18, IRAS 22551-3607
IC 527122 58 01.6-33 44 32Sb11.610.82.6 × 0.9pF, pS, mE 145°, cbMESO 406-34, MCG -6-50-19, IRAS 22552-3400

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
21«Taschenatlas der Sternbilder» von Josef Klepesta und Antonin Rükl; Verlag Werner Dausien; ISBN 3-7684-2384-0
64Eye On The Sky: Piscis Austrinus by Deborah Byrd; Astronomy 9/93, p.48
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)