Constellation Grus (Crane)

Grus
Grus: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

The constellation is south of Piscis Austrinus. Only the northern parts of the constellation can be observed from Central Europe. The most striking feature is a curved star line which is concave to the star Al Nair (α Gruis). The area of the constellation is 366 square and the center culminates around midnight on August 29th. The northernmost part then makes it into Central Europe just above the southern horizon. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Gru: Alnair, Al Nair
Data for constellation Grus [150]
IAU NameGrus
IAU GenitiveGruis
IAU Abbr.Gru
English NameCrane
Season (47° N)August … September
Right Ascension21h 27m 43s … 23h 27m 04s
Declination-56° 23' 27" … -36° 18' 46"
Area366 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)PsA, Mic, Ind, Tuc, Phe, Scl

History

The constellation was introduced in 1603 by Johann Bayer in his Uranometria. It represents a water bird, usually a crane, but is also seen by some as a flamingo. [7]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
8229ξ21 32 05.9-41 10 455.29 K0III
8353γ21 53 55.7-37 21 543.01 B8III
8411λ22 06 06.9-39 32 364.46 K3III
8425α22 08 14.0-46 57 401.74 B7IV e10.128.4
8486μ122 15 36.9-41 20 484.79 G8III+G
8488μ222 16 26.6-41 37 395.10 G8III
8521π122 22 43.9-45 56 526.62 S5,7e 4.32.7
8524π222 23 08.0-45 55 435.62 F3III-IV 5.44.9
8552ν22 28 39.2-39 07 555.47 G9III 7.027.3
8556δ122 29 16.2-43 29 443.97 G6-8III 8.85.6
8560δ222 29 45.5-43 44 584.11 M4.5IIIa 4.760.6
8600σ122 36 29.3-40 34 586.28 A3Vn
8602σ222 36 58.8-40 35 285.86 A1V 5.22.8
8636β22 42 40.1-46 53 052.10 M5III
8644ρ22 43 30.0-41 24 524.85 K0III 9.114.2
8655η22 45 37.9-53 30 014.85 K2IIICNIV 6.624.4
8675ε22 48 33.3-51 19 013.49 A3V
8700τ122 53 37.9-48 35 536.04 G0V
8722τ322 56 47.8-47 58 095.70 Am
8747ζ23 00 52.8-52 45 154.12 G8-K0III
8774κ23 04 39.6-53 57 545.37 K5III
8787θ23 06 52.8-43 31 144.28 F5mDel Del 2.51.2
8790υ23 06 53.6-38 53 325.61 A1V 2.31.1
8820ι23 10 21.6-45 14 483.90 K1III
8859φ23 18 09.9-40 49 285.53 F5V
8907ο23 26 36.6-52 43 185.52 F4V

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
IC 515021 59 35.1-39 23 06PN12.911.02.2pB, pL, annularIC 5148, PK 2-52.1, ESO 344-PN5, AM 2156-393
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 707021 30 25.2-43 05 12SBc12.812.32.4 × 1.9F, cL, lE, gvlbMESO 287-28, MCG -7-44-16, AM 2127-431, IRAS 21272-4318
NGC 7070 A21 31 47.0-42 50 49S0-a13.312.31.7 × 1.6F, cL, lE, gvlbMESO 287-34, MCG -7-44-21, AM 2128-34
NGC 707221 30 37.0-43 09 09SBcd14.213.50.9 × 0.7F, S, R, vglbM, f of 2ESO 287-31, MCG -7-44-18, IRAS 21273-4322
NGC 7072 A21 30 25.6-43 12 08SBc14.313.90.8 × 0.6F, S, R, vglbM, f of 2ESO 287-29, MCG -7-44-17
NGC 707521 31 32.9-38 37 05E313.812.71.2 × 0.9cF, cS, R, pgbMESO 343-4, MCG -7-44-20, AM 2128-385
NGC 707921 32 35.0-44 04 03SB012.511.62 × 1.2B, R, cS, psbMESO 287-36, MCG -7-44-22, AM 2129-441
NGC 708721 34 33.4-40 49 06Sab13.713.01.1 × 0.6cF, S, R, gbMESO 343-8, MCG -7-44-25, AM 2131-410, IRAS 21314-4102
NGC 709121 34 07.7-36 39 14SBd13.212.62.1 × 1.7eF, pL, vgbM, * 6 f 40sIC 5114, MCG -6-47-7, ESO 403-8
NGC 709721 40 12.8-42 32 21E512.611.71.8 × 1.2B, S, vlE, mbMESO 287-48, MCG -7-44-29, AM 2137-424
NGC 7097 A21 40 37.9-42 28 49E315.114.30.6 × 0.4B, S, vlE, mbMESO 287-49, MCG -7-44-30
NGC 710721 42 26.5-44 47 31SBdm13.212.62.1 × 1.5vF, cL, R, vglbMESO 287-52, AM 2139-450, IRAS 21392-4501
NGC 711721 45 47.0-48 25 16E-S013.812.81.4 × 0.8F, S, R, glbM, p of 2ESO 236-40, AM 2142-483
NGC 711821 46 09.8-48 21 12E-S013.512.61.4 × 1.1F, S, R, glbM, f of 2ESO 236-45, AM 2142-483
NGC 7119 A21 46 15.7-46 30 56SBbc13.612.81.2 × 0.9F, S, R, gbMESO 288-2, AM 2143-464
NGC 7119 B21 46 14.9-46 31 11Sc13.713.00.6 × 0.3F, S, R, gbMESO 288-1, AM 2143-464, IRAS 21430-4644
NGC 714421 52 42.6-48 15 17E011.710.83.7 × 3.6vB, pS, R, mbMNESO 237-11
NGC 714521 53 20.5-47 52 57E112.011.22.5 × 2.3B, S, R, in Δ of st 13ESO 237-13
NGC 716221 59 38.8-43 18 16Sc13.312.72.8 × 1cF, cL, cE, glbMESO 288-26, MCG -7-45-3, AM 2156-433, IRAS 21565-4332
NGC 7162 A22 00 35.7-43 08 30SBm13.312.52.6 × 2.2cF, cL, cE, glbMESO 288-28, MCG -7-45-5, AM 2157-432
NGC 716622 00 32.7-43 23 24E-S012.911.92.4 × 0.9cB, S, vlE, smbMNESO 288-27, MCG -7-45-4, AM 2157-433
NGC 716922 02 48.7-47 41 51E/SB014.613.61 × 0.5eF, S, R, * 8 npESO 237-28
NGC 721322 09 16.2-47 10 01Sa11.010.13.1 × 2.8vB, pS, R, gbMESO 288-43, AM 2206-472, IRAS 22061-4724
NGC 723222 15 37.6-45 51 01SBa13.012.02.6 × 1pB, S, pmE, psbM, p of 2ESO 289-7, AM 2212-460
NGC 7232 A22 13 41.1-45 53 37SBab14.013.02.1 × 0.4pB, S, pmE, psbM, p of 2ESO 289-3, IRAS 22105-4608
NGC 7232 B22 15 52.4-45 46 50SBm13.913.61.6 × 1.5pB, S, pmE, psbM, p of 2ESO 289-9
NGC 723322 15 49.0-45 50 47SB0-a13.112.51.7 × 1.3F, vS, R, * 8 f, f of 2ESO 289-8, AM 2212-460, IRAS 22127-4605
NGC 724922 20 30.9-55 07 29S014.413.41.1 × 0.8eeF, R, doubtful objectESO 190-1
NGC 729722 31 10.2-37 49 37Sbc14.013.20.9 × 0.6eF, S, R, p of 2ESO 345-18, MCG -6-49-7, IRAS 22282-3804
NGC 729922 31 33.0-37 48 35SBc14.814.10.7 × 0.7eF, S, R, f of 2ESO 345-19, MCG -6-49-8, AM 2228-380
NGC 730722 33 52.4-40 56 05SBc/P12.912.63.4 × 1F, pL, pmEESO 345-26, MCG -7-46-3, IRAS 22309-4111
NGC 732222 37 51.4-37 13 53S0-a14.513.60.9 × 0.6vF, S, vlE, gbMNGC 7334, ESO 405-33, MCG -6-49-10
NGC 735522 43 30.4-36 51 55Sb15.114.31 × 0.4eeF, S, R, D * f 40sESO 406-6
NGC 736822 45 31.4-39 20 31SBb12.812.02.9 × 0.6F, cS, lE, glbMESO 345-49, MCG -7-46-10, IRAS 22426-3936
NGC 738222 50 23.8-36 51 25Sa14.213.31.2 × 0.4eF, vS, R, * 12 att npESO 406-15, MCG -6-50-5, IRAS 22476-3707
NGC 740022 54 20.8-45 20 50Sbc13.712.92.7 × 0.5pF, lE, glbM, vS * invESO 290-22, AM 2251-453, IRAS 22514-4536
NGC 740422 54 18.6-39 18 53E/SB013.712.81.5 × 0.8vF, S, RIC 5260, ESO 346-10, MCG -7-47-1
NGC 741022 55 00.6-39 39 44SBa11.210.35.2 × 1.6cB, L, vmE 43°, mbMESO 346-12, MCG -7-47-2, IRAS 22522-3955
NGC 741222 55 46.1-42 38 29SBb11.911.43.8 × 2.8eF, vL, * 7 nfESO 290-24, MCG -7-47-4, AM 2252-425, IRAS 22529-4254
NGC 7412 A22 57 07.0-42 48 18SBd14.513.93.5 × 0.5eF, vL, * 7 nfESO 290-28, FGCE 1793
NGC 741822 56 35.9-37 01 44SBc11.811.13.5 × 2.6cB, vL, vlE, vglbMESO 406-25, MCG -6-50-13, IRAS 22538-3717
NGC 7418 A22 56 41.2-36 46 22Scd13.813.13.5 × 1.8cB, vL, vlE, vglbMESO 406-27, MCG -6-50-11B
NGC 742122 56 54.6-37 20 42SBbc12.611.92 × 1.9cB, L, vlE, gpmbM, rrESO 346-17, MCG -6-50-15, AM 2254-373, IRAS 22541-3736
NGC 742422 57 18.4-41 04 15SBc11.010.59.5 × 8.1F, cL, vlE, vgmbMESO 346-19, MCG -7-47-8, IRAS 22544-4120
NGC 745623 02 10.1-39 34 09Sc12.411.85.5 × 1.6vF, L, mE 34°, vglbMESO 346-26, MCG -7-47-11, IRAS 22594-3950
NGC 746223 02 46.2-40 50 08SBbc12.211.44.3 × 0.8cF, pS, vmE 5° ±, * 11 npESO 346-28, MCG -7-47-13, IRAS 23000-4105
NGC 747023 05 13.9-50 06 42Sbc14.813.91.4 × 0.9eF, pL, R, glbM, * 11 npESO 239-9, IRAS 23023-5023
NGC 747623 05 12.0-43 05 53SBab13.612.81.4 × 1F, S, R, Δ with 2 st 7ESO 290-45, MCG -7-47-15, IRAS 23023-4322
NGC 749623 09 46.9-43 25 39SBb12.211.43.3 × 3.1pB, cL, lE, vgbM * 13ESO 291-1, MCG -7-47-20, VV 771, IRAS 23069-4341
NGC 7496 A23 12 23.4-43 46 43SBm14.614.01.4 × 0.7pB, cL, lE, vgbM * 13ESO 291-7, AM 2309-440, KDWG 274
NGC 7496 B23 12 21.0-43 46 39S16.015.20.4 × 0.2pB, cL, lE, vgbM * 13ESO 291-7, AM 2309-440
NGC 753123 14 48.4-43 35 56Sbc12.011.34.5 × 1.7pB, S, lE, pgbMESO 291-10, MCG -7-47-25, IRAS 23120-4352
NGC 754523 15 32.3-38 32 06SBb13.913.11.1 × 0.7F, S, vlE, vgvlbM, * 10 attESO 347-4, MCG -7-47-26, AM 2312-384, IRAS 23127-3848
NGC 755223 16 10.6-42 35 05SBab11.310.63.4 × 2.7B, S, mE 90° ±, vsbM * 13IC 5294, ESO 291-12, MCG -7-47-28, IRAS 23134-4251, VV 440, Grus quartet
NGC 758223 18 23.5-42 22 11SBab11.410.65 × 2.3pB, L, pmE, gbMESO 291-16, MCG -7-47-29, AM 2315-423, IRAS 23156-4238, Grus quartet
NGC 759023 18 54.6-42 14 21Sbc12.111.52.6 × 1pB, pL, pmE, gbM, p of 2ESO 347-33, MCG -7-47-30, IRAS 23161-4230, Grus quartet
NGC 759923 19 20.8-42 15 29SBc12.111.54.4 × 1.4F, pL, pmE, gbM, f of 2IC 5308, ESO 347-34, MCG -7-47-33, IRAS 23166-4231, Grus quartet
NGC 763223 22 00.9-42 28 49SB013.012.12.4 × 1.2F, S, R, lbMIC 5313, ESO 291-21, MCG -7-47-35, AM 2319-424, IRAS 23192-4245
NGC 7658 A23 26 24.6-39 12 57S015.314.30.6 × 0.2D, both eF, S, R, 4 st pESO 347-15, MCG -7-48-2, AM 2323-392
NGC 7658 B23 26 24.9-39 13 37S014.913.90.8 × 0.3D, both eF, S, R, 4 st pESO 347-16, MCG -7-48-3, AM 2323-392
IC 145922 57 10.4-36 27 45E311.010.05.2 × 1.8F, pS, com, N = 12mIC 5265, ESO 406-30, MCG -6-50-16, AM 2254-364, IRAS 22544-3643
IC 512821 43 11.7-38 58 05S0-a13.913.01.1 × 0.7eeF, vS, R, dif, st spESO 343-22, MCG -7-44-35, IRAS 21401-3911
IC 517022 12 29.6-47 13 17SBa13.412.51.8 × 0.8No descrESO 237-46, ESO 288-51, AM 2209-472, PGC 68283, IRAS 22093-4728
IC 517122 10 56.6-46 04 55SBbc13.412.63.1 × 0.5No descrESO 288-46, A 2207-46, IRAS 22078-4619
IC 517422 12 44.5-38 10 18SBb14.814.02.1 × 1.1eF, eS, cE 150°ESO 344-13, MCG -6-48-28, AM 2209-382
IC 517522 12 48.2-38 07 38Sab14.413.61.4 × 0.5eF, eS, R, bMESO 344-14, MCG -6-48-29, AM 2209-382
IC 518122 13 21.6-46 01 05S012.511.52.5 × 0.9No descrESO 289-1, AM 2210-461
IC 518422 16 09.0-36 50 41Sbc12.411.82.4 × 1.2pF, pS, lE, bet 2 st nsIC 5179, IC 5184, ESO 405-5, MCG -6-48-31, IRAS 22132-3705, AM 2213-370
IC 518622 18 46.5-36 48 06SBb12.511.91.8 × 1.2eeF, S, R, F * nr pESO 405-7, MCG -6-49-1, IRAS 22158-3703
IC 519922 19 32.9-37 32 03Sb14.713.91.5 × 0.2eF, eS, cE 160°ESO 344-20, MCG -6-49-2, IRAS 22166-3747
IC 520122 20 57.5-46 02 05SBc11.510.88.5 × 3.9No descrESO 289-18, IRAS 22179-4617
IC 520922 23 09.1-37 59 37Sc15.614.80.6 × 0.5F, eS, R, 2 st npESO 345-4, AM 2220-381
IC 521222 23 30.2-38 02 16Sbc14.313.51.1 × 0.7eF, eS, cE 40°ESO 345-6, AM 2220-381
IC 522422 30 30.0-45 59 45Sab14.413.61.5 × 0.4No descrESO 289-31
IC 524022 41 52.1-44 46 01SBa12.811.92.8 × 1.8pF, pL, R, F * sfESO 290-2, AM 2238-450, IRAS 22388-4501
IC 526422 56 52.7-36 33 16Sab13.312.52.4 × 0.5vF, S, vmE, sp of 2ESO 406-29, MCG -6-50-14, IRAS 22540-3649
IC 526722 57 13.7-43 23 45S0-a11.410.55.2 × 3.9pB, S, R, mbMESO 290-29, MCG -7-47-7, AM 2254-434, IRAS 22543-4339
IC 5267 A22 55 56.3-43 26 03SBbc13.913.42.2 × 0.8pB, S, R, mbMESO 290-26, MCG -7-47-5
IC 5267 B22 56 57.0-43 45 37SB012.711.81.8 × 0.8pB, S, R, mbMESO 290-27, MCG -7-47-6
IC 5269 A22 55 55.6-36 20 52SBm13.913.41.3 × 0.9vF, pS, R, np of 2ESO 406-23, MCG -6-50-11A
IC 527322 59 26.7-37 42 19SBc11.811.42.6 × 1.7vF, cL, lE, 4 st pESO 346-22, MCG -6-50-20, IRAS 22566-3758

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)