Galaxy NGC 3294

Object Description

NGC 3294
NGC 3294: Galaxy in Leo Minor; 500 mm Cassegrain 3625 mm f/7.2; SBIG STL11K; 210+40+40+40 min LRGB; Bernese Highlands; © 2015 Radek Chromik

The galaxies NGC 3294 and NGC 3304 were discovered on March 17, 1787 by the German-British astronomer William Herschel with his self-made 18.7 inch f/12.8 reflecting telescope in Bath, England. He listed them under the designations I 164 and III 615. [196, 277, 313] He classified his discoveries according to purely visual impressions, with I standing for bright nebulae and III for very faint nebulae. [269] The small galaxy UGC 5775 was identified in the early 1970s in the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey photographic plates. (POSS) and included in the «Uppsala General Catalogue of Galaxies» in 1973. [459]

NGC 3294 is an SA morphological type spiral galaxy located at a distance of 28 to 30 Mpc. NGC 3304 is an S_AB type spiral galaxy with a LINER-type active core. It is further away at 99 Mpc and is only close to NGC 3294 from our line of sight. UGC 5775 is seen edge-on and is even further away at 131 Mpc. [145]

«Catalogue of Principal Galaxies (PGC)», Paturel et al. 1989 [144]
NameRA [hms]Dec [dms]mTypeDim [']Btot [mag]HRV [km/s]PA [°]
NGC 329410 36 16.0+37 19 27S3.4 x 1.811.91584122
UGC 577510 37 22.0+37 04 39S1.3 x .217.0112
NGC 330410 37 37.5+37 27 22SB1.4 x .514.46896158

Finder Chart

The galaxy NGC 3294 is located in the constellation Leo Minor. The best viewing time is October to June.

Chart NGC 3294
Chart created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. [149, 160]

References

144Catalogue of Principal Galaxies (PGC); Paturel G., Fouque P., Bottinelli L., Gouguenheim L.; Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 80, 299 (1989); cdsarc.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/VII/119 (2021-02-18)
145SIMBAD astronomical database; simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad
149SkySafari 6 Pro, Simulation Curriculum; skysafariastronomy.com
160The STScI Digitized Sky Survey; archive.stsci.edu/cgi-bin/dss_form
196Celestial Atlas by Curtney Seligman; cseligman.com/text/atlas.htm (2020-12-28)
269William Herschel's catalog of Deep Sky objects; messier.seds.org/xtra/similar/herschel.html (2021-12-27)
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)
313«A New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, being the Catalogue of the late Sir John F.W. Herschel, Bart., revised, corrected, and enlarged» Dreyer, J. L. E. (1888); Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society. 49: 1–237; Bibcode:1888MmRAS..49....1D
459«Uppsala General Catalogue of Galaxies (UGC)» Nilson 1973; cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/VII/26D (2021-12-23)