Galaxy NGC 3074

NGC 3074
NGC 3074: Galaxy in Leo Minor; 500/2500 mm Newton + SBIG ST-6; Sternwarte Bülach; © 8. 2. 1997 Stefan Meister


The galaxy was discovered by Wilhelm Herschel on 28 March 1786 using his 18.7 inch reflecting telescope and cataloged as III 542. He described it as «considerably faint, very large, of an irregular figure, 5' long 4' broad, south preceding a double star». [464] Dreyer included the galaxy as NGC 3074 in his «New General Catalog of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars» which was published in 1888. [313]

Physical Properties

NGC 3074
NGC 3074: Section of PanSTARRS/DR1 [147]

According to the De Vaucouleurs classification, NGC 3074 is of the SAB(rs)c type, an intermediate form between a spiral and a barred spiral with a budding ring structure. Measured radial speeds of 5138 km/s to 5161 km/s can be found on Simbad. On NED one finds a measured distance of 17 Mpc (55.45 million light years). [145, 194]

Revised+Historic NGC/IC Version 22/9, © 2022 Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Designation NGC 3074
Type Gx (Sc)
Right Ascension (J2000.0) 09h 59m 41.2s
Declination (J2000.0) +35° 23' 36"
Diameter 2.3 × 2.1 arcmin
Photographic (blue) magnitude 13.3 mag
Visual magnitude 12.7 mag
Surface brightness 14.2 mag·arcmin-2
Position Angle 166°
Redshift (z) 0.017159
Distance derived from z 72.48 Mpc
Dreyer Description vF, pL, iR, vgvlbM
Identification, Remarks UGC 5366, MCG 6-22-47, CGCG 182-54, NPM1G +35.0178, IRAS 09567+3537

Finder Chart

The galaxy NGC 3074 is located in the constellation Leo Minor. The best time for observation is in the monts from October to June.

Finder Chart Galaxy NGC 3074
Galaxy NGC 3074 in constellation Leo Minor. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

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