Galaxy NGC 3074

NGC 3074
NGC 3074: Galaxy in Leo Minor; 500/2500 mm Newton + SBIG ST-6; Sternwarte Bülach; © 8. 2. 1997 Stefan Meister


The galaxy was discovered by Wilhelm Herschel on 28 March 1786 using his 18.7 inch reflecting telescope and cataloged as III 542. He described it as «considerably faint, very large, of an irregular figure, 5' long 4' broad, south preceding a double star». [464] Dreyer included the galaxy as NGC 3074 in his «New General Catalog of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars» which was published in 1888. [313]

Physical Properties

NGC 3074
NGC 3074: Section of PanSTARRS/DR1 [147]

According to the De Vaucouleurs classification, NGC 3074 is of the SAB(rs)c type, an intermediate form between a spiral and a barred spiral with a budding ring structure. Measured radial speeds of 5138 km/s to 5161 km/s can be found on Simbad. On NED one finds a measured distance of 17 Mpc (55.45 million light years). [145, 194]

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
DesignationNGC 3074
TypeGx (Sc)
Right Ascension (J2000.0)09h 59m 41.2s
Declination (J2000.0)+35° 23' 36"
Diameter2.3 × 2.1 arcmin
Photographic (blue) magnitude13.3 mag
Visual magnitude12.7 mag
Surface brightness14.2 mag·arcmin-2
Position Angle166°
Distance derived from z72.48 Mpc
Dreyer DescriptionvF, pL, iR, vgvlbM
Identification, RemarksUGC 5366, MCG 6-22-47, CGCG 182-54, NPM1G +35.0178, IRAS 09567+3537

Finder Chart

The galaxy NGC 3074 is located in the constellation Leo Minor. The best time for observation is in the monts from October to June.

Finder Chart Galaxy NGC 3074
Galaxy NGC 3074 in constellation Leo Minor. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

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