Constellation Fornax (Furnace)

Fornax
Fornax: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Fornax is an inconspicuous constellation south of the Eridanus-Cetus border. It contains only a few stars bright enough to be distinctive. The constellation area is 398 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on November 4th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α For: Fornacis
Data for constellation Fornax [150]
IAU NameFornax
IAU GenitiveFornacis
IAU Abbr.For
English NameFurnace
Season (47° N)November … January
Right Ascension01h 45m 24s … 03h 50m 21s
Declination-39° 30' 46" … -23° 45' 23"
Area398 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Eri, Cet, Scl, Phe

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

History

The constellation was originally introduced in the mid-18th century by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille under the name Fornax Chemica (chemical furnace). The name was intended to underline the importance of chemistry as it appeared to contemporaries of the 18th and 19th centuries. The stars of this constellation used to belong to the constellation Eridanus. [7]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
594π02 01 14.7-30 00 065.35 G5III
612ν02 04 29.4-29 17 494.69 B9.5pSi
652μ02 12 54.5-30 43 265.28 B9V
695κ02 22 32.6-23 48 595.20 G0Va
724φ02 28 01.7-33 48 405.14 A2V
744λ102 33 07.0-34 39 005.90 K0III
749ω02 33 50.7-28 13 574.90 B9.5V 2.810.8
767ι102 36 09.3-30 02 415.75 G8-K0III
772λ202 36 58.6-34 34 425.79 G5IV
777ι202 38 18.7-30 11 395.83 F4V
835η102 47 33.7-35 33 036.51 K0-1III
841β02 49 05.4-32 24 214.46 K0-IIIFe-0.5 9.54.7
844γ102 49 51.0-24 33 376.14 K1III 4.440.9
845γ202 49 54.2-27 56 305.39 A0V
848η202 50 14.8-35 50 375.92 K0III 4.35.0
851η302 50 40.4-35 40 345.47 K5III
863ψ02 53 34.4-38 26 135.92 F6IV
901ζ02 59 36.1-25 16 275.71 F2V
914ε03 01 37.7-28 05 305.89 G5IV
963α03 12 04.3-28 59 133.87 F8V 2.73.6
1042χ103 25 55.8-35 55 156.39 A1IV
1054χ203 27 33.4-35 40 535.71 K2III
1058χ303 28 11.5-35 51 126.50 A1V 4.06.3
1114τ03 38 47.7-27 56 356.01 A0V
1134δ03 42 14.9-31 56 185.00 B5IV
1171σ03 46 27.4-29 20 175.90 A3V 5.25.0
1184ρ03 47 56.0-30 10 045.54 G6III

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 136003 33 14.6-25 52 16PN9.69.46.42* 8 in B, L neb, E nsPK 220-53.1, ESO 482-PN7, AM 0331-260, CS=11.4
Globular Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 104902 39 48.1-34 15 30GCL12.91.2pB, S, R, stellarESO 356-SC3, GCL no. 3 in Fornax dwarf
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 68601 48 56.0-23 47 53E-S013.212.21.7 × 1.4vF, vS, R, gbM, er, 2 st nrESO 477-6, MCG -4-5-8
NGC 68901 49 51.5-27 27 59Sab14.313.51 × 0.6vF, pL, R, gbMESO 414-5, MCG -5-5-19, AM 0147-274, IRAS 01475-2742
NGC 69601 49 31.2-34 54 18SB0-a14.113.21.7 × 0.6F, S, RESO 353-50, MCG -6-5-4
NGC 69801 49 43.6-34 49 53SBab14.814.00.9 × 0.8eF, SESO 353-51, MCG -6-5-5, AM 0147-350
NGC 72701 53 49.3-35 51 21SBab14.713.91.1 × 0.6F, S, R, bMNGC 729, ESO 354-10, MCG -6-5-12
NGC 74901 55 40.9-29 55 20SB0-a13.112.21.9 × 1.4pB, S, E, bMESO 414-11, MCG -5-5-23, IRAS 01534-3009
NGC 77501 58 32.5-26 17 38SBc13.312.61.7 × 1.2pF, S, R, glbMESO 477-18, MCG -5-5-24, IRAS 01562-2632
NGC 82302 07 20.0-25 26 30E-S013.812.81.7 × 1.3vF, vF D * invIC 1782, ESO 478-2, MCG -4-6-5, IRAS 02050-2540
NGC 82402 06 53.2-36 27 12SBbc13.913.11.4 × 1.2F, S, R, vsvmbM * 13ESO 354-37, MCG -6-5-28
NGC 85402 11 30.6-35 50 08SBc13.612.91.8 × 0.6cF, pS, lE 0°, gbMESO 354-47, MCG -6-5-38, AM 0209-360, IRAS 02093-3604
NGC 85702 12 37.0-31 56 40S013.712.71.5 × 1.3cB, S, E, psmbMESO 415-6, MCG -5-6-8
NGC 89702 21 06.4-33 43 15Sa12.811.82.1 × 1.3pB, S, R, psbM, * 10 f 35"ESO 355-7, MCG -6-6-3, AM 0218-335
NGC 92202 25 03.5-24 47 21SBcd/P12.512.12 × 1.6cF, pL, R, gpmbMESO 478-28, MCG -4-6-37, UGCA 30, AM 0222-250, IRAS 02228-2500
NGC 96402 31 05.7-36 02 05Sab13.212.42.1 × 0.5pB, pS, mE 215°IC 1814, ESO 355-24, MCG -6-6-10, IRAS 02290-3615
NGC 98602 33 34.1-39 02 45SBab11.610.94 × 3.2pB, L, pmE, sbM, bi-NESO 299-7, MCG -7-6-15, AM 0231-391, IRAS 02315-3915
NGC 986 A02 32 42.0-39 17 43IBm14.614.01.8 × 0.7pB, L, pmE, sbM, bi-NMCG -7-6-14A, ESO 299-6A, AM 0230-393, PGC 9686
NGC 107902 43 44.5-29 00 10SB0-a/P12.411.55.5 × 3.1B, pL, pmE, sbMESO 416-13, MCG -5-7-17, IRAS 02415-2913
NGC 109702 46 19.5-30 16 32SBb10.29.59.4 × 6.6vB, L, vmE 151°, vbMNESO 416-20, MCG -5-7-24, UGCA 41, IRAS 02441-3029, Arp 77, AM 0244-302
NGC 1097 A02 46 09.9-30 13 43E414.113.10.8 × 0.5vB, L, vmE 151°, vbMNESO 416-19, MCG -5-7-22
NGC 112402 51 36.0-25 42 05SB014.914.01 × 0.8eF, eS, iR, gbM, * 9 nf 1'ESO 480-7, MCG -4-7-47
NGC 116502 58 47.7-32 05 58SBa13.612.72.5 × 0.9vF, pL, E, vlbMESO 417-8, MCG -5-8-9, AM 0256-321, IRAS 02567-3217
NGC 120103 04 07.9-26 04 08E/S011.710.73.6 × 2.1cB, pS, vlE, r, S * nrESO 480-28, MCG -4-8-23
NGC 121003 06 45.3-25 42 59SB013.512.71 × 0.9eF, vS, iR, gbMNESO 480-31, AM 0304-255
NGC 1217 103 06 06.0-39 02 09Sa13.012.11.8 × 1.3pF, S, R, psbMESO 300-10, MCG -7-7-3, AM 0304-391, IRAS 03041-3913
NGC 1217 203 06 05.8-39 01 14Sab15.014.20.5 × 0.4pF, S, R, psbMESO 300-10, MCG -7-7-2, AM 0304-391
NGC 125503 13 32.0-25 43 28SBbc11.410.94.2 × 2.7F, pL, F * close pESO 481-13, MCG -4-8-50, UGCA 60, AM 0311-255, IRAS 03113-2554
NGC 128803 17 13.2-32 34 35SBc12.812.12.3 × 1.9vF, L, R, vglbMESO 357-13, MCG -5-8-25, AM 0315-324, IRAS 03152-3245
NGC 129203 18 14.8-27 36 38Sc12.712.23 × 1.4F, pS, lE, vgbM, S D * nrESO 418-1, MCG -5-8-26, IRAS 03161-2747
NGC 130203 19 51.1-26 03 38SB0-a11.610.73.9 × 3.7S, R, psvmbM, * 9 np 1'ESO 481-20, MCG -4-8-58, IRAS 03177-2614
NGC 130603 21 03.0-25 30 44Sb13.712.90.8 × 0.8vF, vS, gbM, * 10.5 f 4'ESO 481-23, IRAS 03188-2541
NGC 131003 21 03.5-37 06 08SBc12.612.11.9 × 1.5globular, vF, pL, R, vgvlbMESO 357-19, MCG -6-8-4, IRAS 03191-3716, FCC 13
NGC 131603 22 41.4-37 12 28SB09.48.511 × 7.2vB, cL, vlE, vsvmbMNESO 357-22, MCG -6-8-8, Arp 154, FCC 21, IRAS 03208-3723, AM 0320-372, Fornax A
NGC 1316 A03 23 37.9-36 54 14S0-a14.914.00.7 × 0.3vB, cL, vlE, vsvmbMNMCG -6-8-8, FCC 192, IRAS 03217-3704
NGC 1316 B03 23 39.5-36 54 31Sab15.114.30.4 × 0.3vB, cL, vlE, vsvmbMNMCG -6-8-9
NGC 1316 C03 24 58.4-37 00 33S014.413.41.6 × 0.7vB, cL, vlE, vsvmbMNESO 357-27, MCG -6-8-12, FCC 33
NGC 131703 22 44.2-37 06 12SBa11.911.02.8 × 2.4pB, pS, psbMNGC 1318, ESO 357-23, MCG -6-8-6, FCC 22, IRAS 03208-3716
NGC 132603 23 56.4-36 27 51SB011.410.53.9 × 2.9planetary? pS, vsvmbMNESO 357-26, MCG -6-8-11, IRAS 03220-3638, FCC 29
NGC 1326 A03 25 08.5-36 21 52SBm13.813.21.9 × 1.7planetary? pS, vsvmbMNESO 357-28, MCG -6-8-13, AM 0323-363, FCC 37
NGC 1326 B03 25 19.6-36 23 04SBd13.713.33.6 × 1.1planetary? pS, vsvmbMNESO 357-29, MCG -6-8-14, AM 0323-363, FCC 39
NGC 132703 25 23.2-25 40 46SBb15.314.51 × 0.3eF, vS, neb ?ESO 481-26, MCG -4-9-8, IRAS 03232-2551
NGC 133603 26 32.0-35 42 48E-S013.112.32.1 × 1.5vF, S, vlE, gbMESO 358-2, MCG -6-8-16, FCC 47
NGC 133903 28 06.5-32 17 08E312.511.61.5 × 1.1cB, pS, R, psbM, D * pESO 418-4, MCG -5-9-4, FCC 63
NGC 134103 27 58.3-37 08 58SBab12.311.81.2 × 1.1F, S, R, * 12 sfESO 358-8, MCG -6-8-20, IRAS 03260-3719, FCC 62
NGC 134403 28 19.5-31 04 05E511.310.44.8 × 3.1cB, pL, iR, vgbMNGC 1340, ESO 418-5, MCG -5-9-5, AM 0326-311
NGC 135003 31 07.9-33 37 38SBab11.210.35.9 × 3.1B, L, mE, vmbMRNESO 358-13, MCG -6-8-23, AM 0329-334, FCC 88, IRAS 03291-3347
NGC 135103 30 34.9-34 51 12E-S012.511.62.8 × 1.7pB, pS, R, psbMESO 358-12, MCG -6-8-22, FCC 83
NGC 1351 A03 28 48.5-35 10 40SBbc14.213.42.6 × 0.5pB, pS, R, psbMESO 358-9, MCG -6-8-21, FCC 67
NGC 136503 33 36.7-36 08 27SBb10.39.611 × 6.2!! vB, vL, mE, rNESO 358-17, MCG -6-8-26, VV 825, FCC 121, IRAS 03317-3618
NGC 136603 33 53.6-31 11 36S012.011.12.1 × 0.9vF, S, iF, lbMESO 418-10, MCG -5-9-13
NGC 137103 35 01.2-24 56 00SBa11.610.75.6 × 3.9pB, pL, vlE, psbMNGC 1367, ESO 482-10, MCG -4-9-29, IRAS 03327-2505, UGCA 79, AM 0332-250
NGC 137303 34 59.1-35 10 16E314.113.31.2 × 0.9eF, vS, p of 3ESO 358-21, MCG -6-8-28, FCC 143, 1ZW 13
NGC 137403 35 16.6-35 13 33E112.011.12.7 × 2.4vB, pL, lE, gmbM, 2nd of 3ESO 358-23, MCG -6-8-29, AM 0333-352, FCC 147
NGC 137503 35 16.8-35 15 57SB013.212.42.3 × 0.9B, S, lE, pmbM, 3rd of 3ESO 358-24, MCG -6-8-30, AM 0333-352, FCC 148
NGC 137903 36 03.8-35 26 27E011.810.92.4 × 2.3globular, B, pL, R, gpmbMESO 358-27, MCG -6-9-1, FCC 161
NGC 138003 36 27.5-34 58 31SB010.99.94 × 2.4vB, L, R, psbMESO 358-28, MCG -6-9-2, AM 0334-350, FCC 167, IRAS 03345-3508
NGC 1380 A03 36 47.4-34 44 23S013.312.42.4 × 0.7vB, L, R, psbMESO 358-33, MCG -6-9-6, FCC 177
NGC 138103 36 31.8-35 17 43S012.411.52.6 × 0.8FESO 358-29, MCG -6-9-3, FCC 170
NGC 138203 37 09.0-35 11 44E/SB013.912.91.5 × 1.3FNGC 1380B, ESO 358-37, MCG -6-9-9, FCC 190
NGC 138503 37 28.6-24 30 10SBc11.510.93.6 × 2.2pB, pS, R, gpmbMESO 482-16, MCG -4-9-36, AM 0335-244, IRAS 03353-2439
NGC 138703 36 57.2-35 30 21E/SB011.710.72.8 × 2.6globular, vB, pL, R, gmbMESO 358-36, MCG -6-9-7, IRAS 03350-3540, FCC 184
NGC 139603 38 06.5-35 26 23E/SB014.813.80.7 × 0.4FFCC 202
NGC 139803 38 52.0-26 20 14SBab10.69.77.2 × 5.2cB, cL, R, vmbMESO 482-22, MCG -4-9-40, AM 0336-263, IRAS 03367-2629
NGC 139903 38 28.9-35 26 59E110.69.66.9 × 6.5globular, vB, pL, psbM, rrESO 358-45, MCG -6-9-12, AM 0336-353, FCC 213
NGC 140603 39 23.0-31 19 20SBbc12.411.83.9 × 0.7F, cL, vmE, vglbM, * 7 npESO 418-15, MCG -5-9-20, UGCA 83, AM 0337-312, IRAS 03373-3129
NGC 141203 40 29.3-26 51 43SB013.512.51.8 × 0.7F, S, E, gbM, * sf 2'IC 1981, ESO 482-29, MCG -5-9-21, AM 0338-270
NGC 142503 42 11.5-29 53 39Sb11.310.65.8 × 2.5F, pL, iR, gbMESO 419-4, MCG -5-9-23, UGCA 84, IRAS 03401-3002
NGC 142703 42 19.2-35 23 34E311.810.93.8 × 2.6pF, S, R, psmbMESO 358-52, MCG -6-9-21, FCC 276
NGC 142803 42 22.9-35 09 14E/SB013.912.91.1 × 0.6FESO 358-53, MCG -6-9-22, FCC 277
NGC 145903 46 57.9-25 31 17SBbc13.712.91.7 × 1.1eF, pS, gbMESO 482-43, MCG -4-10-1, IRAS 03448-2540
IC 172801 47 44.4-33 36 06SBbc14.113.31.3 × 0.8F, S, E 160°, mbMESO 353-47, MCG -6-5-2, IRAS 01455-3350
IC 172901 47 55.2-26 53 31E-S013.512.61.6 × 0.9pB, eS, alm stell, rr ?ESO 477-4, MCG -5-5-14, AM 0145-270
IC 173401 49 16.8-32 44 36SBc13.412.81.6 × 1.4vF, pS, lE 100°, bMESO 353-48, MCG -6-5-3, IRAS 01470-3259
IC 173901 50 29.3-34 03 20Sb14.914.10.8 × 0.5cF, cS, R, mbMESO 354-1, MCG -6-5-7, IRAS 01483-3418
IC 175901 57 55.5-32 59 14Sbc13.712.91.5 × 1.4pB, vS, R, bM, * 10 close spIC 1760, ESO 354-18, MCG -6-5-16
IC 176201 57 48.6-33 14 23SBbc14.313.51.8 × 0.4eeF, pS, R, * 7 nfESO 354-17, MCG -6-5-15, IRAS 01555-3329
IC 176301 59 11.5-27 48 41Sbc14.613.81 × 0.8eeF, S, R, * 8 ssfESO 414-20, MCG -5-5-25
IC 176802 00 49.8-25 01 35S014.013.00.7 × 0.7eeF, pS, R, 3 st 9 sf, v difficMCG -4-5-26, ESO 477-21
IC 176902 00 54.8-31 55 14Sbc15.514.70.8 × 0.2eF, eS, mE 80°ESO 414-21
IC 178302 10 06.0-32 56 23Sb13.212.52 × 0.8pF, vS, mE ns, F * pESO 354-46, MCG -6-5-37, IRAS 02079-3310
IC 178802 15 50.2-31 12 04SBbc12.311.62.6 × 1.1pF, pS, R, 2 st nfESO 415-15, MCG -5-6-11, IRAS 02136-3125
IC 181102 30 38.0-34 15 53SBab14.213.41.3 × 0.9eeF, S, R, 2 st p, np of 2 (sic)ESO 355-20, MCG -6-6-8, AM 0228-342
IC 181302 30 49.6-34 13 18S0-a14.113.21.2 × 0.8eF, eS, R, F * n, 2 st np, sf of 2 (sic)ESO 355-22, MCG -6-6-9, AM 0228-342
IC 181602 31 51.0-36 40 20SBab13.612.81.4 × 1.2vF, S, R, 2 st nr pESO 355-25, MCG -6-6-11, FAIR 1090, AM 0229-365, IRAS 02297-3653
IC 182602 39 03.7-27 26 35SB0-a13.212.81.7 × 1.4pB, cS, R, * 8 nr pIC 1830, ESO 416-6, MCG -5-7-12, IRAS 02368-2739, UGCA 37, HARO 18, AM 0236-273
IC 183302 41 38.6-28 10 18SB014.113.11.5 × 0.8eeF, S, R, 3 D st nfESO 416-7, MCG -5-7-13
IC 185802 49 08.4-31 17 22S0-a14.013.11.7 × 0.5vF, pS, R, 1st of 3ESO 416-29, MCG -5-7-33, DRCG 42-18
IC 185902 49 03.8-31 10 21Sbc14.113.31.2 × 0.8pF, pS, R, 2nd of 3ESO 416-28, MCG -5-7-32, DRCG 42-29, IRAS 02469-3122
IC 186002 49 33.7-31 11 23E413.712.72.2 × 1.7pF, pS, lE, 3rd of 3ESO 416-31, MCG -5-7-35, AM 0247-312, DRCG 42-23
IC 186202 51 58.8-33 20 24Sbc14.113.33 × 0.3eeF, vS, lE, v diffic, * 7 sfESO 356-15, MCG -6-7-10, FGCE 272, IRAS 02499-3332
IC 186402 53 39.4-34 11 53E412.611.61.2 × 0.7eF, S, RESO 356-17, MCG -6-7-11, AM 0251-342
IC 187503 03 56.6-39 26 27E/SB013.412.51.4 × 1.2eF, pS, R, F D * sf in lineESO 300-6, MCG -7-7-2, AM 0302-393
IC 187603 04 32.3-27 27 36S0/P14.414.11.1 × 1eeF, S, R, F * nr sfESO 417-13, MCG -5-8-13, HARO 17, AM 0302-273
IC 188503 06 40.3-32 51 51Sc14.814.11.4 × 0.5vF, vS, mE 140°, gbMESO 357-3
IC 189503 09 36.2-25 15 12SB0-a14.213.31.5 × 1.1eeF, pS, 2 st close pESO 481-1, MCG -4-8-33, AM 0307-252
IC 189903 12 13.0-25 18 18S0-a14.313.41.1 × 0.3eeF, S, R, 2 F st sp in lineESO 481-8, MCG -4-8-41, IRAS 03100-2529
IC 190403 15 00.9-30 42 30SBab14.213.41.4 × 0.6eF, vS, mE 80°, stell NESO 417-22, MCG -5-8-24, AM 0312-305, IRAS 03129-3053
IC 190603 16 05.7-34 21 36SBbc14.313.51.2 × 0.4vF, vS, vmE 60°, gbMESO 357-11, MCG -6-8-1, IRAS 03141-3432
IC 190903 17 20.0-33 41 25SBb14.313.51.2 × 0.6vF, vS, cE 45°, stell NESO 357-14, MCG -6-8-3
IC 191303 19 34.5-32 27 54SBb14.413.61.9 × 0.3vF, vS, mE 155°, cbMESO 357-16, MCG -5-8-27, AM 0317-323, FCC 10
IC 191903 26 02.1-32 53 41E-S013.813.01.3 × 1eF, pS, lE, sev st n [? RA 9m]ESO 358-1, MCG -6-8-15, AM 0324-330, FCC 43
IC 196303 35 31.2-34 26 48S013.112.12.6 × 0.7pB, S, eE 90° IC 335, ESO 358-26, MCG -6-8-31, FCC 153
IC 199303 47 04.8-33 42 38SBb12.411.72.5 × 2.2eF, L, cE, * 7.5 att, v difficESO 358-65, MCG -6-9-32, AM 0345-335, FCC 315, IRAS 03451-3351

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
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150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)