Constellation Camelopardalis (Giraffe)

Camelopardalis
Camelopardalis: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Between the constellation Auriga and the Pole Star there is a gap of yawning emptiness in the firmament. Only a few stars achieve a brightness that would captivate our eyes and lead to an association. Just two stars are easily visible to the naked eye. The area of the constellation is 757 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on December 23rd. [9, 15]

Data for constellation Camelopardalis [150]
IAU NameCamelopardalis
IAU GenitiveCamelopardalis
IAU Abbr.Cam
English NameGiraffe
Season (47° N)September … March
Right Ascension03h 15m 36s … 14h 27m 08s
Declination+52° 39' 56" … +86° 05' 51"
Area757 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)UMi, Cep, Cas, Per, Aur, Lyn, UMa, Dra

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

History

The giraffe was only introduced to constellation studies at the beginning of the 17th century and therefore has no mythological background. The constellation is mostly attributed to the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius, but the mathematician Jakob Bartsch, a son-in-law of Johannes Kepler, mentioned it in a book as early as 1624. In his work Usus astronomicus planisphaerium Argentinae, this mathematician, bare of any poetic imagination, baptized this amorphous spot in the sky with the name "Giraffe". The giraffe was known in ancient Greece as the "leopard camel". Jakob Bartsch preferred to call the constellation a camel, namely the camel that Rebekah brought from Haran to Canaan to marry Isaac. (Genesis 24:61). Other constellations named by Bartsch are Columba and Monoceros. Since astronomers are reluctant to change the names of the constellations that have become naturalized, Camelopardalis (also Camelopardus) has been preserved to this day. [7, 21, 133]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
1148γ03 50 21.5+71 19 564.63 A2IVn 3.9106.3
1417104 32 01.8+53 54 395.77 B0III 1.110.3
1466204 39 58.1+53 28 235.35 A8V 1.60.3
1467304 39 54.7+53 04 475.05 K0III 7.03.8
1511404 48 00.3+56 45 265.30 A3m 7.599.0
1542α904 54 03.0+66 20 344.29 O9.5Ia e
1555504 55 03.1+55 15 335.52 B9.5V 6.412.9
1568704 57 17.2+53 45 084.47 A1V 3.40.4
1588804 59 46.3+53 09 206.08 K4III
1603β1005 03 25.1+60 26 324.03 G1Ib-IIa 3.480.8
16221105 06 08.5+58 58 215.08 B2.5Ve 1.0180.5
16231205 06 12.2+59 01 166.08 K0III 1.0180.5
16781405 13 31.3+62 41 296.50 A7Vn
17191505 19 27.8+58 07 026.13 B5V
17511605 23 27.8+57 32 405.28 A0Vn 7.7106.2
18021705 30 10.2+63 04 025.42 M1IIIa
18281805 32 33.8+57 13 166.48 F8V
18571905 37 15.1+64 09 176.15 A0V 4.01.6
19412405 43 01.6+56 34 546.05 K0III
19432305 44 08.6+61 28 366.15 gG5
19692605 46 30.4+56 06 565.94 A4Vn
19922905 50 34.0+56 55 086.54 A4IV-V 4.225.1
20063005 52 17.4+58 57 516.14 A0V s
20273105 54 57.8+59 53 185.20 A2V
21523706 09 59.1+58 56 095.36 G8III
21653606 12 51.1+65 43 065.32 K1.5IIIbCN-0.5
22014006 15 40.6+59 59 575.35 K3III 5.1102.7
24904206 50 57.1+67 34 195.14 B4IV
25114306 53 42.2+68 53 185.12 B7III
27724707 22 17.2+59 54 076.35 A8m 4.52.2
29755107 46 40.1+65 27 215.92 gK2
29774907 46 27.4+62 49 506.49 F0pSrEu
31095308 01 42.4+60 19 286.01 A2pSrCrEu v

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 150104 06 59.4+60 55 17PN13.311.50.87planetary, pB, pS, vlE, 1' diamPK 144+6.1, CS=14.4
IC 356812 33 06.9+82 33 51PN11.610.60.17Planetary or neb * 9.5, * 13 p 15"PK 123+34.1, UGC 7731, CS=11.4
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 150204 07 49.2+62 19 54II3p6.920Cl, pRi, cC, iFOCL 383
NGC 170805 03 27.0+52 50 00OCL20Cl, vL, pRi, lC, st L and S
IC 36104 18 50.6+58 14 58II1r11.77F, L, ? neb ClOCL 393
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 146904 00 27.8+68 34 39E-S013.712.71.9 × 0.8vF, vS, R, B * nrUGC 2909, MCG 11-5-4, CGCG 305-3
NGC 148504 05 03.4+70 59 48Sb13.412.62.1 × 0.7eF, pS, RUGC 2933, MCG 12-4-10, CGCG 327-14, IRAS 03598+7051
NGC 153004 23 26.9+75 17 40SBb12.311.54.4 × 2.5pB, LUGC 3013, MCG 13-4-4, CGCG 327-17, IRAS 04170+7510, KUG 0417+751, 7ZW 12, KARA 147, CGCG 347-4
NGC 156004 32 47.5+71 52 46Scd12.211.49.8 × 1.5vF, L, E, * 9.3 spUGC 3060, MCG 12-5-5, CGCG 328-6, FGC 71A
NGC 156904 30 49.1+64 50 53IBm11.911.03.7 × 1.8pB, S, lE, bNM, * 9.5 n 1'UGC 3056, MCG 11-6-1, CGCG 306-1, Arp 210, 7ZW 16, IRAS 04260+6444
NGC 157304 35 04.2+73 15 47E312.811.71.9 × 1.3vF, S, * 9.5 fUGC 3077, MCG 12-5-8, CGCG 328-9, 7ZW 18
NGC 1573 A04 48 26.7+73 28 10SBbc14.814.01.6 × 1.3vF, S, * 9.5 fUGC 3150, MCG 12-5-20, CGCG 328-21, IRAS 04423+7322
NGC 196105 42 03.9+69 22 43SBbc11.711.04.5 × 3.1cF, pL, iF, mbM, er, * inv (? PD)IC 2133, UGC 3334, MCG 12-6-7, IRAS 05365+6921, CGCG 329-8, Arp 184
NGC 212806 04 34.0+57 37 39E-S013.612.61.5 × 1.1vF, vS, vlEUGC 3392, MCG 10-9-10, CGCG 284-6, IRAS 06002+5737
NGC 214606 18 38.3+78 21 21SBab/P11.410.65.4 × 2.9pB, 2' l, lEUGC 3429, MCG 13-5-22, CGCG 348-17, KCPG 110A, IRAS 06106+7822
NGC 2146 A06 23 54.6+78 31 48SBc13.512.93 × 1.2pB, 2' l, lEUGC 3439, MCG 13-5-25, CGCG 348-19, IRAS 06155+7833, KUG 0615+785, KCPG 110B
NGC 225606 47 14.2+74 14 13E/SB013.512.52.3 × 2F, R, * 9.5 3' sfUGC 3519, MCG 12-7-15, CGCG 330-14
NGC 225806 47 46.5+74 28 53S013.011.92.3 × 1.5F, 2 st 10·11 fUGC 3523, MCG 12-7-16, CGCG 330-15
NGC 226807 14 17.5+84 22 56SBbc12.211.52.7 × 1.5pF, pL, lEUGC 3653, MCG 14-4-22, CGCG 362-36, CGCG 363-20, IRAS 07006+8427
NGC 231407 10 31.8+75 19 40E313.212.21.1 × 0.8vF, S, RUGC 3677, MCG 13-6-3, CGCG 348-32
NGC 233607 27 03.6+80 10 40SBbc11.110.47.1 × 3.9pB, pL, R, 2 st 11 nrUGC 3809, MCG 13-6-6, CGCG 348-34, IRAS 07184+8016, CGCG 349-4, KCPG 132A
NGC 2336 A07 56 15.1+78 00 47Sc14.413.71.7 × 1.7pB, pL, R, 2 st 11 nrUGC 4066, MCG 13-6-12, CGCG 349-11
NGC 234707 16 04.0+64 42 41Sb13.212.51.8 × 1.3vF, S, R, lbMUGC 3759, MCG 11-9-39, CGCG 309-26, IRAS 07112+6447, KCPG 128B, near SAO 14129
NGC 236607 28 54.8+69 12 58IBm11.511.18.1 × 3vF, pL, mbM, vS * inv, curved tailsUGC 3851, MCG 12-7-40, DDO 42, IRAS 07233+6917, CGCG 330-38, MK 71, KCPG 133B
NGC 240307 36 50.6+65 36 06SBc8.98.523.4 × 11.8!! cB, eL, vmE, vgmbMNUGC 3918, MCG 11-10-7, CGCG 309-40, IRAS 07321+6543, KARA 197, CGCG 310-3
NGC 244107 51 54.5+73 00 55SBb13.012.22 × 1.8vF, pSUGC 4036, MCG 12-8-15, CGCG 331-17, IRAS 07460+7308
NGC 246007 56 52.8+60 20 58Sab12.711.82.5 × 1.9F, S, R, S * in centreUGC 4097, MCG 10-12-21, CGCG 287-10, IRAS 07525+6028
NGC 252308 15 00.0+73 34 44SBbc12.611.92.9 × 1.8pB, pL, lE, lbM, * nrUGC 4271, MCG 12-8-31, CGCG 331-32, Arp 9, IRAS 08092+7343
NGC 2523 A08 04 08.4+74 02 53SBc14.513.81 × 0.7pB, pL, lE, lbM, * nrUGC 4166, MCG 12-8-24, CGCG 331-26, KUG 0758+741
NGC 2523 B08 12 56.8+73 33 49Sb14.814.02 × 0.3pB, pL, lE, lbM, * nrUGC 4259, MCG 12-8-30, CGCG 331-30, IRAS 08072+7342
NGC 2523 C08 17 44.2+73 19 05E514.313.31.5 × 0.8pB, pL, lE, lbM, * nrUGC 4290, MCG 12-8-32, CGCG 331-33, NPM1G +73.0036
NGC 254408 21 40.3+73 59 18SBa13.812.91.1 × 0.8eeF, pS, R, sev B st aroundUGC 4327, MCG 12-8-34, MK 87, IRAS 08159+7409, KCPG 160A, KUG 0815+741, CGCG 331-36
NGC 255008 24 33.7+74 00 43Sb/P13.612.81 × 0.4eeF, pS, cEUGC 4359, MCG 12-8-37, CGCG 331-39, IRAS 08188+7410
NGC 2550 A08 28 39.1+73 44 53Sc13.412.71.6 × 1.4eeF, pS, cEUGC 4397, MCG 12-8-43, CGCG 331-43, KUG 0823+739, IRAS 08230+7354
NGC 255108 24 50.2+73 24 45Sa13.112.11.6 × 1vF, S, F * in centreUGC 4362, MCG 12-8-38, CGCG 331-40, ARAK 162
NGC 259108 37 25.5+78 01 32Sc12.912.23 × 0.6F, S, E, lbMUGC 4472, MCG 13-7-1, CGCG 349-29, CGCG 350-1, IRAS 08307+7811
NGC 263308 48 04.6+74 05 57SBb/P12.912.22.3 × 1.5F, S, lEUGC 4574, MCG 12-9-13, VV 519, IRAS 08425+7416, CGCG 331-63, CGCG 332-10, CGCG 350-5, Arp 80, KCPG 169
NGC 263408 48 25.5+73 58 02E112.912.01.7 × 1.6F, S, lEUGC 4581, MCG 12-9-15, CGCG 331-66, CGCG 332-13
NGC 2634 A08 48 38.1+73 56 19SBbc14.313.51.8 × 0.4F, S, lEUGC 4585, MCG 12-9-16, CGCG 331-68, CGCG 332-15, IRAS 08433+7406
NGC 263608 48 24.4+73 40 18E014.713.80.4 × 0.4vF, S, 2 st 11·12 fUGC 4583, CGCG 331-67, CGCG 332-14, NPM1G +73.0043
NGC 264608 50 21.8+73 27 46SB013.112.11.3 × 1.3vF, S, 2 F st 2'.5 sfIC 511, UGC 4604, MCG 12-9-19, CGCG 332-19, ARAK 180, CGCG 331-69
NGC 265508 55 37.7+78 13 25SB0-a11.010.14.9 × 4.1vB, cL, lE 90°, gsvmbMUGC 4637, MCG 13-7-10, CGCG 349-33, IRAS 08491+7824, CGCG 350-7, Arp 225
NGC 271509 08 05.9+78 05 09SBc11.811.24.8 × 1.6pB, L, EUGC 4759, MCG 13-7-15, CGCG 350-12, IRAS 09018+7817
NGC 273209 13 25.0+79 11 16S012.911.92.1 × 0.9pB, S, E 45°, * 13 nfUGC 4818, MCG 13-7-16, CGCG 350-13
NGC 274809 13 43.0+76 28 33Sbc12.411.73.1 × 1.1pB, pL, E, vglbMUGC 4825, MCG 13-7-19, CGCG 350-14, IRAS 09080+7640, PRC C-28
NGC 390111 42 49.2+77 22 22Sc14.413.71.8 × 0.8pF, pL, r, Place doubtfulUGC 6675, MCG 13-9-1, CGCG 351-68, CGCG 352-6, KARA 496
NGC 412712 08 25.8+76 48 16Sc13.412.72.5 × 1.2F, pL, vlE, glbMUGC 7122, MCG 13-9-12, CGCG 352-19, IRAS 12060+7705
NGC 529513 38 39.3+79 27 34E-S015.314.30.4 × 0.4vF, vS, RMCG 13-10-9, CGCG 353-23, NPM1G +79.0112
NGC 564014 20 40.7+80 07 25Sa15.614.70.9 × 0.4eF, S, lECGCG 353-35, NPM1G +80.0106
IC 33403 45 17.1+76 38 15I/P12.511.32.5 × 2.1pB, S, * 13 inv sfUGC 2824, MCG 13-3-7, CGCG 346-6
IC 34203 46 48.4+68 05 44SBc9.18.421.4 × 20.9pB, vS, * 12 close nUGC 2847, MCG 11-5-3, CGCG 305-2, IRAS 03419+6756
IC 35604 07 46.3+69 48 43Sb/P11.410.65.9 × 3.9pF, pL, bM, * 8.5 4' nUGC 2953, MCG 12-4-11, CGCG 327-15, Arp 213, IRAS 04025+6940
IC 38104 44 28.4+75 38 23SBbc13.112.32.4 × 1.3F, S, bM, * 12 npUGC 3130, MCG 13-4-7, CGCG 347-6, IRAS 04378+7532
IC 39104 57 22.1+78 11 23Sc/P13.012.71.1 × 1.1F, S, RUGC 3190, MCG 13-4-11, CGCG 347-9, IRAS 04497+7806, KARA 155, KUG 0449+781
IC 39604 57 58.8+68 19 23S?13.012.12.1 × 1.5F, S, R, bMN, F D * sfUGC 3203, MCG 11-7-2, CGCG 306-7, IRAS 04527+6814, CGCG 307-1, KCPG 104
IC 44006 19 13.0+80 04 06Sab14.113.31.6 × 0.9vF, SUGC 3427, MCG 13-5-21, CGCG 348-16, KCPG 109, IRAS 06102+8005
IC 44206 36 11.9+82 58 08E-S013.912.90.9 × 0.9F, S, R, mbMUGC 3470, MCG 14-4-3, CGCG 362-22, KCPG 113A, CGCG 363-5, NPM1G +83.0016
IC 44506 37 21.0+67 51 36S014.213.21.2 × 0.9eF, S, R, B * sfUGC 3497, MCG 11-9-1, CGCG 308-33, KCPG 114A
IC 44906 45 40.8+71 20 37E213.512.51.7 × 1.3pF, S, R, bM, bet 2 D stUGC 3515, MCG 12-7-14, CGCG 330-12
IC 45006 52 12.3+74 25 39S0-a15.013.90.8 × 0.5vF, SUGC 3547, MCG 12-7-18, MK 6, IRAS 06457+7429, KUG 0645+744, NPM1G +74.0026, CGCG 330-17
IC 45106 52 51.8+74 28 48Sb14.613.81.3 × 1.1vF, SUGC 3550, MCG 12-7-19, CGCG 330-18
IC 46707 30 17.8+79 52 21SBc13.212.63.1 × 1.2vF, pS, ssF of 2336UGC 3834, MCG 13-6-7, CGCG 348-35, IRAS 07218+7958, CGCG 349-5, KCPG 132B
IC 49908 45 17.3+85 44 26Sa13.412.52.1 × 1.1pF, S, mbM, * nfUGC 4463, MCG 14-4-54, CGCG 363-46, CGCG 364-5, NPM1G +85.0024, most northern IC
IC 51209 03 49.0+85 30 06Sc12.912.21.8 × 1.3F, S, R, gbMUGC 4646, MCG 14-5-2, CGCG 363-49, CGCG 364-8, IRAS 08508+8541
IC 52008 53 42.1+73 29 27SBab12.611.71.5 × 1.3pB, pL, bM, * nrUGC 4630, MCG 12-9-26, CGCG 331-73, IRAS 08483+7340, ARAK 183, CGCG 332-25
IC 52909 18 32.9+73 45 35Sc12.311.93.3 × 1.3pF, pL, EUGC 4888, MCG 12-9-35, CGCG 332-38, IRAS 09134+7358
IC 217407 09 05.0+75 21 13SBa14.313.50.9 × 0.7eF, S, bMUGC 3666, MCG 13-6-2, CGCG 348-30
IC 217907 15 32.3+64 55 34E113.512.41.1 × 1.1* 13 in vF, vS neb [? = III 746]UGC 3750, MCG 11-9-38A, CGCG 309-25, KCPG 128A
IC 218407 29 24.9+72 07 43Sbc13.913.10.8 × 0.7vF, S, stell, rUGC 3852, MCG 12-7-41, MK 8, IRAS 07236+7213, KCPG 135A, CGCG 330-39, 7ZW 156, VV 644
IC 220907 56 14.2+60 18 14SBb14.313.71.1 × 0.9vF, S, lbMUGC 4093, MCG 10-12-17, MK 13, IRAS 07519+6026, CGCG 286-78, CGCG 287-8, KUG 0751+604
IC 238908 47 58.3+73 32 19SBb14.013.41.4 × 0.3vF, S, lbMUGC 4576, MCG 12-9-11, CGCG 331-64, IRAS 08425+7343, CGCG 332-11, VV 798

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
21«Taschenatlas der Sternbilder» von Josef Klepesta und Antonin Rükl; Verlag Werner Dausien; ISBN 3-7684-2384-0
133Deepsky Atlas of the Hawaiian Astronomical Society; hawastsoc.org/deepsky
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)