Planetary Nebula Minkowski 1-59

M 1-59
M 1-59: Image taken with Hubble Space Telescope. © ESA/Hubble & NASA, postprocessing Judy Schmidt [165]


The planetary nebula was discovered in 1946 by the German-American astronomer Rudolph Minkowski. He was looking for H-α emissions on the photographic plates taken with the 60 inch or 100 inch telescope on Mount Wilson. [397]

Physical Properties

M 1-59 is a bi- or multipolar planetary nebula with at least three pairs of closed-end bipolar lobes and a hollow shell in the center. The kinematic age is estimated to 4050 years. The photometric magnitudes through different filters are: J 12.328; H 12.205; K 11.225. Given distances range from 1.2 kpc to 5.5 kpc. [145, 613]

«Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» Acker et al., 1992 [141]
DesignationsPN G023.9-02.3: M 1-59, PK 23-02.1, ARO 289, Sa 2-358, VV 202, VV' 442
Right Ascension (J2000.0)18h 43m 20s
Declination (J2000.0)-09° 04' 49"
Dimensions 4.6" (optical), 4.8" (radio)
Distance 1.45 kpc
Radial Velocity+99.0 km/s ± 11.4 km/s
Expansion Velocity 13.0 km/s (O-III)
DiscovererMINKOWSKI 1946

Finder Chart

The planetary nebula Minkowski 1-59 is located in the constellation Scutum, circa 0.5° east of the 4.7 mag bright star δ Scuti and about a quarter towards the open cluster Messier 26.

Finder Chart Planetary Nebula Minkowski 1-59
Planetary Nebula Minkowski 1-59 in constellation Scutum. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

400 mm Aperture: In the 21 mm Tele Vue Ethos (85x) the PN appears as a small dot among stars. In the 9 mm Nagler, the dot is slightly larger but hardly more than a star. — 400 mm f/4.5 Taurus Dobsonian, Gurnigel, 19. 8. 2023, Bernd Nies

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