Constellation Vulpecula (Fox)

Vulpecula
Vulpecula: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

Vulpecula is an inconspicuous constellation on the head of the Cygnus from a few stars of almost 4th magnitude that do not have a distinctive shape. It is south of Cygnus and north of Sagitta and Delphinus. The area of the constellation is 268 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on 26 July. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Vul: Anser
Data for constellation Vulpecula [150]
IAU NameVulpecula
IAU GenitiveVulpeculae
IAU Abbr.Vul
English NameFox
Season (47° N)March … December
Right Ascension18h 57m 07s … 21h 30m 39s
Declination+19° 23' 54" … +29° 29' 14"
Area268 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Cyg, Lyr, Her, Sge, Del, Peg

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

History

The Danzig astronomer Johannes Hevelius introduced this constellation in 1690 as Vulpecula Cum Anser (little fox and goose), but meanwhile the goose seems to have escaped the fox. [7]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
7306119 16 13.0+21 23 254.77 B4IV 7.139.1
7318219 17 43.6+23 01 325.43 B0.5IV 4.71.8
7358319 22 50.9+26 15 455.18 B6III
7385419 25 28.6+19 47 555.16 K0III 6.218.9
7390519 26 13.2+20 05 525.63 A0V
7405α619 28 42.3+24 39 544.44 M0III 1.4413.7
7406819 28 57.0+24 46 075.81 K0III
7409719 29 20.9+20 16 476.33 B5Vn
7437919 34 34.9+19 46 245.00 B8IIIn 7.8108.3
75061019 43 42.9+25 46 195.49 G8III
75651219 51 04.1+22 36 364.95 B2.5Ve v
75921319 53 27.7+24 04 474.58 B9.5III 3.21.0
76411419 59 10.5+23 06 055.67 R F0
76531520 01 06.1+27 45 134.64 A4III
76571620 02 01.4+24 56 175.22 F2III 0.30.8
76881720 06 53.4+23 36 525.07 B3V
77111820 10 33.5+26 54 155.52 A3III
77181920 11 48.0+26 48 325.49 K3II-III
77192020 12 00.7+26 28 445.92 B7Ve
77312120 14 14.5+28 41 415.18 A7IVn
77412220 15 30.2+23 30 315.15 G3Ib-II
77442320 15 46.1+27 48 514.52 K3-IIIFe-1
77532420 16 47.1+24 40 165.32 G8III
77892520 22 03.4+24 26 465.54 B8IIIne
78742620 36 08.3+25 52 576.41 A5III
78802720 37 04.7+26 27 435.59 B9V
78912920 38 31.3+21 12 044.82 A0V
78942820 38 31.9+24 06 585.04 B5IV
79393020 44 52.5+25 16 144.91 K2III
79953120 52 07.7+27 05 494.59 G7IIIFe-1
80083220 54 33.6+28 03 275.01 K4III
80323320 58 16.4+22 19 335.31 K3.5III
82173521 27 40.1+27 36 315.41 A1V

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 684219 55 02.3+29 17 23PN13.613.10.95F, pL, vlEPK 65+0.1, Sh2-95, CS=16.0
NGC 685319 59 36.3+22 43 18PN7.67.46.7!!!, vB, vL, biN, iE (Dumbbell)M 27, PK 60-3.1, CS=13.9, Dumbbell nebula
Galactic Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 681319 40 24.0+27 18 34EN3 × 3** in vF, S nebSG 3.148
NGC 682019 42 28.0+23 05 15EN15.00.5 × 0.5F, S, R, bMIRAS 19403+2258, knot in Sh2-86
IC 495420 04 45.0+29 15 12RN3 × 3D neb *, iF, * 11 closeLBN 153, CED 175
IC 495520 04 53.0+29 11 24RN5 × 5Fine neb * 12LBN 153, CED 175
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 679319 23 12.6+22 09 27IV2p7Cl, P, lCOCL 115
NGC 680019 27 00.0+25 05 30III2p5Cl, vL, pRi, vlC, st 10…OCL 123
NGC 680219 30 36.0+20 15 42III1m8.85Cl, L, vC, E 0°, st 14…18OCL 114
NGC 682319 43 10.0+23 18 00I3pn7.17Cl, eRi, E, st 11…12OCL 124, LBN 135
NGC 682719 48 53.2+21 12 58I1m2vF, E, dif, sev st invOCL 120
NGC 683019 51 00.0+23 06 00II2p7.96Cl, L, pRi, pC, st 11…12OCL 125
NGC 688520 11 40.6+26 32 54*Grp5Cl, vB, vL, Ri, lC, st 6…11NGC 6882, OCL 132, with 20 Vul
NGC 694020 34 32.3+28 16 49III2m6.325Cl, vB, vL, vRi, cC, st pLOCL 141
IC 129919 22 42.0+20 44 24OCL14.02 × 1S Cl of vF st
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 692120 28 28.9+25 43 26S0-a14.413.40.9 × 0.2F, S, EUGC 11570, MCG 4-48-1, IRAS 20264+2533
NGC 705221 18 33.0+26 26 50E513.612.62.1 × 1.1F, S, vlE, rUGC 11718, MCG 4-50-6, CGCG 471-5
NGC 708021 30 01.9+26 43 06SBb13.112.31.8 × 1.7vF, S, vlEUGC 11756, MCG 4-50-12, CGCG 471-11, NPM1G +26.0474, IRAS 21278+2629

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)