Sternbild Tucana (Tukan)

Tucana
Tucana: IAU Sternbildkarte [150]

Eigenschaften

Die Sternbildfigur selbst ist relativ unscheinbar, dennoch ist der Tukan leicht zu finden, denn in seinem südlichen Teil befintet sich die Kleine Magellansche Wolke mit dem hellen Kugelsternhaufen 47 Tucanae westlich davon, der einem verwaschenen Stern gleicht. Die Fläche dieses Sternbilds beträgt 295 Quadratgrad und das Zentrum kulminiert jeweils etwa am 17. September um Mitternacht. [9, 15]

Daten für das Sternbild Tucana [150]
IAU NameTucana
IAU GenitivTucanae
IAU KürzelTuc
Deutscher NameTukan
Saison (47° N)Nicht sichtbar
Rektaszension22h 08m 27s … 01h 24m 49s
Deklination-75° 20' 50" … -56° 18' 46"
Fläche295 deg2
Nachbarn (N↻)Phe, Gru, Ind, Oct, Hyi, Eri

Geschichte

Das Sternbild wurde 1603 von Johann Bayer eingeführt. Es stellt einen Tukan oder Pfefferfresser (Rhamphastidae), einen in den Waldgebieten von Mittel- und Südamerika heimischen Vogel, dar. Diese Vögel besitzen einen mächtigen, hohen und oft sehr lebhaften gefärbten Schnabel. [6, 7]

Kataloge

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
77ζ00 20 04.3-64 52 294.23 F9V
83π00 20 39.0-69 37 305.51 B9V
126β100 31 32.7-62 57 294.37 B9V 0.227.0
127β200 31 33.6-62 57 574.54 A2V+A7V 0.227.0
136β300 32 43.8-63 01 525.09 A0V 0.20.1
139θ00 33 23.3-71 15 586.13 A7IV
187ρ00 42 28.4-65 28 055.39 F6V
252λ100 52 24.3-69 30 166.22 F7IV-V 0.720.6
270λ200 55 00.3-69 31 375.45 K2III
332ι01 07 18.7-61 46 315.37 G5III
377κ01 15 46.1-68 52 344.86 F6IV 2.25.2
8502α22 18 30.1-60 15 352.86 K3III 0.1
8540δ22 27 20.0-64 57 594.48 B9.5V 4.56.9
8582ν22 33 00.1-61 58 564.81 M4III
8848γ23 17 25.8-58 14 093.99 F1III
9062η23 57 35.2-64 17 545.00 A1V
9076ε23 59 55.0-65 34 384.50 B9IV v

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Galaktische Nebel
NameRADecTypbMagvMagDimDreyer BeschreibungIdentifikation, Anmerkungen
NGC 24800 45 24.0-73 22 49EN1F, S, E or biN, vglbMESO 29-EN8, in SMC
NGC 24900 45 31.8-73 04 49EN13.82F, pL, vlE, rESO 29-EN9, in SMC
NGC 26100 46 27.9-73 06 14EN13.01.9F, pL, R, gbM * 13ESO 29-EN12, in SMC
NGC 34600 59 05.0-72 10 38EN+OCL14 × 11B, L, viF, mbMD *, rESO 51-SC10, largest EN in SMC
NGC 45601 13 46.0-73 17 30EN+OCL15 × 15pF, pL, iR, r, 1st of sevESO 29-SC38, in SMC
IC 164401 09 12.0-73 11 44ENPlanetary, stellESO 29-EN35, in SMC
Offene Sternhaufen
NameRADecTypbMagvMagDimDreyer BeschreibungIdentifikation, Anmerkungen
NGC 15200 32 56.9-73 06 58OCL11.91.7vF, L, R, vglbMESO 28-SC24, in SMC
NGC 17600 35 58.8-73 09 58OCL12.71eF, S, vlE, r, * 8 nrESO 29-SC2, in SMC
NGC 22000 40 30.0-73 24 15OCL12.40.8F, iR, vgbM, 1st of severalESO 29-SC3, in SMC
NGC 22200 40 43.7-73 23 09OCL12.20.6vF, R, 2nd of severalESO 29-SC4, in SMC
NGC 23100 41 06.4-73 21 09OCL12.70.8i train of st and nebESO 29-SC5, in SMC
NGC 24200 43 33.2-73 26 33OCL12.10.9vF, S, bi-NNGC 241, ESO 29-SC6, in SMC
NGC 25600 45 53.3-73 30 25OCL12.70.6F, S, R, gbM, * 9 nf 40"ESO 29-SC11, in SMC
NGC 26500 47 11.1-73 28 38OCL12.21F, pS, RESO 29-SC14, in SMC
NGC 26700 48 02.9-73 16 27OCL2.5Cl, F, pL, st vSESO 29-SC15, in SMC
NGC 26900 48 21.0-73 31 54OCL13.30.6vF, S, RESO 29-SC16, in SMC
NGC 29000 51 14.7-73 09 45OCL12.00.8eFESO 29-SC19, in SMC
NGC 29400 53 05.7-73 22 50OCL12.70.8vF, pL, R, vglbM, rESO 29-SC22, in SMC
NGC 29900 53 24.7-72 11 47OCL11.70.7pB, vS, R, gvlbR, rESO 51-SC5, in SMC
NGC 30600 54 15.1-72 14 33OCL12.50.8F, vSESO 29-SC23, in SMC
NGC 33000 56 19.8-72 27 44OCL9.61.4globular, vB, S, lE, st 13…15ESO 29-SC24, in SMC
NGC 33900 57 45.0-74 28 20OCL12.012.82.2F, L, R, vgbMESO 29-SC25, in SMC
NGC 36101 02 11.1-71 36 24OCL+EN12.01.6vvF, pL, vlE, vgbMESO 51-SC12, in SMC
NGC 37101 03 26.0-72 03 54OCL+EN7.5Cl, F, L, R, pC, st 14…16ESO 51-SC14, in SMC
NGC 37601 03 53.4-72 49 26OCL10.91globular, B, S, RESO 29-SC29, in SMC
NGC 39501 05 07.3-71 59 39OCL+EN17vF, pL, R, glbMESO 51-SC16, in SMC
NGC 41101 07 55.7-71 46 07OCL11.012.21.3eF, pL, R, gvlbMESO 51-SC19, in SMC
NGC 41601 07 58.5-72 21 25OCL12.61.2F, pS, R, gbMESO 29-SC32, in SMC
NGC 41901 08 17.2-72 53 00OCL11.22.4pB, pL, R, gbMESO 29-SC33, in SMC
NGC 42201 09 25.4-71 46 00OCL13.4vF (in Nubec. minor)ESO 51-SC22, in SMC
NGC 45801 14 51.6-71 33 04OCL10.51.5pF, L, R, vgbMESO 51-SC26, in SMC
NGC 46001 14 38.0-73 17 30OCL+EN12.51F, pL, iR, gbM, r, 2nd of sevESO 29-SC39, in SMC
NGC 46501 15 42.7-73 19 27OCL11.52pB, pL, iF, 3rd of sevESO 29-SC40, in SMC
IC 161100 59 48.7-72 19 57OCL12.01vF, bMESO 29-SC27, in SMC
IC 161200 59 59.6-72 22 15OCL12.50.7eF, vSESO 29-SC28, in SMC
IC 162401 05 21.9-72 02 33OCL12.90.7vF, S, RESO 51-SC17
IC 162601 06 13.4-73 17 53OCLvF, cS, RESO 29-SC30, in SMC
IC 164101 09 39.1-71 46 08OCLeF, eS, RESO 51-SC21
IC 165501 11 53.8-71 19 54OCL1Cl, C, eF, vSESO 51-SC23
IC 166001 12 38.4-71 45 41OCLeF, vS, R, stell N or F * in MESO 51-SC24
IC 166201 12 33.3-73 27 25OCLvF, eS, ? vS ClESO 29-SC37, in SMC
Kugelsternhaufen
NameRADecTypbMagvMagDimDreyer BeschreibungIdentifikation, Anmerkungen
NGC 10400 24 05.2-72 04 49III4.050globular!! vB, vL, vmCMGCL 1, ESO 50-SC9, 47 Tuc
NGC 12100 26 47.1-71 32 12GCL11.211.21.5pB, pS, lE, vgbMESO 50-SC12, in SMC
NGC 36201 03 14.3-70 50 52III6.814globular, vB, vL, vC, vmbM, st 13-14GCL 3, ESO 51-SC13
Galaxien
NameRADecTypbMagvMagDimDreyer BeschreibungIdentifikation, Anmerkungen
NGC 5300 14 43.0-60 19 43SBb13.312.62 × 1.4eF, S, R, bMESO 111-20, FAIR 3, AM 0012-603
NGC 29200 52 38.0-72 48 00SBm2.72.3319.1 × 205.1Cl, F, eeL, R, st 12…18ESO 29-21, A 0051-73, IRAS 00510-7306, SMC, Nubecula minor
NGC 36001 02 51.5-65 36 32Sbc13.312.53.6 × 0.5eF, vmE 145°, vlbMESO 79-14, FGCE 119
NGC 40601 07 24.4-69 52 34Sc13.112.52.6 × 1F, vL, R, vglbMESO 51-18, IRAS 01057-7008
NGC 43201 11 46.3-61 31 39E-S014.013.01.3 × 1.2F, S, R, gbM, * 12 fESO 113-22
NGC 43401 12 14.3-58 14 50SBab12.812.02.2 × 1.2B, S, R, psbMESO 113-23, AM 0110-583
NGC 434 A01 12 30.2-58 12 28SB0-a15.814.91.2 × 0.3B, S, R, psbMESO 113-24
NGC 44001 12 48.4-58 16 58Sbc13.713.21.2 × 0.7F, vS, RESO 113-25, AM 0110-583
NGC 46601 17 13.5-58 54 35S0-a13.612.71.7 × 1.5vF, pS, R, gbMESO 113-34, AM 0115-591
NGC 48401 19 34.8-58 31 28E-S012.111.11.9 × 1.4vB, S, lE, psmbMESO 113-36
NGC 720522 08 33.2-57 26 33Sbc11.611.04 × 2pB, L, cE, gpslbMESO 146-9, AM 2205-574
NGC 721922 13 08.9-64 50 56SBa13.312.51.7 × 1pB, S, R, 2 st nrESO 108-19, FAIR 1002, IRAS 22094-6505
NGC 727822 28 22.6-60 10 10SBc15.114.40.8 × 0.5eeF, lE, vgvlbM, 3 st sfESO 146-27
NGC 732922 40 24.2-66 28 45SBbc12.111.33.7 × 2.7pB, pS, mE 90°ESO 109-12, AM 2236-664, IRAS 22369-6644
NGC 735822 45 36.3-65 07 18S013.812.81.9 × 0.5F, S, R, bMESO 109-18
NGC 740822 55 56.7-63 41 43SBc13.312.61.6 × 1.2pB, pS, R, vglbMESO 109-26, IRAS 22527-6357
NGC 741722 57 49.1-65 02 18SBab13.212.32.4 × 1.6pB, cS, R, gpmbMESO 109-28
NGC 762223 21 38.5-62 07 03E/SB014.413.41.2 × 0.4eF, eS, am 5 st (doubtful)ESO 148-8, AM 2318-622
NGC 765023 25 20.9-57 47 28SBc13.112.71.4 × 1.1pF, pS, R, glbM, np of 2ESO 148-10, AM 2322-580, IRAS 23225-5803
NGC 765223 25 37.6-57 53 15Sa14.413.51.2 × 0.7eF, S, R, sf of 2ESO 148-11, AM 2322-580
NGC 765723 26 47.1-57 48 19SBd14.714.11.4 × 0.4eF, RESO 148-12
NGC 766123 27 14.5-65 16 18SBc14.113.41.8 × 1.2eF, cL, R, vgvlbMESO 110-11
NGC 767623 29 01.7-59 43 00E-S012.511.51.6 × 0.9B, S, lE, vsvmbM * 11ESO 148-16, AM 2326-595
NGC 769723 34 52.3-65 23 46Sb14.313.51.6 × 0.3eeF, pL (certain)IC 5333, ESO 110-12, AM 2332-654, IRAS 23320-6540
NGC 773323 42 32.9-65 57 22SBb14.313.61.3 × 0.8eF, S, R, p of 2ESO 110-22, ESO 78-1, AM 2339-661
NGC 773423 42 43.0-65 56 39SBb13.913.11.4 × 1.2eF, cS, R, f of 2ESO 110-23, ESO 78-2, AM 2339-661, IRAS 23398-6613
NGC 782300 04 45.8-62 03 40SBbc13.412.61.1 × 1F, S, R, gbMESO 111-12, IRAS 00022-6220
IC 153200 09 53.4-64 22 16SBbc14.814.01.6 × 0.52' l, mE, bMESO 78-17
IC 159700 53 32.1-58 06 26Sb15.014.21.7 × 0.3eF, eS, cE 165°, cbMESO 112-10
IC 516522 10 06.9-64 34 42SBab14.713.91.3 × 0.4eF, eSESO 108-15
IC 517622 14 55.0-66 51 00SBbc13.512.74.4 × 0.5vF, S, eE 30°, * nESO 108-20, FGCE 1717, AM 2211-670, IRAS 22112-6705
IC 518222 16 05.0-65 27 17Sd15.314.70.7 × 0.4eF, eS, bMESO 108-22
IC 518522 17 43.8-65 51 27Sc15.014.10.5 × 0.4eF, vS, bMESO 108-24, IRAS 22140-6606
IC 518722 18 18.0-59 36 26Sc14.713.90.5 × 0.5vS, R, disc, magn 14.5ESO 146-16
IC 518822 18 26.2-59 38 26SBc14.013.31.3 × 1.1F, cS, R, cbMESO 146-17, AM 2215-595
IC 519022 19 00.9-59 52 58SBbc15.014.21.2 × 0.7vF, 2 br spir, * 15 in MESO 146-18
IC 519622 20 11.3-65 24 17Sc15.414.71.3 × 0.1eF, eeS, eE 105°, stell NESO 108-25, IRAS 22165-6539
IC 519722 19 49.4-60 08 11SBb14.914.11.1 × 0.5bM, magn 15ESO 146-19
IC 520022 22 15.6-65 45 59Sc16.015.30.7 × 0.4eeF, eS, R, F * np 1'ESO 108-26
IC 520222 22 55.3-65 48 09SBc14.513.81.3 × 0.6! eF, vS, stell N, spirESO 108-27
IC 520322 22 34.3-59 46 24SBc14.914.21.3 × 0.7bM, magn 15ESO 146-20, AM 2219-600, IRAS 22192-6001
IC 520522 22 47.7-59 47 12Sc16.015.20.8 × 0.4bM, magn 16ESO 146-21
IC 520622 24 04.5-66 51 28SBbc15.314.50.9 × 0.6eF, vS, R, stell NESO 108-28
IC 520722 23 29.2-60 33 56SBc15.214.51.5 × 0.9bM, magn 16ESO 146-22
IC 520822 24 34.1-65 13 39S0-a14.713.81.6 × 0.2eeF, eS, eE 65°, stell NESO 108-29
IC 521322 25 04.9-60 28 34Sc15.815.00.6 × 0.5bM, magn 16ESO 146-23
IC 521522 26 58.0-65 58 58Sc15.714.90.6 × 0.5eF, vS, R, * 2' nf, suspESO 109-3
IC 521822 28 05.8-60 23 41SBbc15.114.31.3 × 0.5F, pS, E 195°ESO 146-26, IRAS 22248-6038
IC 521922 28 44.1-65 53 37Sc15.915.10.8 × 0.5eF, eS, cE 15°, suspESO 109-4, AM 2225-660
IC 522022 28 02.4-59 43 22Sc15.014.31.1 × 0.3F, pS, E 105°ESO 146-25
IC 522122 28 57.9-65 54 15E215.914.90.5 × 0.4eF, bM, suspESO 109-5, AM 2225-660
IC 522222 29 54.7-65 39 41SBbc13.512.81.9 × 1.3! eF, pS, stell N, suspESO 109-6, FAIR 193, AM 2226-655, IRAS 22263-6555
IC 522722 34 03.6-64 41 52SBab13.913.11.4 × 1F, S, stell NESO 109-8, AM 2230-645, IRAS 22306-6457
IC 522922 34 50.3-61 22 52Sc15.114.40.7 × 0.7bM, magn 15ESO 147-1
IC 523022 35 40.2-61 32 50Sc15.114.31.1 × 0.4eF, eS, cE 35°, cbMESO 147-2, IRAS 22323-6148
IC 523422 40 11.4-65 49 29S0-a15.314.41 × 0.4eF, eeS, cE 165°, cbMESO 109-11
IC 523522 41 25.6-66 34 49S0-a13.512.60.5 × 0.4eeF, bMESO 109-13
IC 523622 41 30.4-66 37 04S015.414.40.8 × 0.4eF, eeS, cE 60°, bMESO 109-14
IC 523822 41 29.9-60 45 28Sc15.815.00.8 × 0.3F, vS, vlEESO 147-4, AM 2238-610
IC 524422 44 13.5-64 02 35Sb13.412.63 × 0.4eF, pS, eE 0°, stell NESO 109-15
IC 524522 44 56.6-65 21 27S0-a15.114.20.8 × 0.7eF, eS, R, F * np 0'.5ESO 109-16
IC 524622 46 39.5-64 53 52Sc14.713.81 × 0.6eF, eSESO 109-19, AM 2243-650
IC 524722 46 49.9-65 16 25Sc14.813.91.3 × 0.4vF, vS, mE 125°, mbMESO 109-20
IC 524922 47 06.4-64 49 50SBcd14.313.63.6 × 0.4eF, vS, eE 15°, vlbMESO 109-21, FGCE 1777, AM 2244-651, extremely flat!
IC 5250 A22 47 17.2-65 03 38S012.111.13.1 × 3cB, S, R, F * f 0'.5ESO 109-22, FAIR 197
IC 5250 B22 47 21.9-65 03 31S012.211.23 × 2.9cB, S, R, F * f 0'.5ESO 109-22A
IC 526622 58 21.0-65 07 45Sb14.513.71.6 × 0.4eF, vS, eE, stell NESO 109-29, IRAS 22552-6523
IC 527222 59 31.2-65 11 34Sm14.714.11.2 × 0.8eF, vS, RESO 109-30, FAIR 200
IC 527723 01 59.4-65 11 53C15.314.30.5 × 0.5vF, S, R, alm. a *, suspESO 109-31
IC 528023 03 50.0-65 12 27Sab14.814.01.4 × 0.5eF, vS, eE 5°, stell N, bet 2 st, suspESO 109-33
IC 530223 19 36.6-64 34 08SB015.014.01.2 × 0.3vF, vS, 2 st nr, suspESO 110-9
IC 532023 28 21.8-67 45 36S015.214.20.6 × 0.5bM, magn 14ESO 77-21, AM 2325-680
IC 532223 28 30.8-67 45 38S015.114.10.7 × 0.5bM, magn 14ESO 77-22, AM 2325-680, IRAS 23255-6802
IC 532323 27 37.1-67 48 55SB0-a13.913.01.6 × 1.1F, S, bMESO 77-19, AM 2325-680
IC 532423 28 17.6-67 49 16E-S014.013.01.1 × 1F, S, bMESO 77-20, AM 2325-680
IC 533523 35 47.2-67 23 47S015.114.11.1 × 0.5F, S, suspESO 77-25, AM 2332-674, IRAS 23329-6740
IC 533923 38 05.3-68 26 30E-S014.513.51 × 0.9bMESO 77-26
IC 538000 02 49.5-66 11 12Sab15.514.70.8 × 0.4vlEESO 78-11
IC 538200 03 26.3-65 11 48Sc15.314.60.8 × 0.7alm R, lbMESO 78-13

Quellenangaben

6«Das neue Lexikon; Band 1-10»; Weltbild Verlag; © Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim 1984
7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)