Sternbild Tucana (Tukan)

Tucana
Tucana: IAU Sternbildkarte [150]

Eigenschaften

Die Sternbildfigur selbst ist relativ unscheinbar, dennoch ist der Tukan leicht zu finden, denn in seinem südlichen Teil befintet sich die Kleine Magellansche Wolke mit dem hellen Kugelsternhaufen 47 Tucanae westlich davon, der einem verwaschenen Stern gleicht. Die Fläche dieses Sternbilds beträgt 295 Quadratgrad und das Zentrum kulminiert jeweils etwa am 17. September um Mitternacht. [9, 15]

Daten für das Sternbild Tucana [150]
IAU NameTucana
IAU GenitivTucanae
IAU KürzelTuc
Deutscher NameTukan
Saison (47° N)Nicht sichtbar
Rektaszension22h 08m 28s … 1h 24m 50s
Deklination-75° 20' 50" … -56° 18' 46"
Fläche295 deg2
Nachbarn (N↻)Phe, Gru, Ind, Oct, Hyi, Eri

Geschichte

Das Sternbild wurde 1603 von Johann Bayer eingeführt. Es stellt einen Tukan oder Pfefferfresser (Rhamphastidae), einen in den Waldgebieten von Mittel- und Südamerika heimischen Vogel, dar. Diese Vögel besitzen einen mächtigen, hohen und oft sehr lebhaften gefärbten Schnabel. [6, 7]

Kataloge

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
77ζ00 20 04.3-64 52 294.23 F9V
83π00 20 39.0-69 37 305.51 B9V
126β100 31 32.7-62 57 294.37 B9V 0.227.0
127β200 31 33.6-62 57 574.54 A2V+A7V 0.227.0
136β300 32 43.8-63 01 525.09 A0V 0.20.1
139θ00 33 23.3-71 15 586.13 A7IV
187ρ00 42 28.4-65 28 055.39 F6V
252λ100 52 24.3-69 30 166.22 F7IV-V 0.720.6
270λ200 55 00.3-69 31 375.45 K2III
332ι01 07 18.7-61 46 315.37 G5III
377κ01 15 46.1-68 52 344.86 F6IV 2.25.2
8502α22 18 30.1-60 15 352.86 K3III 0.1
8540δ22 27 20.0-64 57 594.48 B9.5V 4.56.9
8582ν22 33 00.1-61 58 564.81 M4III
8848γ23 17 25.8-58 14 093.99 F1III
9062η23 57 35.2-64 17 545.00 A1V
9076ε23 59 55.0-65 34 384.50 B9IV v

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue», Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
NameRADecTypBmagVmagDimDreyer BeschreibungIdentifikation
NGC 53 00 14 43.0-60 19 43Gx (SBb)13.312.62.00 × 1.4eF, S, R, bMESO 111-20, FAIR 3, AM 0012-603
NGC 104 00 24 05.2-72 04 49GCL (III)4.050.00globular!! vB, vL, vmCMGCL 1, ESO 50-SC9, 47 Tuc
NGC 121 00 26 47.1-71 32 12GCL11.211.21.50pB, pS, lE, vgbMESO 50-SC12, in SMC
NGC 152 00 32 56.9-73 06 58OCL11.91.70vF, L, R, vglbMESO 28-SC24, in SMC
NGC 176 00 35 58.8-73 09 58OCL12.71.00eF, S, vlE, r, * 8 nrESO 29-SC2, in SMC
NGC 220 00 40 30.0-73 24 15OCL12.40.80F, iR, vgbM, 1st of severalESO 29-SC3, in SMC
NGC 222 00 40 43.7-73 23 09OCL12.20.60vF, R, 2nd of severalESO 29-SC4, in SMC
NGC 231 00 41 06.4-73 21 09OCL12.70.80i train of st and nebESO 29-SC5, in SMC
NGC 241 00 43 33.2-73 26 33OCL12.10.90vF, RNGC 242, ESO 29-SC6, in SMC
NGC 242 00 43 33.2-73 26 33OCL12.10.90vF, S, bi-NNGC 241, ESO 29-SC6, in SMC
NGC 248 00 45 24.0-73 22 49EN1.00F, S, E or biN, vglbMESO 29-EN8, in SMC
NGC 249 00 45 31.8-73 04 49EN13.82.00F, pL, vlE, rESO 29-EN9, in SMC
NGC 256 00 45 53.3-73 30 25OCL12.70.60F, S, R, gbM, * 9 nf 40"ESO 29-SC11, in SMC
NGC 261 00 46 27.9-73 06 14EN13.01.90F, pL, R, gbM * 13ESO 29-EN12, in SMC
NGC 265 00 47 11.1-73 28 38OCL12.21.00F, pS, RESO 29-SC14, in SMC
NGC 267 00 48 02.9-73 16 27OCL2.50Cl, F, pL, st vSESO 29-SC15, in SMC
NGC 269 00 48 21.0-73 31 54OCL13.30.60vF, S, RESO 29-SC16, in SMC
NGC 290 00 51 14.7-73 09 45OCL12.00.80eFESO 29-SC19, in SMC
NGC 292 00 52 38.0-72 48 00Gx (SBm)2.72.3319.10 × 205.1Cl, F, eeL, R, st 12…18ESO 29-21, A 0051-73, IRAS 00510-7306, SMC, Nubecula minor
NGC 294 00 53 05.7-73 22 50OCL12.70.80vF, pL, R, vglbM, rESO 29-SC22, in SMC
NGC 299 00 53 24.7-72 11 47OCL11.70.70pB, vS, R, gvlbR, rESO 51-SC5, in SMC
NGC 306 00 54 15.1-72 14 33OCL12.50.80F, vSESO 29-SC23, in SMC
NGC 330 00 56 19.8-72 27 44OCL9.61.40globular, vB, S, lE, st 13…15ESO 29-SC24, in SMC
NGC 339 00 57 45.0-74 28 20OCL12.012.82.20F, L, R, vgbMESO 29-SC25, in SMC
NGC 346 00 59 05.0-72 10 38EN+OCL14.00 × 11.0B, L, viF, mbMD *, rESO 51-SC10, largest EN in SMC
NGC 360 01 02 51.5-65 36 32Gx (Sbc)13.312.53.60 × 0.5eF, vmE 145°, vlbMESO 79-14, FGCE 119
NGC 361 01 02 11.1-71 36 24OCL (OCL+EN)12.01.60vvF, pL, vlE, vgbMESO 51-SC12, in SMC
NGC 362 01 03 14.3-70 50 52GCL (III)6.814.00globular, vB, vL, vC, vmbM, st 13-14GCL 3, ESO 51-SC13
NGC 371 01 03 26.0-72 03 54OCL (OCL+EN)7.50Cl, F, L, R, pC, st 14…16ESO 51-SC14
NGC 376 01 03 53.4-72 49 26OCL10.91.00globular, B, S, RESO 29-SC29, in SMC
NGC 395 01 05 07.3-71 59 39OCL (OCL+EN)17.00vF, pL, R, glbMESO 51-SC16, in SMC
NGC 406 01 07 24.4-69 52 34Gx (Sc)13.112.52.60 × 1.0F, vL, R, vglbMESO 51-18, IRAS 01057-7008
NGC 411 01 07 55.7-71 46 07OCL11.012.21.30eF, pL, R, gvlbMESO 51-SC19, in SMC
NGC 416 01 07 58.5-72 21 25OCL12.61.20F, pS, R, gbMESO 29-SC32, in SMC
NGC 419 01 08 17.2-72 53 00OCL11.22.40pB, pL, R, gbMESO 29-SC33, in SMC
NGC 422 01 09 25.4-71 46 00OCL13.4vF (in Nubec. minor)ESO 51-SC22, in SMC
NGC 432 01 11 46.3-61 31 39Gx (E-S0)14.013.01.30 × 1.2F, S, R, gbM, * 12 fESO 113-22
NGC 434 01 12 14.3-58 14 50Gx (SBab)12.812.02.20 × 1.2B, S, R, psbMESO 113-23, AM 0110-583
NGC 434 A01 12 30.2-58 12 28Gx (SB0-a)15.814.91.20 × 0.3B, S, R, psbMESO 113-24
NGC 440 01 12 48.4-58 16 58Gx (Sbc)13.713.21.20 × 0.7F, vS, RESO 113-25, AM 0110-583
NGC 456 01 13 46.0-73 17 30EN+OCL15.00 × 15.0pF, pL, iR, r, 1st of sevESO 29-SC38, in SMC
NGC 458 01 14 51.6-71 33 04OCL10.51.50pF, L, R, vgbMESO 51-SC26, in SMC
NGC 460 01 14 38.0-73 17 30OCL (OCL+EN)12.51.00F, pL, iR, gbM, r, 2nd of sevESO 29-SC39, in SMC
NGC 465 01 15 42.7-73 19 27OCL11.52.00pB, pL, iF, 3rd of sevESO 29-SC40, in SMC
NGC 466 01 17 13.5-58 54 35Gx (S0-a)13.612.71.70 × 1.5vF, pS, R, gbMESO 113-34, AM 0115-591
NGC 484 01 19 34.8-58 31 28Gx (E-S0)12.111.11.90 × 1.4vB, S, lE, psmbMESO 113-36
NGC 7205 22 08 33.2-57 26 33Gx (Sbc)11.611.04.00 × 2.0pB, L, cE, gpslbMESO 146-9, AM 2205-574
NGC 7219 22 13 08.9-64 50 56Gx (SBa)13.312.51.70 × 1.0pB, S, R, 2 st nrESO 108-19, FAIR 1002, IRAS 22094-6505
NGC 7278 22 28 22.6-60 10 10Gx (SBc)15.114.40.80 × 0.5eeF, lE, vgvlbM, 3 st sfESO 146-27
NGC 7329 22 40 24.2-66 28 45Gx (SBbc)12.111.33.70 × 2.7pB, pS, mE 90°ESO 109-12, AM 2236-664, IRAS 22369-6644
NGC 7358 22 45 36.3-65 07 18Gx (S0)13.812.81.90 × 0.5F, S, R, bMESO 109-18
NGC 7408 22 55 56.7-63 41 43Gx (SBc)13.312.61.60 × 1.2pB, pS, R, vglbMESO 109-26, IRAS 22527-6357
NGC 7417 22 57 49.1-65 02 18Gx (SBab)13.212.32.40 × 1.6pB, cS, R, gpmbMESO 109-28
NGC 7622 23 21 38.5-62 07 03Gx (E/SB0)14.413.41.20 × 0.4eF, eS, am 5 st (doubtful)ESO 148-8, AM 2318-622
NGC 7650 23 25 20.9-57 47 28Gx (SBc)13.112.71.40 × 1.1pF, pS, R, glbM, np of 2ESO 148-10, AM 2322-580, IRAS 23225-5803
NGC 7652 23 25 37.6-57 53 15Gx (Sa)14.413.51.20 × 0.7eF, S, R, sf of 2ESO 148-11, AM 2322-580
NGC 7657 23 26 47.1-57 48 19Gx (SBd)14.714.11.40 × 0.4eF, RESO 148-12
NGC 7661 23 27 14.5-65 16 18Gx (SBc)14.113.41.80 × 1.2eF, cL, R, vgvlbMESO 110-11
NGC 7676 23 29 01.7-59 43 00Gx (E-S0)12.511.51.60 × 0.9B, S, lE, vsvmbM * 11ESO 148-16, AM 2326-595
NGC 7697 23 34 52.3-65 23 46Gx (Sb)14.313.51.60 × 0.3eeF, pL (certain)IC 5333, ESO 110-12, AM 2332-654, IRAS 23320-6540
NGC 7733 23 42 32.9-65 57 22Gx (SBb)14.313.61.30 × 0.8eF, S, R, p of 2ESO 110-22, ESO 78-1, AM 2339-661
NGC 7734 23 42 43.0-65 56 39Gx (SBb)13.913.11.40 × 1.2eF, cS, R, f of 2ESO 110-23, ESO 78-2, AM 2339-661, IRAS 23398-6613
NGC 7823 00 04 45.8-62 03 40Gx (SBbc)13.412.61.10 × 1.0F, S, R, gbMESO 111-12, IRAS 00022-6220
IC 1532 00 09 53.4-64 22 16Gx (SBbc)14.814.01.60 × 0.52' l, mE, bMESO 78-17
IC 1597 00 53 32.1-58 06 26Gx (Sb)15.014.21.70 × 0.3eF, eS, cE 165°, cbMESO 112-10
IC 1611 00 59 48.7-72 19 57OCL12.01.00vF, bMESO 29-SC27, in SMC
IC 1612 00 59 59.6-72 22 15OCL12.50.70eF, vSESO 29-SC28, in SMC
IC 1624 01 05 21.9-72 02 33OCL12.90.70vF, S, RESO 51-SC17
IC 1626 01 06 13.4-73 17 53OCLvF, cS, RESO 29-SC30, in SMC
IC 1641 01 09 39.1-71 46 08OCLeF, eS, RESO 51-SC21
IC 1644 01 09 12.0-73 11 44ENPlanetary, stellESO 29-EN35, in SMC
IC 1655 01 11 53.8-71 19 54OCL1.00Cl, C, eF, vSESO 51-SC23
IC 1660 01 12 38.4-71 45 41OCLeF, vS, R, stell N or F * in MESO 51-SC24
IC 1662 01 12 33.3-73 27 25OCLvF, eS, ? vS ClESO 29-SC37, in SMC
IC 1664 01 14 18.5-69 48 42*22 F st inv in eeF neb
IC 5165 22 10 06.9-64 34 42Gx (SBab)14.713.91.30 × 0.4eF, eSESO 108-15
IC 5176 22 14 55.0-66 51 00Gx (SBbc)13.512.74.40 × 0.5vF, S, eE 30°, * nESO 108-20, FGCE 1717, AM 2211-670, IRAS 22112-6705
IC 5182 22 16 05.0-65 27 17Gx (Sd)15.314.70.70 × 0.4eF, eS, bMESO 108-22
IC 5185 22 17 43.8-65 51 27Gx (Sc)15.014.10.50 × 0.4eF, vS, bMESO 108-24, IRAS 22140-6606
IC 5187 22 18 18.0-59 36 26Gx (Sc)14.713.90.50 × 0.5vS, R, disc, magn 14.5ESO 146-16
IC 5188 22 18 26.2-59 38 26Gx (SBc)14.013.31.30 × 1.1F, cS, R, cbMESO 146-17, AM 2215-595
IC 5190 22 19 00.9-59 52 58Gx (SBbc)15.014.21.20 × 0.7vF, 2 br spir, * 15 in MESO 146-18
IC 5196 22 20 11.3-65 24 17Gx (Sc)15.414.71.30 × 0.1eF, eeS, eE 105°, stell NESO 108-25, IRAS 22165-6539
IC 5197 22 19 49.4-60 08 11Gx (SBb)14.914.11.10 × 0.5bM, magn 15ESO 146-19
IC 5200 22 22 15.6-65 45 59Gx (Sc)16.015.30.70 × 0.4eeF, eS, R, F * np 1'ESO 108-26
IC 5202 22 22 55.3-65 48 09Gx (SBc)14.513.81.30 × 0.6! eF, vS, stell N, spirESO 108-27
IC 5203 22 22 34.3-59 46 24Gx (SBc)14.914.21.30 × 0.7bM, magn 15ESO 146-20, AM 2219-600, IRAS 22192-6001
IC 5205 22 22 47.7-59 47 12Gx (Sc)16.015.20.80 × 0.4bM, magn 16ESO 146-21
IC 5206 22 24 04.5-66 51 28Gx (SBbc)15.314.50.90 × 0.6eF, vS, R, stell NESO 108-28
IC 5207 22 23 29.2-60 33 56Gx (SBc)15.214.51.50 × 0.9bM, magn 16ESO 146-22
IC 5208 22 24 34.1-65 13 39Gx (S0-a)14.713.81.60 × 0.2eeF, eS, eE 65°, stell NESO 108-29
IC 5213 22 25 04.9-60 28 34Gx (Sc)15.815.00.60 × 0.5bM, magn 16ESO 146-23
IC 5215 22 26 58.0-65 58 58Gx (Sc)15.714.90.60 × 0.5eF, vS, R, * 2' nf, suspESO 109-3
IC 5218 22 28 05.8-60 23 41Gx (SBbc)15.114.31.30 × 0.5F, pS, E 195°ESO 146-26, IRAS 22248-6038
IC 5219 22 28 44.1-65 53 37Gx (Sc)15.915.10.80 × 0.5eF, eS, cE 15°, suspESO 109-4, AM 2225-660
IC 5220 22 28 02.4-59 43 22Gx (Sc)15.014.31.10 × 0.3F, pS, E 105°ESO 146-25
IC 5221 22 28 57.9-65 54 15Gx (E2)15.914.90.50 × 0.4eF, bM, suspESO 109-5, AM 2225-660
IC 5222 22 29 54.7-65 39 41Gx (SBbc)13.512.81.90 × 1.3! eF, pS, stell N, suspESO 109-6, FAIR 193, AM 2226-655, IRAS 22263-6555
IC 5227 22 34 03.6-64 41 52Gx (SBab)13.913.11.40 × 1.0F, S, stell NESO 109-8, AM 2230-645, IRAS 22306-6457
IC 5229 22 34 50.3-61 22 52Gx (Sc)15.114.40.70 × 0.7bM, magn 15ESO 147-1
IC 5230 22 35 40.2-61 32 50Gx (Sc)15.114.31.10 × 0.4eF, eS, cE 35°, cbMESO 147-2, IRAS 22323-6148
IC 5234 22 40 11.4-65 49 29Gx (S0-a)15.314.41.00 × 0.4eF, eeS, cE 165°, cbMESO 109-11
IC 5235 22 41 25.6-66 34 49Gx (S0-a)13.512.60.50 × 0.4eeF, bMESO 109-13
IC 5236 22 41 30.4-66 37 04Gx (S0)15.414.40.80 × 0.4eF, eeS, cE 60°, bMESO 109-14
IC 5238 22 41 29.9-60 45 28Gx (Sc)15.815.00.80 × 0.3F, vS, vlEESO 147-4, AM 2238-610
IC 5244 22 44 13.5-64 02 35Gx (Sb)13.412.63.00 × 0.4eF, pS, eE 0°, stell NESO 109-15
IC 5245 22 44 56.6-65 21 27Gx (S0-a)15.114.20.80 × 0.7eF, eS, R, F * np 0'.5ESO 109-16
IC 5246 22 46 39.5-64 53 52Gx (Sc)14.713.81.00 × 0.6eF, eSESO 109-19, AM 2243-650
IC 5247 22 46 49.9-65 16 25Gx (Sc)14.813.91.30 × 0.4vF, vS, mE 125°, mbMESO 109-20
IC 5249 22 47 06.4-64 49 50Gx (SBcd)14.313.63.60 × 0.4eF, vS, eE 15°, vlbMESO 109-21, FGCE 1777, AM 2244-651, extremely flat!
IC 5250 A22 47 17.2-65 03 38Gx (S0)12.111.13.10 × 3.0cB, S, R, F * f 0'.5ESO 109-22, FAIR 197
IC 5250 B22 47 21.9-65 03 31Gx (S0)12.211.23.00 × 2.9cB, S, R, F * f 0'.5ESO 109-22A
IC 5266 22 58 21.0-65 07 45Gx (Sb)14.513.71.60 × 0.4eF, vS, eE, stell NESO 109-29, IRAS 22552-6523
IC 5272 22 59 31.2-65 11 34Gx (Sm)14.714.11.20 × 0.8eF, vS, RESO 109-30, FAIR 200
IC 5277 23 01 59.4-65 11 53Gx (C)15.314.30.50 × 0.5vF, S, R, alm. a *, suspESO 109-31
IC 5280 23 03 50.0-65 12 27Gx (Sab)14.814.01.40 × 0.5eF, vS, eE 5°, stell N, bet 2 st, suspESO 109-33
IC 5302 23 19 36.6-64 34 08Gx (SB0)15.014.01.20 × 0.3vF, vS, 2 st nr, suspESO 110-9
IC 5320 23 28 21.8-67 45 36Gx (S0)15.214.20.60 × 0.5bM, magn 14ESO 77-21, AM 2325-680
IC 5322 23 28 30.8-67 45 38Gx (S0)15.114.10.70 × 0.5bM, magn 14ESO 77-22, AM 2325-680, IRAS 23255-6802
IC 5323 23 27 37.1-67 48 55Gx (SB0-a)13.913.01.60 × 1.1F, S, bMESO 77-19, AM 2325-680
IC 5324 23 28 17.6-67 49 16Gx (E-S0)14.013.01.10 × 1.0F, S, bMESO 77-20, AM 2325-680
IC 5333 23 34 52.3-65 23 46Sb14.313.51.60 × 0.3cB, S, dif, suspNGC 7697, ESO 110-12, AM 2332-654, IRAS 23320-6540
IC 5335 23 35 47.2-67 23 47Gx (S0)15.114.11.10 × 0.5F, S, suspESO 77-25, AM 2332-674, IRAS 23329-6740
IC 5339 23 38 05.3-68 26 30Gx (E-S0)14.513.51.00 × 0.9bMESO 77-26
IC 5380 00 02 49.5-66 11 12Gx (Sab)15.514.70.80 × 0.4vlEESO 78-11
IC 5382 00 03 26.3-65 11 48Gx (Sc)15.314.60.80 × 0.7alm R, lbMESO 78-13

Quellenangaben

6«Das neue Lexikon; Band 1-10»; Weltbild Verlag; © Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim 1984
7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)