Constellation Taurus (Bull)

Taurus
Taurus: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

The constellation Taurus is located northwest of Orion and is surrounded by the two large, loose star clusters, the Hyades and the Pleiades, easy to identify. The brightest stars of the Hyades form a conspicuous V in the sky, which appears particularly prominent when the constellation is setting and it is directly above the western horizon. In most depictions, however, only the bull's head, as it looks down menacingly at the hunter Orion, is associated with the stars. The two horn stars β and ζ Tauri are also noticeable, although the northern one is not related to the constellation Auriga, however, it is usually counted among its pentagonal alignment. The area enclosed by the constellation border according to the IAU is 797 square degrees. The center of the constellation culminates around midnight on November 30th. [9, 15]

Stars with Proper Names:

  • α Tauri: Aldebaran, Cor Tauri, Parilicium
  • β Tauri: Alnath, El Nath, Nath
  • γ Tauri: Hyadum I
  • δ1 Tauri: Hyadum II
  • ε Tauri: Ain, Oculus Boreus
  • η Tauri: Alcyone
  • 16 Tauri: Celaeno, Celieno, Celeno, "Lost Pleiad"
  • 17 Tauri: Electra
  • 19 Tauri: Taygeta, Taygete
  • 20 Tauri: Maia
  • 21 Tauri: Asterope
  • 22 Tauri: Sterope Ii
  • 23 Tauri: Merope
  • 27 Tauri: Atlas
  • 28 Tauri: Pleione
Data for constellation Taurus [150]
IAU NameTaurus
IAU GenitiveTauri
IAU Abbr.Tau
English NameBull
Season (47° N)August … March
Right Ascension3h 23m 21s … 6h 00m 55s
Declination-1° 20' 47" … 31° 06' 02"
Area797 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Aur, Per, Ari, Cet, Eri, Ori, Gem

Deep-Sky Object Descriptions

Mythology and History

As one of the oldest constellations, Taurus was already known in the first advanced civilizations. It is believed that the constellation was around 5000 BC. Was formed. In Greek mythology, the bull tells the beautiful story that happened when Zeus (Jupiter) fell in love with the daughter of King Agenor, who ruled Tire in Phenicia. Zeus turned into a bull to kidnap the virgin Europe:

Hermes (Mercury) left the land named after Athena, swung his wings and soared skyward. Zeus called him aside and told him - without telling him his real intention - to go immediately to Phenicia and drive the king's young bulls to the coast in the mountains. This is where the great king's beautiful daughter usually enjoyed herself with other girls from Tire.

Zeus turned into a snow-white, strong and beautiful bull with horns, transparent as a precious stone. He mingled with the herd and thus approached lovely Europe. She admired the magnificent and peaceful bull. But even if he appeared meek, at first she shied away from touching him, but then came over and held flowers to his white mouth. Zeus, in love, was delighted, and while he hoped that his desire would be fulfilled, he kissed her hands. Sometimes he was playing with her and jumping around on the green lawn, sometimes he stretched out his snow-white flank in the yellowish sand. Little by little, Europe's fear faded. Now the bull let the girl's hands scratch its chest and wrap fresh wreaths around its horns.

At last the royal maiden dared to sit on the bull's back without knowing who was supposed to be carrying her. Then the god withdrew imperceptibly from the land and the dry coast and cunningly set foot in the outermost waves, went in more and more and carried his prey through the vastness of the sea. Europe looked back anxiously at the slowly receding coast, clutching the bull's mane with her right hand and her light robe with her left. The wind billowed in it and played with her long, blonde hair. Fear gave her new grace. Often she pulled her girl's feet up from the sea and feared the touch of the splashing water, often the god plunged her back into the waves with deceit so that she could hold on to his neck all the more closely. When they reached the other bank, Zeus suddenly stood there without his horns, and he had changed back from the bull to the god. They rose to heaven and the princess became his lover. [20, 77]

According to another variant of this story, Zeus did not turn himself into a bull, but rather sent a real bull to the virgin Europe to kidnap her from among her playmates. This bull then wandered about ownerless in Crete.

The Cretan Queen Pasiphae liked this beautiful bull so much that she commissioned the well-known artisan Daidalos to build a wooden cow that was imitated in a realistic way. Daidalos provided this hollow cow with a flap on the back and then covered it with cowhide. The voluptuous Pasiphae slipped into this cow to indulge her desires. The bull was grazing in the meadow near Gortys, finally came up, was fooled by the dummy and jumped on the supposed cow.

From this connection the Minotaur arose, a hideous hybrid creature. Soon the islanders decided to hide this eyesore from the eyes of the world and hid the Minotaur in a tortuous structure, in a dark wall. However, the bull that fathered this being was beaten with frenzy by Poseidon, god of the sea, as a punishment. Nothing is known of a punishment for the lustful Pasiphae. This bull, which wandered furiously and as a terrible plague on the island of Crete, was now to be captured alive by Heracles in his seventh task, which Eurysteus assigned him, and brought to Argus.

Based on the first story, there are the names Portitor Europae (ferryman of Europe) and Proditor Europae (traitor to Europe). The name Amasius Pasiphaes (lover of the Pasiphae) reminds of the second story. Other names are Bos (bull), Princeps Armenti (leader of the herd) and, strangely enough, Bubulcus (farm hand, ox handler), a name that is more likely to which Bootes would be entitled. [20]

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
1030ο103 24 48.8+09 01 443.60 G6IIIFe-1
1038ξ203 27 10.2+09 43 583.74 B9Vn
1061403 30 24.5+11 20 115.14 A0Vn
1066503 30 52.4+12 56 124.11 K0II-IIIFe-0.5 2.00.0
1079603 32 36.0+09 22 255.77 B9IV
1086703 34 26.6+24 27 525.92 A3V+A3V 0.20.7
11011003 36 52.4+00 24 064.28 F9IV-V 10.0396.0
11151203 39 51.1+03 03 255.57 gG6
11181103 40 46.3+25 19 466.11 A2IV 2.00.0
11261303 42 18.9+19 42 015.69 B9Vne
11321403 43 47.2+19 39 546.14 G8III
11401603 44 48.2+24 17 225.46 B7IV 2.00.0
11421703 44 52.5+24 06 483.70 B6III e2.00.0
11441803 45 09.7+24 50 215.64 B8V 0.00.1
11451903 45 12.5+24 28 024.30 B6IV 1.50.0
11492003 45 49.6+24 22 043.87 B8III v0.00.0
11512103 45 54.4+24 33 175.76 B8V
11522203 46 02.9+24 31 416.43 A0Vn 0.00.1
11532903 45 40.4+06 03 005.35 B3V 7.366.2
11562303 46 19.6+23 56 544.18 B6IVe v
1165η2503 47 29.1+24 06 182.87 B7IIIe 1.60.0
11743003 48 16.3+11 08 365.07 B3V+F5V 4.49.2
11782703 49 09.7+24 03 123.63 B8III 1.50.0
11802803 49 11.2+24 08 125.09 B8Vpe v
11993103 52 00.2+06 32 055.67 B5V 0.10.6
12183203 56 52.1+22 28 415.63 F2IV
12213303 57 03.8+23 10 326.06 B9.5IV 2.00.0
1239λ3504 00 40.8+12 29 253.47 B3V+A4IV
1251ν3804 03 09.4+05 59 213.91 A1V
12523604 04 21.7+24 06 215.47 G0III+A4V 0.00.0
12534004 03 44.6+05 26 085.33 B3V
12563704 04 41.7+22 04 554.36 K0+III-IIIaFe-0.2 5.0137.2
12623904 05 20.2+22 00 325.90 G5V 2.7170.1
12684104 06 36.4+27 36 005.20 B9pSi v
1269ψ4204 07 00.5+29 00 055.23 F1V
1283ω14304 09 10.0+19 36 335.50 K2III
12874404 10 49.9+26 28 515.41 F2IV-V
12924504 11 20.3+05 31 235.72 F4V 4.1124.1
13094604 13 33.1+07 42 585.29 F2V+F5V 0.20.1
13114704 13 56.4+09 15 494.84 G5III+A7V? 2.21.2
13194804 15 46.3+15 24 026.32 F5V 4.7151.4
1320μ4904 15 32.1+08 53 324.29 B3IV
1329ω25004 17 15.6+20 34 434.94 A3m 2.00.1
13315104 18 23.2+21 34 455.65 F0V 2.00.1
13395304 19 26.1+21 08 325.35 B9IV
13415604 19 36.7+21 46 255.38 A0pSi
1346γ5404 19 47.6+15 37 393.65 K0-IIIabCN1
1348φ5204 20 21.3+27 21 034.95 K1III 3.750.0
13515704 19 57.7+14 02 075.59 F0IV 7.934.9
13565804 20 36.3+15 05 435.26 F0V
13686004 22 03.5+14 04 385.72 A3m 7.1109.2
1369χ5904 22 34.9+25 37 455.37 B9V 3.019.4
1373δ16104 22 56.1+17 32 333.76 K0-IIICN0.5 8.7109.6
13766304 23 25.0+16 46 385.64 A1m 2.00.0
13786204 23 59.8+24 18 046.36 B3V 1.929.1
1380δ26404 24 05.8+17 26 384.80 A7V 8.5143.0
13816604 23 51.9+09 27 395.12 A3V 0.10.3
1387κ16504 25 22.1+22 17 384.22 A7IV-V 0.00.1
1388κ26704 25 25.0+22 11 595.28 A7V 0.00.1
1389δ36804 25 29.4+17 55 414.29 A2IV 3.71.5
13917004 25 37.3+15 56 276.46 F7V 0.00.1
1392υ6904 26 18.5+22 48 494.28 A8Vn 1.90.0
13947104 26 20.8+15 37 064.49 F0V 2.00.1
1396π7304 26 36.4+14 42 494.69 G7IIIaFe-1
13997204 27 17.5+22 59 475.53 B7V
14077504 28 26.4+16 21 354.97 K2III v2.50.0
14087604 28 23.4+14 44 275.90 F0IV
1409ε7404 28 37.0+19 10 493.53 G9.5IIICN0.5 7.0181.6
1411θ17704 28 34.5+15 57 443.84 K0IIIbFe-0.5 0.4337.4
1412θ27804 28 39.7+15 52 153.40 A7III 0.4337.4
14147904 28 50.2+13 02 515.03 A7V
14228004 30 08.6+15 38 175.58 F0V 2.21.7
14288104 30 38.9+15 41 315.48 A5m 3.9162.0
14308304 30 37.3+13 43 285.40 F0V 5.8111.9
14328504 31 51.8+15 51 066.02 F4V
1444ρ8604 33 50.9+14 50 404.65 A8V
1457α8704 35 55.2+16 30 330.85 K5+III v9.8121.7
14588804 35 39.3+10 09 394.25 A5m 3.669.7
14728904 38 09.4+16 02 005.79 F0V 5.9140.5
14739004 38 09.5+12 30 394.27 A6V 5.7119.8
1478σ19104 39 09.2+15 47 595.07 A4m 0.4431.2
1479σ29204 39 16.5+15 55 054.69 A5Vn 0.4431.2
14849304 40 03.4+12 11 525.46 B8IV
1497τ9404 42 14.7+22 57 254.28 B3V 0.70.1
14999504 43 13.8+24 05 206.13 F7IV-V
15379604 49 44.1+15 54 156.08 gK3 5.529.3
15479704 51 22.5+18 50 235.10 A7IV-V 5.3177.0
15869904 57 48.7+23 56 555.79 gG8 6.4103.5
15909804 58 09.4+25 03 015.81 A0V 5.894.6
1620ι10205 03 05.7+21 35 244.64 A7V 0.00.1
165610405 07 27.0+18 38 425.00 G4V 0.10.1
165810605 07 48.4+20 25 065.30 A5V
165910305 08 06.6+24 15 555.50 B2V e5.735.3
166010505 07 55.5+21 42 175.89 B2Ve 0.00.3
171110805 15 27.7+22 17 056.27 A2V 6.21.9
173910905 19 16.6+22 05 474.94 G8III
177411005 23 37.7+16 41 586.08 A2IV
178011105 24 25.4+17 23 004.99 F8V 2.985.7
1791β11205 26 17.5+28 36 271.65 B7III 33.4
179811305 26 05.7+16 42 016.25 B2Vn
180811505 27 10.1+17 57 445.42 B5V 1.20.1
181011405 27 38.1+21 56 134.88 B2.5IV 0.00.1
181411605 27 45.6+15 52 275.50 B9.5Vn
181611705 28 01.6+17 14 205.77 M1III
182111805 29 16.5+25 09 025.47 B8.5V 0.84.8
184511905 32 12.8+18 35 404.38 M2Iab-Ib e
185812005 33 31.6+18 32 255.69 B2IV-Ve
187512105 35 27.1+24 02 225.38 B2.5IV
190512205 37 03.8+17 02 255.54 F0V
1910ζ12305 37 38.7+21 08 333.00 B4IIIpe v2.00.0
192812505 39 44.2+25 53 495.18 B3IV 2.00.0
194612605 41 17.7+16 32 024.86 B3IV 0.40.4
198512905 46 45.5+15 49 216.00 B8IIIpHgMn:
198913105 47 13.2+14 29 185.72 A3Vn
199013005 47 26.2+17 43 455.49 F0III
199313305 47 42.9+13 53 595.29 B2IV-V 6.124.9
200213205 49 01.0+24 34 034.86 G8III v0.00.1
201013405 49 32.9+12 39 044.91 B9IV 5.418.9
201613505 50 28.9+14 18 205.52 gG9
203313705 52 22.3+14 10 185.59 B9pSiCrEu
203413605 53 19.6+27 36 444.58 A0V 1.50.0
208413905 57 59.7+25 57 144.82 B0.5II

«Revised New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue», Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke, 2021 [277]
NameRADecTypeBmagVmagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification
NGC 1312 03 23 41.8+01 11 04*2F
NGC 1349 03 31 27.4+04 22 53Gx (S0)14.213.10.80 × 0.8eeF, S, R, bet 2 stUGC 2774, MCG 1-9-6, CGCG 416-13, KARA 128, NPM1G +04.0118
NGC 1384 03 39 13.5+15 49 10Gx (Sc)15.214.50.90 × 0.5Neb * 13MCG 3-10-3, CGCG 465-4
NGC 1409 03 41 10.4-01 18 07Gx (SB0)14.813.81.00 × 0.8eF, stellar or lEUGC 2821, MCG 0-10-11, CGCG 391-28, KCPG 93A, VV 729, 3ZW 55, NPM1G -01.0133
NGC 1410 03 41 10.8-01 17 55Gx (E1)15.014.00.70 × 0.6Makes D neb with h 304, pos 0°UGC 2821, MCG 0-10-12, CGCG 391-28, KCPG 93B, VV 729, 3ZW 55
NGC 1431 03 44 40.7+02 50 08Gx (S0)15.114.11.00 × 0.8eF, pL, iRUGC 2845, MCG 0-10-17, CGCG 391-33, NPM1G +02.0129
NGC 1432 03 45 49.5+24 22 06RN26.00 × 26.0eF, vL, dif (Maja Plejadum)LBN 772, Maia nebula
NGC 1435 03 46 10.0+23 45 54RN30.00 × 30.0vF, vL, dif (Merope)CED 19I, Merope nebula
NGC 1456 03 48 08.3+22 33 30*2D * 10-12, comp nebulous (130°, 9")
NGC 1462 03 50 23.4+06 58 23Gx (S)15.214.40.90 × 0.5vF, S, vlEMCG 1-10-10, CGCG 417-7
NGC 1474 03 54 30.3+10 42 25Gx (SBa)14.713.81.10 × 1.0vF, S, RIC 2002, UGC 2898, MCG 2-10-3, CGCG 442-5, KARA 135
NGC 1488 04 00 04.7+18 34 00*2* 12 inv in Neb (Auw 19)
NGC 1497 04 02 06.8+23 08 00Gx (S0)14.113.11.50 × 0.7eF, vS, iR, mbMUGC 2929, MCG 4-10-8, CGCG 487-9, NPM1G +22.0134
NGC 1508 04 05 47.6+25 24 33Gx (Sc)15.214.50.70 × 0.6vF, vS, R, bM, rMCG 4-10-21, CGCG 487-21, NPM1G +25.0119
NGC 1514 04 09 17.0+30 46 35PN10.010.92.20* 9m in neb 3' diamPK 165-15.1, CS=9.4
NGC 1517 04 09 11.9+08 38 56Gx (Sc)14.113.41.10 × 1.0vF, vS, R, r, * 9, 10 sfUGC 2970, CGCG 418-13, IRAS 04064+0831
NGC 1539 104 19 01.9+26 49 39Gx (C)15.814.80.50 × 0.5vF, vS, gbMCGCG 488-1, 5ZW 373
NGC 1539 204 19 02.7+26 49 46Gx (C)17.616.60.30 × 0.3vF, vS, gbMCGCG 488-1, 5ZW 373
NGC 1541 04 17 00.2+00 50 07Gx (S0-a)14.613.61.30 × 0.5vF, SUGC 3001, MCG 0-11-40, CGCG 392-13
NGC 1542 04 17 14.1+04 46 55Gx (Sab)14.713.91.30 × 0.5vF, S, EUGC 3003, MCG 1-11-16, CGCG 418-17, KARA 145, IRAS 04145+0439
NGC 1550 04 19 38.1+02 24 34E-S013.112.02.20 × 1.9vF, S, R, * 13 nrNGC 1551, UGC 3012, MCG 0-11-55, CGCG 393-1
NGC 1551 04 19 38.1+02 24 34Gx (E-S0)13.112.02.20 × 1.9F, vS, R, probably = 835NGC 1550, UGC 3012, MCG 0-11-55, CGCG 393-1
NGC 1554 04 21 43.5+19 31 16*2!!! var, S, R, Nn = * 13LBN 817, CED 32A, Struve's Lost nebula
NGC 1555 04 21 56.7+19 32 04RN0.50!!! vF, S, variable (Auw 20)DG 31, CED 32B, vdB 28, Hind's variable nebula
NGC 1587 04 30 40.0+00 39 45Gx (E2)12.711.71.70 × 1.4F, pS, R, r, p of D nebUGC 3063, MCG 0-12-35, CGCG 393-28, KCPG 99A, 2ZW 12
NGC 1588 04 30 43.7+00 39 55Gx (E5)13.912.91.10 × 0.6F, vS, R, r, f of D nebUGC 3064, MCG 0-12-37, CGCG 393-29, KCPG 99B, MK 616, 2ZW 12, NPM1G +00.0155
NGC 1589 04 30 45.4+00 51 48Gx (Sab)12.811.83.20 × 1.0F, pL, lE 132°, * 42°, 80"UGC 3065, MCG 0-12-38, CGCG 393-30
NGC 1590 04 31 10.2+07 37 51Gx (S/P)14.513.70.90 × 0.7F, S, * 12 nfUGC 3071, MCG 1-12-8, CGCG 419-14, IRAS 04284+0731, 2ZW 13, KUG 0428+075
NGC 1593 04 32 06.1+00 34 04Gx (S0)14.413.41.60 × 0.6vFNGC 1608, IC 2077, UGC 3082, MCG 0-12-44, CGCG 393-37, NPM1G +00.0156
NGC 1608 04 32 06.1+00 34 04S014.413.41.60 × 0.6pF, eS, * 12 m 2' nNGC 1593, IC 2077, UGC 3082, MCG 0-12-44, CGCG 393-37, NPM1G +00.0156
NGC 1615 04 36 01.9+19 57 03Gx (E-S0)14.613.91.20 × 0.8vF, vS, R, lbM, vS * invUGC 3096, MCG 3-12-5, CGCG 467-3
NGC 1633 04 40 09.1+07 20 59Gx (SBab)14.313.51.00 × 0.9eF, S, R, * 8 sp, p of D nebUGC 3125, MCG 1-12-14, CGCG 419-23, KCPG 101A
NGC 1634 04 40 09.8+07 20 20Gx (E-S0)15.114.10.40 × 0.3eF, vS, f of D nebMCG 1-12-15, CGCG 419-22, ARAK 109, KCPG 101B
NGC 1642 04 42 54.9+00 37 08Gx (Sc)13.312.61.70 × 1.2F, R, Cometary, Δ with 2 st 18, fUGC 3140, MCG 0-12-72, CGCG 393-73, IRAS 04403+0031
NGC 1647 04 45 42.2+19 07 09OCL (II2m)6.440.00Cl, vL, st L, scOCL 457
NGC 1655 04 47 11.8+20 55 25*2pB, R, gbM, * 10 s
NGC 1674 04 52 25.0+23 51 37*GrpTwo F neb in same field
NGC 1675 04 52 25.0+23 51 37*GrpTwo F neb in same field
NGC 1746 05 03 50.0+23 46 12*Grp6.140.00Cl, POCL 452, no cluster
NGC 1750 05 03 54.0+23 39 30OCL25.00 × 12.0Cl, st L, vc scOCL 454
NGC 1758 05 04 36.0+23 47 54OCL (IV1p)40.00Cl, pC, st L and SOCL 453
NGC 1802 05 10 14.0+24 07 30OCL20.00Cl, st c sc*Grp ?
NGC 1807 05 10 46.0+16 30 48OCL (II2p)7.012.00Cl, pRi, st L & SOCL 462, * group?
NGC 1817 05 12 27.0+16 41 00OCL (III1m)7.720.00Cl, L, Ri, lC, st 11…14OCL 463
NGC 1952 05 34 31.9+22 00 52SNR8.46.00 × 4.0vB, vL, E 135° ±, vglbM, rM 1, LBN 833, Sh2-244, CED 53, Taurus A, Crab nebula
NGC 1988 05 37 26.5+21 13 07*11.0!!!, variable (?)near Zeta Tau
NGC 1996 05 38 10.2+25 49 04*Grp22.00Cl, L, lC, lRi
NGC 2026 05 43 12.0+20 08 00OCL10.00Cl, lRi, lC, st pL
NGC 2045 05 45 01.4+12 53 18*6.5* 8·9 with F nebSAO 94827
IC 322 03 26 00.5+03 40 49Gx (D)15.214.60.90 × 0.8vF, pL, vlbM, difficCGCG 390-89, CGCG 416-8
IC 329 03 32 01.3+00 16 48Gx (S?)15.214.30.90 × 0.4F, vS, R, lbMMCG 0-10-1, CGCG 391-2, NPM1G +00.0135
IC 330 03 32 07.9+00 21 12Gx (Sab)14.914.11.20 × 0.3F, vS, R, lbMUGC 2779, MCG 0-10-2, CGCG 391-4
IC 331 03 32 19.0+00 16 58Gx (S)14.713.90.90 × 0.9* 13 in nebMCG 0-10-3, CGCG 391-5, IRAS 03296+0005
IC 332 03 32 37.4+01 22 59Gx (S0-a)14.613.70.90 × 0.5F, vS, R, sbMMCG 0-10-4, CGCG 391-6, KARA 129, NPM1G +01.0123
IC 336 03 37 00.0+23 24 00ENvF, eeL, v dif
IC 338 03 37 38.1+03 07 06Gx (S?)14.713.80.80 × 0.7vF, S, dif, vF * closeMCG 0-10-7, CGCG 391-18
IC 341 03 40 00.0+22 00 00EN135.00vF, eeL, v difCED 19B
IC 349 03 46 20.0+23 56 23RN0.50 × 0.5eF, vS, Pos. 165°, Dist. 36" from MeropeCED 19I, Barnard's Merope nebula
IC 353 03 53 00.3+25 48 00EN180.00 × 30.0vF, eeL, v difLBN 601, Ced 24
IC 354 03 53 00.0+23 00 00EN130.00vF, eeL, v difCED 19q
IC 355 03 53 46.3+19 58 27Gx (Sc)15.614.90.50 × 0.5vF, S, R, difMCG 3-10-10, CGCG 465-10, IRAS 03509+1949
IC 357 04 03 43.9+22 09 35Gx (SBab)14.013.21.20 × 1.0F, S, R, N = 13.5UGC 2941, MCG 4-10-16, CGCG 487-16, NPM1G +22.0137, IRAS 04007+2201
IC 358 04 03 42.8+19 53 44Gx (S0)15.114.11.00 × 0.4vS, dif, lbMUGC 2940, MCG 3-11-6, CGCG 466-9, NPM1G +19.0125
IC 359 04 12 28.4+27 42 11Gx (E-S0)14.913.91.30 × 1.3eeF, pL, RUGC 2980, MCG 5-10-9, CGCG 508-8
IC 360 04 09 00.0+26 06 00EN180.00 × 100.0vF, eeL, v difLBN 786
IC 363 04 18 55.2+03 01 56Gx (C)15.414.40.20 × 0.2eF, * 9 nf 3'CGCG 392-19
IC 364 04 19 06.6+03 11 22Gx (E5)14.813.80.40 × 0.2vF, vS, R, sbMCGCG 392-20, NPM1G +03.0150
IC 365 04 19 14.2+03 20 56Gx (S0-a)14.813.91.00 × 0.6pB, S, iF, sbMMCG 1-11-17, CGCG 392-21, IRAS 04166+0313
IC 366 04 19 41.5+02 21 37Gx (E3)15.714.70.30 × 0.2eF, 3' sf of 1550CGCG 393-2, NPM1G +02.0138
IC 374 04 32 32.8+16 38 06Gx (S)15.714.90.80 × 0.4F, S, R, mbMMCG 3-12-1, CGCG 467-1, ARAK 107
IC 383 04 38 58.0+09 53 33Gx (E0)15.814.80.40 × 0.4vF, S, dif, * 11.5 f
IC 1918 03 26 17.8+04 32 30Gx (S)14.914.10.40 × 0.2F, S, glbM, difCGCG 416-9, NPM1G +04.0115
IC 1930 03 28 46.1+04 23 02Gx (E3)16.015.00.40 × 0.3F, S, R, gbM, * 8 p 3s, s 1'.6
IC 1931 03 28 57.8+01 45 02Gx (D)15.314.70.80 × 0.8vF, difMCG 0-9-87, CGCG 390-94
IC 1941 03 32 14.8+24 23 02*3vF, S, vmE 0° (prob neb)in line N-S
IC 1956 03 35 33.2+05 04 02Gx (SBbc)15.414.61.60 × 0.3F, S, E 200°, 2 vF NucleiUGC 2795, MCG 1-10-1, CGCG 417-1, KARA 130, IRAS 03329+0454
IC 1967 03 37 47.8+03 16 13Gx (S?)15.815.00.90 × 0.4vF, S, R, * 13 nrMCG 0-10-8, CGCG 391-20, IRAS 03351+0306
IC 1977 03 40 45.0+17 44 27Gx (SBb)14.313.51.40 × 0.8F, S, R, dif, * 13.5 nrUGC 2815, MCG 3-10-5, CGCG 465-7, IRAS 03378+1734
IC 1990 03 47 13.8+24 20 02ENvL, mE pf, 15' lCED 19M
IC 1995 03 50 18.5+25 34 51RN135.00 × 135.0* 6 in eF, eeL neb (M.N., lx. P. 260)CED 22, Pos of SAO 76256
IC 1998 03 51 31.2+01 11 25Gx (E2)15.414.40.90 × 0.7F, S, R, bMNCGCG 391-39, NPM1G +01.0131
IC 2002 03 54 30.3+10 42 25SBa14.713.81.10 × 1.0F, E ns, dif, * 14 nNGC 1474, UGC 2898, MCG 2-10-3, CGCG 442-5, KARA 135
IC 2016 04 01 59.9+20 14 26Gx (S0)15.614.60.40 × 0.2eF, vS, * 15 s 30"CGCG 466-6
IC 2019 104 01 53.7+05 38 21Gx (S)15.314.50.80 × 0.4F, S, R, stell, rUGC 2930, MCG 1-11-7, CGCG 418-7
IC 2019 204 01 52.7+05 38 10Gx (S)15.314.50.30 × 0.2F, S, R, stell, rUGC 2930, MCG 1-11-7, CGCG 418-7
IC 2057 04 21 56.0+04 02 53Gx (S?)15.214.40.70 × 0.6pB, pS, R, gbM, rCGCG 419-2, KARA 148, IRAS 04192+0355
IC 2061 04 24 00.0+21 05 00NFF, cS, R, susp
IC 2074 04 31 23.0+07 42 12*3vF, S, st inv, ? S Cl
IC 2077 04 32 06.1+00 34 04S014.413.41.60 × 0.6F, vS, gbMNNGC 1593, NGC 1608, UGC 3082, MCG 0-12-44, CGCG 393-37, NPM1G +00.0156
IC 2087 04 40 00.0+25 44 32RN4.00 × 4.0eeF, in hole of eL nebyLBN 813, CED 38
IC 2088 04 31 00.0+26 36 00EN360.00eeL, 3° longLBN 793
IC 2144 05 50 14.0+23 52 20EN1.00pF, eS, * 12 nnp 2', * 12 s 1'BFS 50

References

9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
20«Sternbilder und ihre Mythen» von Gerhard Fasching; Zweite, verbesserte Auflage; Springer Verlag Wien, New York; ISBN 3-211-82552-5 (Wien); ISBN 0-387-82552-5 (New York)
77The Starry Sky: Taurus by Deborah Byrd; Astronomy 12/94, p.60
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)