Constellation Lupus (Wolf)

Lupus
Lupus: IAU Constellation Map [150]

Properties

The constellation Lupus stands in a branch of the Milky Way ribbon, south of Libra, the claws of Scorpio and east of Centaurus. The area of the constellation is 334 square degrees and the center culminates around midnight on May 9th. [9, 15]

Data for constellation Lupus [150]
IAU NameLupus
IAU GenitiveLupi
IAU Abbr.Lup
English NameWolf
Season (47° N)April … May
Right Ascension14h 17m 48s … 16h 08m 37s
Declination-55° 34' 48" … -29° 50' 16"
Area334 deg2
Neighbours (N↻)Lib, Hya, Cen, Cir, Nor, Sco

Mythologie und Geschichte

Dr. House
Dr. House: It's not lupus. It's never lupus.

According to a story by Eratostenes, Lupus is the bloodthirsty King Lykaon of Arcadia. He is said to have killed almost all of his numerous sons. Zeus had a son named Arkas with Lykaon's daughter. One day Zeus was invited to dinner in the palace of the Lykaon. To check whether the guest really was the mighty Zeus, Lykaon cut up his son-in-law Arkas and served him as a meal for Zeus. However, Zeus immediately recognized the flesh of his poor son and, in a furious rage, knocked over the table, killed Lycaon's sons with a lightning bolt, and turned Lykaon himself into a wolf. Then Zeus put the parts of his son back together and handed him over to the Pleiade Maia, who raised him. The centaur Chiron now holds Lycaon, transformed into a wolf, in check for all eternity. [20]

According to [7], the Greeks and Romans saw Lupus as an unspecified wild animal that Centaurus should sacrifice to the gods. The identification with a wolf apparently only occurred in the age of the Renaissance.

Catalogs

Yale Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Hoffleit+, 1991) [154]
HR B F RA [hms] Dec [dms] vMag spType dMag Sep ["]
5354ι14 19 24.2-46 03 283.55 B2.5IV
5395τ114 26 08.2-45 13 174.56 B2IV 4.7158.2
5396τ214 26 10.8-45 22 464.35 F4IV+A7: 0.10.1
5425σ14 32 36.9-50 27 254.42 B2III
5453ρ14 37 53.2-49 25 334.05 B5V
5469α14 41 55.8-47 23 182.30 B1.5III/Vn 11.127.6
5528ο14 51 38.4-43 34 324.32 B5IV 0.00.1
5571β14 58 31.9-43 08 022.68 B2III/IV
5605π15 05 07.2-47 03 044.72 H B5V 0.11.8
5606π15 05 07.2-47 03 044.82 H B5IV 0.11.8
5626λ15 08 50.6-45 16 474.05 B3V 0.20.4
5646κ115 11 56.1-48 44 163.87 B9.5Vne 1.926.6
5647κ215 11 57.6-48 44 375.69 A3IV 1.926.6
5649ζ15 12 17.1-52 05 573.41 G8III 3.671.9
5660115 14 37.3-31 31 094.91 F1II
5683μ15 18 32.0-47 52 304.27 B8Ve 0.11.3
5686215 17 49.9-30 08 564.34 G9IIIaFe1
5695δ15 21 22.3-40 38 513.22 B1.5IV
5698ν115 22 08.3-47 55 405.00 F8V
5699ν215 21 48.2-48 19 045.65 G3-5V
5705φ115 21 48.4-36 15 413.56 K5III e10.917.3
5708ε15 22 40.9-44 41 223.37 B2IV-V 1.50.4
5712φ215 23 09.4-36 51 314.54 B4V
5719υ15 24 44.9-39 42 375.37 A0pSi v5.51.4
5776γ15 35 08.5-41 10 012.78 B2IV e0.10.6
5797ω15 38 03.2-42 34 034.33 K4.5III 6.711.8
5820ψ1315 39 46.0-34 24 434.67 G8III
5839ψ2415 42 41.0-34 42 384.75 B5V
5883χ515 50 57.5-33 37 383.95 B9IV
5925ξ115 56 53.5-33 57 595.12 A3V 0.510.3
5926ξ215 56 54.2-33 57 515.62 B9V 0.510.3
5948η16 00 07.3-38 23 493.41 B2.5IV 4.415.0
5987θ16 06 35.5-36 48 084.23 B2.5Vn

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
Planetary Nebulae
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 587315 12 50.7-38 07 31PN13.311.00.22planetary, stellar = 9.5 magPK 331+16.1, ESO 328-PN34, CS=13.6
NGC 588215 16 50.0-45 38 56PN10.59.40.33planetary, vS, R, quite sharpIC 1108, PK 327+10.1, ESO 274-PN7, CS=12.0
NGC 602616 01 21.0-34 32 37PN13.212.90.67F, S, R, gpmbM, Δ of st npPK 341+13.1, ESO 389-PN7, AM 1558-342
IC 440614 22 26.4-44 09 02PN10.610.21.77Planetary, stellar, 10 mag, E 80°PK 319+15.1, ESO 272-PN6, AM 1419-435, CS=14.7
Open Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 559314 25 40.0-54 47 54III1p6Cl, vlRi, vlC, st 10OCL 926, ESO 175-SC8
NGC 574914 48 48.8-54 29 37IV1p8.810Cl, pL, pRi, lC, st 10…11OCL 930, ESO 176-SC4
NGC 576414 53 31.8-52 40 16II2p12.63Cl, vF, vS, vCOCL 934, ESO 223-SC4
NGC 580015 01 47.8-51 55 06OCL8.05Cl, pL, pRi, lCESO 223-SC11, *Grp ?
NGC 582215 04 02.3-54 20 21II1r6.535Cl, vL, Ri lC, st 9…12OCL 937, ESO 176-SC9
Globular Clusters
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 583415 03 58.5-33 04 02I9.17.4eeF? (Marth: B, stellar)NGC 5824, ESO 387-SC1, GCL 31
NGC 592715 28 00.5-50 40 20VIII8.06globular, cB, L, R, vgbM, rrr, st 15GCL 35, ESO 224-SC4
NGC 598615 46 03.5-37 47 08VII7.69.6!, globular, vB, L, R, vgbM, st 13…15GCL 37, ESO 329-SC18
Galaxies
NameRADecTypebMagvMagDimDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 553014 18 27.1-43 23 13SBbc12.111.34.2 × 1.8!, vF, pmE, esvmbM * 12ESO 272-3, MCG -7-29-13, IRAS 14152-4309
NGC 564314 32 40.7-44 10 28SBc10.710.04.7 × 4.2pB, L, R, vglbM, st invESO 272-16, MCG -7-30-3, AM 1429-435, IRAS 14294-4357
NGC 567014 35 36.1-45 58 00S013.012.01.5 × 0.7vF, S, cE, bet 2 stESO 272-19
NGC 568814 39 35.1-45 01 07SBc12.811.93.1 × 1.9F, S, vgbM, am stESO 272-22, MCG -7-30-4, AM 1436-444, IRAS 14363-4448
NGC 584315 07 27.8-36 19 42SBb13.012.21.9 × 1.1vF, S, lE, vlbM, rESO 387-4, MCG -6-33-13, IRAS 15043-3608
NGC 596815 39 57.0-30 33 11SBab13.112.22.1 × 1.9vF, L, R, gbM, rESO 450-5, MCG -5-37-1, IRAS 15368-3023
IC 440214 21 12.9-46 17 54Sb12.011.64.2 × 0.9L, eE 125°, pointed endsESO 272-5, IRAS 14179-4604
IC 444114 31 38.8-43 25 06SBbc12.011.41.5 × 1.3pF, pS, RIC 4444, ESO 272-14, MCG -7-30-2, AM 1428-431, IRAS 14284-4311
IC 444514 31 54.3-46 02 07Sc14.714.01.2 × 0.4F, cS, E 160°ESO 272-15, IRAS 14285-4548
IC 447214 40 10.5-44 18 56Sc13.612.92.2 × 0.5L, eE 180°, bet 2 st ns, doubtfulESO 272-23, MCG -7-30-5, AM 1436-440, IRAS 14369-4406
IC 451814 57 45.2-43 07 52Sbc14.313.52.2 × 0.6eS, R, also one pL, eE 100°ESO 273-12, MCG -7-31-3, VV 780, IRAS 14544-4255, AM 1454-425, Beta Lup (2.7) 8' f
IC 4518 A14 57 41.0-43 07 53Sc15.014.30.9 × 0.3eS, R, also one pL, eE 100°ESO 273-12, MCG -7-31-1, VV 780, AM 1454-425, Beta Lup (2.7) 8' f
IC 4518 B14 57 41.2-43 07 25Sc17.016.31.3 × 0.1eS, R, also one pL, eE 100°ESO 273-12A, MCG -7-31-2, VV 780, AM 1454-425, Beta Lup (2.7) 8' f
IC 452315 05 10.5-43 30 35SBc13.913.22 × 1.4bM, magn 14ESO 273-15, MCG -7-31-5, IRAS 15018-4318
IC 452715 05 41.0-42 26 56SBbc14.113.31.3 × 0.7cS, E 225°, bMESO 328-15, MCG -7-31-6, IRAS 15023-4215
IC 452915 06 25.7-43 14 00Sbc15.014.20.7 × 0.6bM, magn 14ESO 273-19, MCG -7-31-7, IRAS 15031-4302

References

7«Der grosse Kosmos-Himmelsführer» von Ian Ridpath und Wil Tirion; Kosmos Verlag; ISBN 3-440-05787-9
9«Drehbare Sternkarte SIRIUS» von H. Suter-Haug; Hallwag-Verlag, Bern
15«Hartung's Astronomical Objects for Southern Telescopes» by David Malin and David J. Frew; Melbourne University Press 1995; ISBN 0-522-84553-3
20«Sternbilder und ihre Mythen» von Gerhard Fasching; Zweite, verbesserte Auflage; Springer Verlag Wien, New York; ISBN 3-211-82552-5 (Wien); ISBN 0-387-82552-5 (New York)
150IAU: The Constellations, 11. Oktober 2020; iau.org/public/themes/constellations
154Yale Bright Star Catalog, 15. Oktober 2020; tdc-www.harvard.edu/catalogs/bsc5.html
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; klima-luft.de/steinicke (2021-02-17)