Galaxies NGC 4733, NGC 4754, NGC 4762

NGC 4754, 4762: NGC 4762 (left) and NGC 4754 (right). Section of the Sloan Digitized Sky Survey [147]

Object Description

This small group of 3 galaxies was discovered on 15th March 1784 by Wilhelm Herschel using his 18.7 inch telescope. He cataloged them as follows: II 73 (NGC 4733), I 25 = II 74 (NGC 4754) and II 75 (NGC 4762). With I 25 and II 74 he mistakenly made a double entry for the same galaxy (NGC 4754). He described I 25 as «bright, small, in a line with 2 stars». The description for II 74 and II 75 reads as follows: «Two, nearly parallel. The preceding pretty bright nearly round. The following pretty bright very much extended. 8 or 10' distance». Both positions measured relatively from the star 34 Virginis and visual descriptions match. [463]

The two galaxies NGC 4754 and NGC 4762 are assigned to the Hubble class SB0 and are therefore barred spirals with less pronounced spiral arms. However, while we are looking almost exactly at the edge of NGC 4762, we only see NGC 4754 at a medium angle. In addition, there is a strong difference in brightness between a round, inner and an elliptical outer part of the latter galaxy, so that both galaxies do not look very similar in the telescope.

The following distances and radial velocities can be found at Simbad for the three galaxies over the last 20 years: NGC 4733: 13.5-19.1 Mpc, 905-928 km/s — NGC 4754: 15.9-19.8 Mpc, 1317-1377 km/s - NGC 4762: 10.8-22.6 Mpc, 973-1006 km/s. [145]

Revised+Historic NGC/IC, Version 22/9, © Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke [277]
NameRADecTypebMagvMagB-VSBDimPAzD(z)MDDreyer DescriptionIdentification, Remarks
NGC 473312 51 06.7+10 54 43Gx (E0)12.711.90.812.22.2 × 2.20.00309513.0714.900cF, pL, lE, r, * 12 pUGC 7997, MCG 2-33-28, CGCG 71-54, VCC 2087
NGC 475412 52 17.6+11 18 50Gx (SB0)11.510.60.913.14.4 × 2.4230.00449318.9816.960B, pL, R, psbM, p of 2UGC 8010, MCG 2-33-30, CGCG 71-62, VCC 2092, KCPG 356A
NGC 476212 52 55.9+11 13 50Gx (SB0) × 1.7290.00328213.8622.460pB, vmE 31°, 3 B st s, f of 2UGC 8016, MCG 2-33-33, CGCG 71-65, VCC 2095, KCPG 356B

Finder Chart

The pretty galaxy pair NGC 4754/4762 is located in the constellation Virgo (Virgo), almost 2.5 degrees west of Vindemiatrix (ε Virginis) and should so not hard to find. NGC 4733 stands about half a degree off to the southwest. The galaxies are best observed from February to June.

Finder Chart Galaxies NGC 4733, NGC 4754, NGC 4762
Galaxies NGC 4733, NGC 4754, NGC 4762 in constellation Virgo. Charts created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. Limiting magnitudes: Constellation chart ~6.5 mag, DSS2 close-ups ~20 mag. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

200 mm aperture: There are countless galaxies in the constellation Virgo, some of which are very interesting. The galaxies NGC 4754 and NGC 4762 form a very nice pair, which are visible together in fields of view beyond 30 arc minutes. Although they are both assigned to the same Hubble type, they look quite different due to the different viewing angles. The first of the two appears very elongated at 1:5 and structures (knots) are already indicated at medium magnification. It has a bright, compact core.

Nearly 10 arc minutes west of this very beautiful galaxy is NGC 4733. Unlike its partner, it appears round with a fairly smooth increase in brightness toward the core.

Frank H. Leiter

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