Planetary Nebula IC 972

IC 972
IC 972: Section of DSS2 color [147]


This nebula was discovered as J 272 on 25 May 1892 by the French astronomer Stephane Javelle, using the 30 inch f/23 refractor «grande lunette» at the Nice Observatory. Javelle found 1669 nebulae, published in three volumes of the «Annales de l'Observatoire de Nice»; a fourth list was never published. [277] John L. E. Dreyer added the discovery to his first «Index Catalogue» in 1895 as IC 972 with the description: «Faint, very small, round, resolvable.» [314]

In 1955 George Ogden Abell identified IC 972 as a planetary nebula on the POSS photoplates and listed it as number 26 in his first publication and in his second publication of 1966 as number 37. [331, 332]

Physical Properties

«Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae» Acker et al., 1992 [141]
DesignationsPN G326.7+42.2: IC 972, PK 326+42.1, A55 26, A 37, VV' 119
Right Ascension (J2000.0)14h 04m 26s
Declination (J2000.0)-17° 13' 34"
Dimensions 42." (optical)
Radial Velocity-26.6 km/s ± 4.0 km/s
Expansion Velocity 16.0 km/s (O-III)
C-Star DesignationsAG82 162
C-Star Magnitude17.91 mag (B filter)
DiscovererABELL 1955

Finder Chart

The planetary nebula IC 972 (Abell 37) located in the constellation Virgo. The best time to observe it is January to June when it is highest at night.

Chart Planetary Nebula IC 972
Planetary Nebula IC 972 in constellation Virgo. Chart created using SkySafari 6 Pro and STScI Digitized Sky Survey. [149, 160]

Visual Observation

Pending ...

More Objects Nearby (±20°)


141Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae; A. Acker, F. Ochsenbein, B. Stenholm, R. Tylenda, J. Marcout, C. Schohn; European Southern Observatory; ISBN 3-923524-41-2 (1992);
147Aladin Lite; (2020-12-23)
149SkySafari 6 Pro, Simulation Curriculum;
160The STScI Digitized Sky Survey;
277«Historische Deep-Sky Kataloge» von Dr. Wolfgang Steinicke; (2021-02-17)
314«Index Catalogue of Nebulæ found in the years 1888 to 1894, with Notes and Corrections to the New General Catalogue» Dreyer, J. L. E.; Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 51, p.185; 1895; Bibcode:1895MmRAS..51..185D
331«Globular Clusters and Planetary Nebulae Discovered on the National Geographic Society-Palomar Observatory Sky Survey» Abell, G. O.; Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 67, No. 397, p.258-261, August 1955; DOI:10.1086/126815; Bibcode:1955PASP...67..258A
332«Properties of Some Old Planetary Nebulae» Abell, G. O.; Astrophysical Journal, vol. 144, p.259, April 1966; DOI:10.1086/148602; Bibcode:1966ApJ...144..259A