IC 59/63, Gamma Cassiopeia Nebula
The German astronomer Max Wolf discovered the two nebulae IC 59 and IC 63 near the star γ Cassiopeiae on December 30, 1893. The American astronomer Edward Barnard rediscovered the two nebulae independently on February 2, 1894. The British astronomer Isaac Roberts made γ Cassiopeiae of the star γ as early as January 17, 1890, but despite a 20 inch aperture and 90 minutes exposure time, no nebula could be seen on the picture. [196, 206]
The two nebulae are about 600 light years away. The hot, bright star γ Cassiopeiae shines only three to four light-years away from these, whose high-energy radiation is reflected in the nebulae, causing them to glow in part, but which will dissolve completely over time. IC 63 is located closer to the star and glows more strongly in the H-α light, as the UV radiation from the star causes hydrogen to ionize. Due to the greater distance to the star, IC 59 shows proportionally fewer H-α emissions, but rather appears bluish due to the fact that it is reflected in the dust. 
|IC 59||00 57 28.5||+61 08 37||EN||10.00 × 5.0||pF, eL ! (nf γ Cassiop)||LBN 620, Gamma Cas nebula|
|IC 63||00 59 29.0||+60 54 40||EN||10.00 × 3.0||pF, eL ! conn with np one||LBN 623, CED 4B, Gamma Cas nebula|
The Gamma Cassiopeiae Nebula is, as one might expect, in the constellation Cassiopeia. This is circumpolar for Central Europe and is highest at night in the months of July to January.